Five Cents 1913 Liberty Head Nickel, Coin from United States - detailed information

Five Cents 1913 Liberty Head Nickel, Coin from United States
CoinFive Cents 1913 Liberty Head Nickel

The Liberty Head Nickel (or simply Liberty Nickel), sometimes referred to as the V Nickel because of its reverse design, is an American five-cent piece (abbreviated as 5¢). It was struck for circulation from 1883 until 1912, with at least five pieces being surreptitiously struck dated 1913. The obverse features a left-facing image of the goddess of Liberty. The alloy is the same as modern nickels, 75% copper and 25% nickel.

The original copper-nickel five-cent piece, the Shield Nickel, had long-standing production problems, and in the early 1880s the United States Mint was looking to replace it. Mint Chief Engraver Charles E. Barber was instructed to prepare designs for proposed one-, three-, and five-cent pieces, which were to bear similar designs. Only the new five-cent piece was approved, and went into production in 1883. For almost thirty years large quantities of coin of this design were produced to meet commercial demand, especially as coin-operated machines became increasingly popular.

Beginning in 1911, the Mint began work to replace the Liberty Head design, and a new design, which became known as the Buffalo Nickel, went into production in February 1913. Although no 1913 Liberty head nickels were officially struck, five are known to exist. Two of these are in museums and three are in private collections.

In 1920, the numismatic community learned of five Liberty Head nickels dated 1913, all owned by Samuel Brown, a numismatist who attended the American Numismatic Association's annual convention in 1920 and displayed the coins there. He had previously placed an advertisement in the December 1919 issue of The Numismatist soliciting information on these coins, offering to pay US $500 for each and ostensibly purchasing them as a result. However, Brown had been a Mint employee in 1913, and many numismatic historians have concluded that he may have struck them himself (or had them struck) and taken them from the Mint. If true, this was not a unique occurrence; such clandestine strikes were quite common in the 19th century, with the Class II and III 1804 silver dollars perhaps the best-known instance. Other numismatic authorities, such as Q. David Bowers, have questioned this scenario, and pointed out that there are several methods by which the coins could have been legitimately produced; e.g., they may have been lawfully issued by the Mint's Medal Department "for cabinet purposes," or could have been struck as trial pieces in late 1912 to test the following year's new coinage dies. Bowers, however, did not entirely discount the private minting theory.

In January 1924, Samuel Brown sold all five 1913 Liberty Head nickels. The intact lot passed through the hands of several other coin dealers before finally being purchased by Colonel E. H. R. Green, who kept them in his collection until his death in 1936. His estate was then auctioned off, and the five 1913 Liberty Head nickels were purchased by two dealers who broke up the set for the first time. Of the five 1913 Liberty Head nickels, two have proof surfaces and the other three were produced with standard striking techniques.

MintPhiladelphia Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage5, Rarity: R6 (4 to 8 examples known)
Obverse
United States / Five Cents 1913 Liberty Head Nickel - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin shows, within a denticled (toothed) border, the classic head of Liberty, facing left, with long hair tied back in a bun.

She wears a coronet or diadem, on which the inscription LIBERTY is incuse. Above that, she has a wreath of wheat and grape leaves.

All around, thirteen six-pointed stars represent the first thirteen states that formed the United States.

Below, the date of issue: 1913.

Obverse Inscription ************* 1913
Reverse
United States / Five Cents 1913 Liberty Head Nickel - reverse photo

At centre, surrounded by a wreath of wheat, cotton and corn, a large Latin numeral V (5) for the value. Around below, the denomination CENTS.

Around above the wreath, the motto E PLURIBUS UNUM (from Latin: "Out of many, one" ).

Around above, the legend · UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ·.

