Threepence 1955 (Brass), Coin from United Kingdom - detailed information

Threepence 1955 (Brass), Coin from United Kingdom (demonetised 1971)
CoinThreepence 1955 (Brass)

The pre-decimal threepence (3d), usually simply known as a threepence or threepenny bit, was a unit of currency equalling one eightieth of a pound sterling, or three pence sterling. It was used in the United Kingdom, and earlier in Great Britain and England.

Maundy Threepence have been issued for centuries (they are still being struck today for ceremonial purposes), and initially the circulating threepence were identical in design. Starting in 1927, they were made different - first with a design featuring three oak sprigs then one with a Tudor Rose, while the Maundy threepence continued with the traditional crowned numeral reverse.

By the end of King George V's reign the threepence had become unpopular in England because of its small size, but it remained popular in Scotland. It was consequently decided to introduce a more substantial threepenny coin which would have a more convenient weight/value ratio than the silver coinage. During the reign of King George VI, this new twelve-sided nickel-brass threepence format took over the bulk of the production of the denomination, being produced in all years between 1937 and 1952 except 1947. The reverse design during his reign showed a thrift plant.

For the reign of Queen Elizabeth II, this final reverse type, featuring a portcullis, was introduced. It was issued until 1970 (with only proof coins in 1970, as decimalisation was already under way at the time). Threepence coins issued in 1955 circulated for 16 years until "Decimal Day", 15 February 1971, and ceased to be legal tender after 31 August 1971. Unlike some of the larger denominations, they were not re-denominated to a decimal value when the decimal Pound Sterling was introduced.

MintRoyal Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage41,075,200 (41.1 million)
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Obverse
United Kingdom / Threepence 1955 (Brass) - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin shows the laureate young laureate bust of Queen Elizabeth II facing right - her effigy known as the "First Portrait". The laurel wreath in the Queen's hair is tied with a ribbon with two ends flowing behind.

The designer's initials, M.G. (for Mary Gillick) appear incuse on the base of the shoulder truncation.

The monarch's legend runs continuously all around the bust: + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:. Translated from Latin: Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen, Defender of the Faith.

Obverse Inscription + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Reverse
United Kingdom / Threepence 1955 (Brass) - reverse photo

At centre the centre of the reverse is a Tudor portcullis with chains and a coronet above.

Below the portcullis in small letters, the artist's initials WG (for William Gardner).

Around left and right, the value and denomination THREE PENCE; interrupting them below, the date of issue: 1955.

Reverse Inscription THREE 1955 PENCE
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Threepence 1955 (Brass): Known varieties
Variety Proof
Mintage Issued: unknown
Threepence 1955 (Brass): References to Information Used
Showing 43 from a total of 143 coins of type: Threepence, Circulating
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Threepence 1934 (Circulating) 7,405,954 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1935 (Circulating) 7,027,654 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1936 (Circulating) 3,238,670 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1937 (Silver, circulating) 8,174,558 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Threepence 1937 (Brass) 45,734,359 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Threepence 1938 (Silver, circulating) 6,402,473 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Threepence 1938 (Brass) 14,532,332 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Threepence 1939 (Silver, circulating) 1,355,866 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Threepence 1939 (Brass) 5,603,021 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Threepence 1940 (Silver, circulating) 7,914,401 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Threepence 1940 (Brass) 12,636,018 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Threepence 1941 (Silver, circulating) 7,979,411 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Threepence 1941 (Brass) 60,239,489 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Threepence 1942 (Silver, circulating) 4,144,051 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Threepence 1942 (Brass) 103,214,400 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Threepence 1943 (Silver, circulating) 1,379,220 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Threepence 1943 (Brass) 101,702,400 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Threepence 1944 (Silver, circulating) 2,005,553 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Threepence 1944 (Brass) 69,760,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Threepence 1945 (Silver, circulating) 371,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX
Threepence 1945 (Brass) 33,942,466 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Threepence 1946 (Brass) 620,734 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Threepence 1948 (Brass) 4,230,400 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Threepence 1949 (Brass) 464,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Threepence 1950 (Brass) 1,617,513 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Threepence 1951 (Brass) 1,204,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Threepence 1952 (Brass) 25,494,400 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Threepence 1953 (Brass) 30,658,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH II DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REGINA F: D:
Threepence 1954 (Brass) 41,720,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Threepence 1955 (Brass) 41,075,200 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Threepence 1956 (Brass) 36,901,600 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Threepence 1957 (Brass) 24,294,400 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Threepence 1958 (Brass) 20,504,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Threepence 1959 (Brass) 28,499,200 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Threepence 1960 (Brass) 83,078,400 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Threepence 1961 (Brass) 41,102,400 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Threepence 1962 (Brass) 47,241,600 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Threepence 1963 (Brass) 35,280,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Threepence 1964 (Brass) 47,440,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Threepence 1965 (Brass) 23,907,200 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Threepence 1966 (Brass) 55,320,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Threepence 1967 (Brass) 49,000,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Threepence 1970 (Brass, proof only) 750,746 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F: D:
Showing 101 to 143 of 143 Coins.
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Threepence 1955 (Brass): Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Coin TypeThreepence, Brass, Portcullis
Issued1955
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyQueen Elizabeth II - First Portrait, by Mary Gillick
Face Value3 (x Penny)
Total Mintage41,075,200 (41.1 million)
CurrentNo; demonetised 1971
MaterialNickel-Brass (Neusilber)
DesignerWilliam Gardner
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeDodecagonal (12-sided)
Mass6.800 g
OCC IDRDKL-MEMK-CQYB-ENZB
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Threepence 1955 (Brass): Photos
ImageDetails
Coin, Great Britain, Elizabeth II, 3 Pence, 1955
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
Coin, Great Britain, Elizabeth II, 3 Pence, 1955
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
Threepence 1955 (Brass): Catalogue Reference IDs