Five Cents, Coin Type from United States - detailed information

Five Cents, Coin Type from United States (issued 1792 - )
Coin TypeFive Cents

The United States Five Cents coin (written as ) is a unit of currency equalling one-twentieth of a United States dollar. 1792 Half Disme (as it was initially called) was the first denomination of the dollar issued into circulation. Renamed to a Half Dime, it was a silver coin from 1794 until 1873, with several changes of design.

Between 1794 and 1805, the value and denomination were not shown and the coin and had to be inferred from its size.

Silver was eventually replaced by a copper-nickel piece officially named Five Cents (most often just called a nickel) introduced in 1866, which has also undergone several design changes since then. The denomination has also been used for issuing some circulating commemorative types.

Five Cent coins have been struck by several different mints:
- Philadelphia Mint, 1792 to present; no mint mark 1792 - 1942 and 1945 - 1979, letter P 1942 - 1945 and 1980 - present
- New Orleans Mint, 1838 to 1860, mint mark O
- San Francisco Mint, 1863 to present (from 1972 - collector coins only), mint mark S
- Denver Mint, 1912 to present, mint mark D
- West Point Mint, 2020 (collector coins only), mint mark W

Obverse
United States / Five Cents - obverse photo

There have been a number of obverse designs during the history of the denomination.

The first design showed a portrait of Liberty with flowing hair, facing left. The legend around it was LIB · PAR · OF SCIENCE & INDUSTRY · (abbreviated from "Liberty, Parent of Science and Industry" - the first motto of the United States). This was only issued in 1792.

The second design (1794 and 1795) showed a different portrait of Liberty with flowing hair, this time facing right. I was surround ed by 13 stars, representing the first states forming the United States. The inscription above was LIBERTY, and the date of issue was below.

The third obverse (1796 - 1805) shows a draped bust of Liberty facing right, again surrounded by 13 stars, with LIBERTY above and the date of issue below.

The fourth obverse (1829 - 1837) shows a "Capped Liberty" - Liberty wearing a Phrygian cap. The inscription LIBERTY is on a band across the cap. Again, there are 13 stars around, and the date is below.

The fifth obverse (1837 - 1873) shows a seated depiction of Liberty who is holding a Liberty pole surmounted by a Phrygian cap (a type of cap which in Ancient Rome was worn by freed slaves). With her right hand, she supports the Union Shield, which has thirteen vertical stripes, white and red, with a blue horizontal bar on top. The colours are represented by heraldic hatching (thin lines indicating the colour - horizontal stripes for blue, vertical for red, no stripes for white). Across the shield, a diagonal banner inscribed with the word LIBERTY. Below, the date of issue. In 1837 only, there was a plain background; after that, there were 13 stars surrounding the figure. The stars were replaced by the legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA in 1860.

The first copper-nickel coins were issued in parallel with the silver half dimes for a time. Between 1866 and 1883, the obverse shows a rendition of the Union Shield from the Great Seal of the United States, with the motto IN GOD WE TRUST around above and the date of issue below.

The seventh obverse (1883 - 1913) is known as the "Liberty Head" and has a portrait of Liberty at centre, facing left and surrounded by 13 stars, with the date of issue below. The word LIBERTY is inscribed on a diadem in her hair.

The eighth obverse (1913 - 1938), known as the "Indian Head Nickel" shows the portrait of an American Indian man facing right, his plaited hair hanging below his shoulder, with a decoration of two large bird feathers hanging down in the back. Around right, the inscription LIBERTY. The date of issue: [year], is in relief on the Indian's shoulder. Incuse below that, a small letter F represents the initial of the sculptor, James E. Fraser.

Coins issued from 1939 to present are known as "Jefferson Nickels", as they all feature a portrait of Thomas Jefferson (1743 - 1826) - the third President of the United States (1801 - 1809).

From 1939 to 2004, the obverse featured a left-facing portrait of Jefferson, his long hair tied behind his back with a ribbon. Around left, the motto IN GOD WE TRUST. Around right, LIBERTY and the date of issue.

In 2005 only, there was a right-facing portrait of Thomas Jefferson. On these coins, "Liberty" is written in his own handwriting, taken from his draft of the Declaration of independence.