Reverse Inscription V CENTS · UNITED STATES OF AMERICA · E PLURIBUS UNUM
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Five Cents 1913 Liberty Head Nickel: Known varieties
Variety Proof
Mintage Issued: 2 (included in total). Rarity: R7 (Highest rarity possible, 3 or less examples known)
Showing 100 from a total of 214 coins of type: Five Cents
Coin NameMintageSymbol or PortraitLegend
Five Cents 1909 Liberty Head Nickel 11,590,526 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1909
Five Cents 1910 Liberty Head Nickel 30,169,353 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1910
Five Cents 1911 Liberty Head Nickel 39,559,372 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1911
Five Cents 1912 Liberty Head Nickel 34,948,714 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1912
Five Cents 1913 Liberty Head Nickel 5 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1913
Five Cents 1913 Buffalo Nickel 73,659,220 Indian Head LIBERTY 1913
Five Cents 1914 Buffalo Nickel 28,047,738 Indian Head LIBERTY 1914
Five Cents 1915 Buffalo Nickel 30,061,270 Indian Head LIBERTY 1915
Five Cents 1916 Buffalo Nickel 88,691,066 Indian Head LIBERTY 1916
Five Cents 1917 Buffalo Nickel 65,527,019 Indian Head LIBERTY 1917
Five Cents 1918 Buffalo Nickel 45,330,314 Indian Head LIBERTY 1918
Five Cents 1919 Buffalo Nickel 76,395,000 Indian Head LIBERTY 1919
Five Cents 1920 Buffalo Nickel 82,200,000 Indian Head LIBERTY 1920
Five Cents 1921 Buffalo Nickel 12,220,000 Indian Head LIBERTY 1921
Five Cents 1923 Buffalo Nickel 41,857,000 Indian Head LIBERTY 1923
Five Cents 1924 Buffalo Nickel 28,315,000 Indian Head LIBERTY 1924
Five Cents 1925 Buffalo Nickel 46,271,100 Indian Head LIBERTY 1925
Five Cents 1926 Buffalo Nickel 51,301,000 Indian Head LIBERTY 1926
Five Cents 1927 Buffalo Nickel 47,141,000 Indian Head LIBERTY 1927
Five Cents 1928 Buffalo Nickel 36,783,000 Indian Head LIBERTY 1928
Five Cents 1929 Buffalo Nickel 52,570,000 Indian Head LIBERTY 1929
Five Cents 1930 Buffalo Nickel 28,284,000 Indian Head LIBERTY 1930
Five Cents 1931 Buffalo Nickel 1,200,000 Indian Head LIBERTY 1931
Five Cents 1934 Buffalo Nickel 27,693,003 Indian Head LIBERTY 1934
Five Cents 1935 Buffalo Nickel 80,656,000 Indian Head LIBERTY 1935
Five Cents 1936 Buffalo Nickel 158,745,420 Indian Head LIBERTY 1936
Five Cents 1937 Buffalo Nickel 102,946,769 Indian Head LIBERTY 1937
Five Cents 1938 Buffalo Nickel 7,020,000 Indian Head LIBERTY 1938
Five Cents 1938 Jefferson Nickel 28,996,365 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1938
Five Cents 1939 Jefferson Nickel 130,771,535 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1939
Five Cents 1940 Jefferson Nickel 259,729,158 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1940
Five Cents 1941 Jefferson Nickel 300,160,720 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1941
Five Cents 1942 Jefferson Nickel 154,557,200 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1942
Five Cents 1943 Jefferson Nickel 390,519,000 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1943
Five Cents 1944 Jefferson Nickel 173,099,000 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1944
Five Cents 1945 Jefferson Nickel 215,505,100 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1945
Five Cents 1946 Jefferson Nickel 219,968,200 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1946
Five Cents 1947 Jefferson Nickel 157,542,000 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1947
Five Cents 1948 Jefferson Nickel 145,382,000 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1948
Five Cents 1949 Jefferson Nickel 106,866,000 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1949
Five Cents 1950 Jefferson Nickel 12,477,416 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1950
Five Cents 1951 Jefferson Nickel 56,845,500 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1951
Five Cents 1952 Jefferson Nickel 115,279,980 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1952
Five Cents 1953 Jefferson Nickel 125,862,300 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1953
Five Cents 1954 Jefferson Nickel 194,484,410 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1954
Five Cents 1955 Jefferson Nickel 82,730,300 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1955
Five Cents 1956 Jefferson Nickel 103,108,324 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1956
Five Cents 1957 Jefferson Nickel 176,484,852 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1957
Five Cents 1958 Jefferson Nickel 186,212,772 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1958
Five Cents 1959 Jefferson Nickel 189,135,531 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1959
Five Cents 1960 Jefferson Nickel 249,689,782 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1960
Five Cents 1961 Jefferson Nickel 306,011,004 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1961
Five Cents 1962 Jefferson Nickel 380,797,739 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1962
Five Cents 1963 Jefferson Nickel 455,681,105 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1963
Five Cents 1964 Jefferson Nickel 2,815,919,922 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1964
Five Cents 1965 Jefferson Nickel 138,491,380 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1965
Five Cents 1966 Jefferson Nickel 158,469,866 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1966
