Shilling, Lion on Crown Second Design, Coin Type from United Kingdom - detailed information

Shilling, Lion on Crown Second Design, Coin Type from United Kingdom (issued 1927 - 1936)
Coin TypeShilling, Lion on Crown Second Design

The pre-decimal shilling (1s), also abbreviated in sums as e.g. 1/- for one shilling, was a unit of currency equalling one twentieth of a pound sterling, or twelve pence sterling; the "s" in the abbreviation is not from "shilling" but from "sestertius" - the Roman coin which was the ancestor of the denomination. It was used in the United Kingdom, and earlier in Great Britain and England.

The denomination had undergone several earlier changes: the King George III shilling (1816 - 1820), King George IV first issue (1821 only), King George IV second issue (1823 - 1825), King George IV third issue (1825 - 1829), the "wreath" type (1831 - 1887), a brief shield of the Coat of Arms (1887 - 1892), a "three shields" type (1893 - 1901), and then the English Lion on a crown (1902 - 1927).

In 1927, most denominations were re-designed by George Kruger Gray as part of the so-called "Fourth Coinage". The other denominations got new themes, but the shilling retained the general idea of the English Lion on top of St Edward's Crown; it was just re-designed to look more streamlined, and the crown is seen from a different aspect. The design was issued until the end of the reign of King George V in this form, then during the reign of King George VI two Tudor roses were added and the coin was re-branded the "English Shilling", with a parallel Scottish Shilling introduced in 1937.

In 1953, the design was superseded by a new type of English Shilling featuring the crowned Shield of England.

The composition was 50% (0.0903 oz ASW) until 1946, after which time it was debased to copper-nickel together with the rest of the silver coinage. When the currency became decimal in 1971, shillings were re-denominated as five new pence; they remained legal tender until 1990, when a smaller type of five pence replaced them.

Obverse
United Kingdom / Shilling, Lion on Crown Second Design - obverse photo

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, part of the legend (in Latin).

During the existence of this coin type, shillings were issued for:
- King George V (1927 - 1936)
- King George VI (1937 - 1952)

Obverse Inscription Legend of the ruling British monarch
Reverse
United Kingdom / Shilling, Lion on Crown Second Design - reverse photo

The centre of the reverse shows St Edward's Crown surmounted by the crowned Lion of England. Named after Saint Edward the Confessor, the crown has been traditionally used to crown English and British monarchs at their coronations since the 13th century (with a two-century gap between 1689 and 1911). The lion is walking to left, its head turned to face the viewer. Above the lion's tail in small letters, the artist's initials KG (for [George] Kruger Gray).

Within a beaded border, around above is the continuation of the monarch's legend: FID · DEF IND · IMP (abbreviated from FIDEI DEFENSOR INDIAE IMPERATOR - Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India).

Around below, the denomination and the date of issue: · ONE SHILLING · [year] ·.

Due to the Independence of India, the "Emperor" part of the legend was dropped in 1948; the designer's initials were also removed at this time.

Reverse Inscription FID · DEF IND · IMP · ONE SHILLING · [year] ·
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Coin Type: Shilling, Lion on Crown Second Design - (26) Coins
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Shilling 1927 New Type 9,262,244 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1928 18,136,778 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1929 19,343,006 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1930 3,137,092 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1931 6,993,926 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1932 12,168,101 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1933 11,511,624 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1934 6,138,463 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1935 9,183,462 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1936 11,910,613 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Shilling 1937 English 8,385,524 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1938 English 4,833,436 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1939 English 11,052,677 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1940 English 11,099,126 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1941 English 11,391,883 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1942 English 17,453,643 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1943 English 11,404,213 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1944 English 11,586,751 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1945 English 15,143,404 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1946 English 18,663,797 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1947 English 12,120,611 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1948 English 45,576,923 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1949 English 19,328,405 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1950 English 19,261,385 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1951 English 9,976,930 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Shilling 1952 English (Proof only) unknown King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
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Shilling, Lion on Crown Second Design: Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Sub-type ofShilling
From1927
To1936
Face Value1 (x Shilling)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1990)
Material0.500 Silver
DesignerGeorge Kruger Gray
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size23.500 mm
Mass5.660 g
Shilling, Lion on Crown Second Design: Photos
ImageDetails
Proof Coin - Shilling, George V, Great Britain, 1928
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Source
Proof Coin - Shilling, George V, Great Britain, 1928
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Source