From 2006 to present, the obverse displays a facing portrait of Jefferson, with "Liberty" still in his own handwriting.

Obverse Inscription IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY [year]
Reverse
United States / Five Cents - reverse photo

There have been a number of reverse designs during the history of the denomination.

The first design showed a flying eagle as its main device. The denomination was given as HALF DISME - the only time the word was used. The legend was abbreviated as UNI · STATES OF AMERICA. This was only issued in 1792.

The second design (1794 - 1797) showed a standing eagle surrounded by a wreath, with the legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA around.

The third reverse (1800 - 1805) shows a "heraldic" eagle, with the Shield of the Great Seal of the United States on its breast. The eagle clutches a scroll with the motto E pluribus unum ("Out of Many, One"), a bundle of seven arrows in its right talon, and an olive branch in its left talon. Over its head there appears a "glory" with of clouds and 13 mullets (stars). Around, the legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

The fourth reverse (1829 - 1837) shows a standing eagle holding arrows and an olive branch. The legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is around above and the value and denomination are shown as 5 C. below.

The fifth reverse (1837 - 1873) shows the value and denomination at centre, on two lines and written in words: HALF DIME. It is surrounded by a wreath. Between 1837 and 1859 this is a laurel wreath, with the legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA around. It was redesigned to show a more ornate (and larger) wreath between 1860 and 1873, when the legend was moved to the obverse.

The first copper-nickel coins were issued in parallel with the silver half dimes for a time. Between 1866 and 1883, the reverse shows a large numeral 5 for the value at centre, surrounded by 13 stars; in 1866 only, there were rays separating the stars. The denomination CENTS is around below, and the legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is around above.

The seventh reverse (1883 - 1913) is known as the "V Nickel", as it hs a Roman numeral: V for the value 5, and the denomination CENTS below. The value is surrounded by a wreath; the motto E PLURIBUS UNUM is above, and the legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is around above in larger letters. During the first part of 1883, the word "CENTS" was omitted and "E PLURIBUS UNUM" was below; this however lead to people gilding the coins and passing them as gold 5 dollars, so the design was quickly changed.

The eighth reverse (1913 - 1938), known as the "Buffalo Nickel", shows an American bison (colloquially known as a buffalo, thus giving the coin its name), with its head lowered, standing to left. Around above, the legend UNITED · STATES · OF · AMERICA. Below that, to the right and above the buffalo's back, on three lines the motto E PLURIBUS UNUM. In the exergue, the value and denomination in words: FIVE CENTS.

The ninth definitive obverse was introduced with the introduction of the "Jefferson Nickel" type in 1939 and features Thomas Jefferson's house Monticello. Below, its name: MONTICELLO. Around below that, the value and denomination in words: FIVE CENTS. Around above, the motto E PLURIBUS UNUM. Around below in larger letters, the legend UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
The design was updated in 2006, retaining all original elements with a modernised rendition.

Reverse Inscription E PLURIBUS UNUM MONTICELLO FIVE CENTS UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
EdgeEdge Inscription
Notes

For coins of other countries denominated as Five Cents, see:
- Five Cents, South Africa - issued 1961 to 2011, withdrawn 2012
- Five Cents, Australia - issued 1966 to present
- Five Cents, Bahamas - issued 1966 to present
- Five Cents, New Zealand - issued 1967 to 2006, demonetised 2006
- Five Cents, Fiji - issued 1969 to present