Five Cents 1967 Jefferson Nickel 109,189,144 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1967
Five Cents 1968 Jefferson Nickel 194,665,370 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1968
Five Cents 1969 Jefferson Nickel 325,907,131 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1969
Five Cents 1970 Jefferson Nickel 756,950,194 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1970
Five Cents 1971 Jefferson Nickel 426,249,533 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1971
Five Cents 1972 Jefferson Nickel 556,991,596 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1972
Five Cents 1973 Jefferson Nickel 648,561,339 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1973
Five Cents 1974 Jefferson Nickel 881,737,568 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1974
Five Cents 1975 Jefferson Nickel 586,492,750 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1975
Five Cents 1976 Jefferson Nickel 935,237,877 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1976
Five Cents 1977 Jefferson Nickel 885,940,574 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1977
Five Cents 1978 Jefferson Nickel 707,528,561 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1978
Five Cents 1979 Jefferson Nickel 792,732,847 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1979
Five Cents 1980 Jefferson Nickel 1,098,882,254 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1980
Five Cents 1981 Jefferson Nickel 1,026,368,926 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1981
Five Cents 1982 Jefferson Nickel 669,939,023 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1982
Five Cents 1983 Jefferson Nickel 1,101,620,402 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1983
Five Cents 1984 Jefferson Nickel 1,267,509,256 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1984
Five Cents 1985 Jefferson Nickel 1,110,225,229 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1985
Five Cents 1986 Jefferson Nickel 901,713,120 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1986
Five Cents 1987 Jefferson Nickel 786,317,813 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1987
Five Cents 1988 Jefferson Nickel 1,438,394,600 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1988
Five Cents 1989 Jefferson Nickel 1,472,874,668 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1989
Five Cents 1990 Jefferson Nickel 1,328,874,062 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1990
Five Cents 1991 Jefferson Nickel 1,053,468,465 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1991
Five Cents 1992 Jefferson Nickel 854,293,673 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1992
Five Cents 1993 Jefferson Nickel 821,554,927 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1993
Five Cents 1994 Jefferson Nickel 1,441,359,736 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1994
Five Cents 1995 Jefferson Nickel 1,665,065,481 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1995
Five Cents 1996 Jefferson Nickel 1,649,593,265 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1996
Five Cents 1997 Jefferson Nickel 940,433,678 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1997
Five Cents 1998 Jefferson Nickel 1,325,718,507 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1998
Five Cents 1999 Jefferson Nickel 2,282,067,966 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 1999
Five Cents 2000 Jefferson Nickel 2,359,807,993 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 2000
Five Cents 2001 Jefferson Nickel 1,306,568,606 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 2001
Five Cents 2002 Jefferson Nickel 1,233,691,995 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 2002
Five Cents 2003 Jefferson Nickel 828,178,439 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 2003
Five Cents 2004 Louisiana Purchase 736,432,069 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 2004
Five Cents 2004 Westward Journey - Keelboat 714,592,069 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST LIBERTY * 2004
Five Cents 2005 Westward Journey - Bison 941,664,679 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST Liberty 2005
Five Cents 2005 Westward Journey - Ocean in View 810,864,679 Thomas Jefferson (left) IN GOD WE TRUST Liberty 2005
Five Cents 2006 Jefferson Nickel 1,507,149,158 Thomas Jefferson (facing) IN GOD WE TRUST Liberty 2006
Five Cents 2007 Jefferson Nickel 1,154,208,422 Thomas Jefferson (facing) IN GOD WE TRUST Liberty 2007
Showing 101 to 200 of 214 Coins.
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Five Cents 1913 Liberty Head Nickel: Details
CountryUnited States
CurrencyUS Dollar
Coin TypeFive Cents, Liberty Head
Issued1913
SymbolLiberty, Portrait
Face Value5 (x Cent)
Circulation MintageNone
Total Mintage5, Rarity: R6 (4 to 8 examples known)
CurrentYes
MaterialCuproNickel
DesignerCharles E. Barber
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationCoin Alignment (Axis 6)
Size21.200 mm
Thickness1.950 mm
Mass5.000 g
OCC IDYRVP-OVRC-RBMD-ODQG
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Five Cents 1913 Liberty Head Nickel: Photos
ImageDetails
1913 Liberty Head Nickel
Copyright: Public Domain
Source
1913 Liberty Head Nickel
Copyright: Public Domain
Source
Five Cents 1913 Liberty Head Nickel: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsUnited States KM# 112
Schön, WeltmünzkatalogSchön# 119