Threepence, Brass, Portcullis, Coin Type from United Kingdom - detailed information

Threepence, Brass, Portcullis, Coin Type from United Kingdom (issued 1953 - 1970)
Coin TypeThreepence, Brass, Portcullis

The pre-decimal threepence (3d), usually simply known as a threepence or threepenny bit, was a unit of currency equalling one eightieth of a pound sterling, or three pence sterling. It was used in the United Kingdom, and earlier in Great Britain and England.

Maundy Threepence have been issued for centuries (they are still being struck today for ceremonial purposes), and initially the circulating threepence were identical in design. Starting in 1927, they were made different - first with a design featuring three oak sprigs then one with a Tudor Rose, while the Maundy threepence continued with the traditional crowned numeral reverse.

By the end of King George V's reign the threepence had become unpopular in England because of its small size, but it remained popular in Scotland. It was consequently decided to introduce a more substantial threepenny coin which would have a more convenient weight/value ratio than the silver coinage. During the reign of King George VI, this new twelve-sided nickel-brass threepence format took over the bulk of the production of the denomination, being produced in all years between 1937 and 1952 except 1947. The reverse design during his reign showed a thrift plant.

For the reign of Queen Elizabeth II, this final reverse type, featuring a portcullis, was introduced. It was issued until 1970 (with only proof coins in 1970, as decimalisation was already under way at the time). The coins remained in circulation until "Decimal Day", 15 February 1971, and ceased to be legal tender after 31 August 1971. Unlike some of the larger denominations, they were not re-denominated to a decimal value when the decimal Pound Sterling was introduced.

Obverse
United Kingdom / Threepence, Brass, Portcullis - obverse photo

Effigy of the monarch, legend (in Latin).

During the existence of this coin type, it was only issued for Queen Elizabeth II.

Obverse Inscription Legend of the ruling British monarch
Reverse
United Kingdom / Threepence, Brass, Portcullis - reverse photo

At centre the centre of the reverse is a Tudor portcullis with chains and a coronet above.

Below the portcullis in small letters, the artist's initials WG (for William Gardner).

Around left and right, the value and denomination THREE PENCE; interrupting them below, the date of issue: [year].

Reverse Inscription THREE [year] PENCE
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Coin Type: Threepence, Brass, Portcullis - (16) Coins
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Threepence 1953 (Brass) 30,658,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH II DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1954 (Brass) 41,720,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Threepence 1955 (Brass) 41,075,200 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Threepence 1956 (Brass) 36,901,600 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Threepence 1957 (Brass) 24,294,400 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Threepence 1958 (Brass) 20,504,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Threepence 1959 (Brass) 28,499,200 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Threepence 1960 (Brass) 83,078,400 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Threepence 1961 (Brass) 41,102,400 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Threepence 1962 (Brass) 47,241,600 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Threepence 1963 (Brass) 35,280,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Threepence 1964 (Brass) 47,440,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Threepence 1965 (Brass) 23,907,200 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Threepence 1966 (Brass) 55,320,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Threepence 1967 (Brass) 49,000,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Threepence 1970 (Brass, proof only) 750,746 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
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Royal Mint
Royal Mint
Threepence, Brass, Portcullis: Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Sub-type ofThreepence, Circulating
From1953
To1970
Face Value3 (x Penny)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1971)
MaterialNickel-Brass (Neusilber)
DesignerWilliam Gardner
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeDodecagonal (12-sided)
Size
Mass6.800 g
Threepence, Brass, Portcullis: Photos
ImageDetails
Coin - Threepence, Elizabeth II, Great Britain, 1960
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Source
Coin - Threepence, Elizabeth II, Great Britain, 1960
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Source