Coin Type: Five Cents - (214) Coins (Page 2 of 3)
Coin NameMintageSymbol or PortraitLegend
Five Cents 1909 Liberty Head Nickel 11,590,526 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1909
Five Cents 1910 Liberty Head Nickel 30,169,353 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1910
Five Cents 1911 Liberty Head Nickel 39,559,372 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1911
Five Cents 1912 Liberty Head Nickel 34,948,714 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1912
Five Cents 1913 Liberty Head Nickel 5 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1913
Five Cents 1913 Buffalo Nickel 73,659,220 Indian Head LIBERTY 1913
Five Cents 1914 Buffalo Nickel 28,047,738 Indian Head LIBERTY 1914
Five Cents 1915 Buffalo Nickel 30,061,270 Indian Head LIBERTY 1915
Five Cents 1916 Buffalo Nickel 88,691,066 Indian Head LIBERTY 1916
Five Cents 1917 Buffalo Nickel 65,527,019 Indian Head LIBERTY 1917
Five Cents 1918 Buffalo Nickel 45,330,314 Indian Head LIBERTY 1918
Five Cents 1919 Buffalo Nickel 76,395,000 Indian Head LIBERTY 1919
Five Cents 1920 Buffalo Nickel 82,200,000 Indian Head LIBERTY 1920
Five Cents 1921 Buffalo Nickel 12,220,000 Indian Head LIBERTY 1921
Five Cents 1923 Buffalo Nickel 41,857,000 Indian Head LIBERTY 1923
Five Cents 1924 Buffalo Nickel 28,315,000 Indian Head LIBERTY 1924
Five Cents 1925 Buffalo Nickel 46,271,100 Indian Head LIBERTY 1925
Five Cents 1926 Buffalo Nickel 51,301,000 Indian Head LIBERTY 1926
Five Cents 1927 Buffalo Nickel 47,141,000 Indian Head LIBERTY 1927
Five Cents 1928 Buffalo Nickel 36,783,000 Indian Head LIBERTY 1928
Five Cents 1929 Buffalo Nickel 52,570,000 Indian Head LIBERTY 1929
Five Cents 1930 Buffalo Nickel 28,284,000 Indian Head LIBERTY 1930
Five Cents 1931 Buffalo Nickel 1,200,000 Indian Head LIBERTY 1931
Five Cents 1934 Buffalo Nickel 27,693,003 Indian Head LIBERTY 1934
Five Cents 1935 Buffalo Nickel 80,656,000 Indian Head LIBERTY 1935
Five Cents 1936 Buffalo Nickel 158,745,420 Indian Head LIBERTY 1936
Five Cents 1937 Buffalo Nickel 102,946,769 Indian Head LIBERTY 1937
Five Cents 1938 Buffalo Nickel 7,020,000 Indian Head LIBERTY 1938
Five Cents 1938 Jefferson Nickel 28,996,365 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1938
Five Cents 1939 Jefferson Nickel 130,771,535 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1939
Five Cents 1940 Jefferson Nickel 259,729,158 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1940
Five Cents 1941 Jefferson Nickel 300,160,720 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1941
Five Cents 1942 Jefferson Nickel 154,557,200 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1942
Five Cents 1943 Jefferson Nickel 390,519,000 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1943
Five Cents 1944 Jefferson Nickel 173,099,000 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1944
Five Cents 1945 Jefferson Nickel 215,505,100 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1945
Five Cents 1946 Jefferson Nickel 219,968,200 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1946
Five Cents 1947 Jefferson Nickel 157,542,000 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1947
Five Cents 1948 Jefferson Nickel 145,382,000 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1948
Five Cents 1949 Jefferson Nickel 106,866,000 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1949
Five Cents 1950 Jefferson Nickel 12,477,416 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1950
Five Cents 1951 Jefferson Nickel 56,845,500 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1951
Five Cents 1952 Jefferson Nickel 115,279,980 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1952
Five Cents 1953 Jefferson Nickel 125,862,300 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1953
Five Cents 1954 Jefferson Nickel 194,484,410 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1954
Five Cents 1955 Jefferson Nickel 82,730,300 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1955
Five Cents 1956 Jefferson Nickel 103,108,324 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1956
Five Cents 1957 Jefferson Nickel 176,484,852 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1957
Five Cents 1958 Jefferson Nickel 186,212,772 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1958
Five Cents 1959 Jefferson Nickel 189,135,531 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1959
Five Cents 1960 Jefferson Nickel 249,689,782 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1960
Five Cents 1961 Jefferson Nickel 306,011,004 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1961
Five Cents 1962 Jefferson Nickel 380,797,739 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1962
Five Cents 1963 Jefferson Nickel 455,681,105 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1963
Five Cents 1964 Jefferson Nickel 2,815,919,922 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1964
Five Cents 1965 Jefferson Nickel 138,491,380 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1965
Five Cents 1966 Jefferson Nickel 158,469,866 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1966
Five Cents 1967 Jefferson Nickel 109,189,144 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1967
Five Cents 1968 Jefferson Nickel 194,665,370 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1968
Five Cents 1969 Jefferson Nickel 325,907,131 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1969
Five Cents 1970 Jefferson Nickel 756,950,194 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1970
Five Cents 1971 Jefferson Nickel 426,249,533 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1971
Five Cents 1972 Jefferson Nickel 556,991,596 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1972
Five Cents 1973 Jefferson Nickel 648,561,339 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1973
Five Cents 1974 Jefferson Nickel 881,737,568 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1974
Five Cents 1975 Jefferson Nickel 586,492,750 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1975
Five Cents 1976 Jefferson Nickel 935,237,877 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1976
Five Cents 1977 Jefferson Nickel 885,940,574 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1977
Five Cents 1978 Jefferson Nickel 707,528,561 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1978
Five Cents 1979 Jefferson Nickel 792,732,847 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1979
Five Cents 1980 Jefferson Nickel 1,098,882,254 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1980
Five Cents 1981 Jefferson Nickel 1,026,368,926 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1981
Five Cents 1982 Jefferson Nickel 669,939,023 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1982
Five Cents 1983 Jefferson Nickel 1,101,620,402 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1983
Five Cents 1984 Jefferson Nickel 1,267,509,256 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1984
Five Cents 1985 Jefferson Nickel 1,110,225,229 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1985
Five Cents 1986 Jefferson Nickel 901,713,120 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1986
Five Cents 1987 Jefferson Nickel 786,317,813 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1987
Five Cents 1988 Jefferson Nickel 1,438,394,600 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1988
Five Cents 1989 Jefferson Nickel 1,472,874,668 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1989
Five Cents 1990 Jefferson Nickel 1,328,874,062 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1990
Five Cents 1991 Jefferson Nickel 1,053,468,465 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1991
Five Cents 1992 Jefferson Nickel 854,293,673 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1992
Five Cents 1993 Jefferson Nickel 821,554,927 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1993
Five Cents 1994 Jefferson Nickel 1,441,359,736 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1994
Five Cents 1995 Jefferson Nickel 1,665,065,481 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1995
Five Cents 1996 Jefferson Nickel 1,649,593,265 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1996
Five Cents 1997 Jefferson Nickel 940,433,678 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1997
Five Cents 1998 Jefferson Nickel 1,325,718,507 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1998
Five Cents 1999 Jefferson Nickel 2,282,067,966 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1999
Five Cents 2000 Jefferson Nickel 2,359,807,993 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 2000
Five Cents 2001 Jefferson Nickel 1,306,568,606 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 2001
Five Cents 2002 Jefferson Nickel 1,233,691,995 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 2002
Five Cents 2003 Jefferson Nickel 828,178,439 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 2003
Five Cents 2004 Louisiana Purchase 736,432,069 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 2004
Five Cents 2004 Westward Journey - Keelboat 714,592,069 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 2004
Five Cents 2005 Westward Journey - Bison 941,664,679 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST Liberty 2005
Five Cents 2005 Westward Journey - Ocean in View 810,864,679 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST Liberty 2005
Five Cents 2006 Jefferson Nickel 1,507,149,158 Thomas Jefferson (facing) IN GOD WE TRUST Liberty 2006
Five Cents 2007 Jefferson Nickel 1,154,208,422 Thomas Jefferson (facing) IN GOD WE TRUST Liberty 2007
Showing 101 to 200 of 214 Coins.
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Royal Mint
Royal Mint
Five Cents: Details
CountryUnited States
CurrencyUS Dollar
Sub-types Half Disme
Half Dime, Flowing Hair
Half Dime, Draped Bust
Half Dime, Capped Bust
Half Dime, Seated Liberty
Five Cents, Shield Nickel
Five Cents, Liberty Head
Five Cents, Buffalo Nickel
Five Cents, Jefferson Nickel
From1792
Face Value5 (x Cent)
CurrentYes
MaterialCuproNickel
Designer
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationCoin Alignment (Axis 6)
Size21.210 mm
Thickness1.950 mm
Mass5.000 g