Threepence 1945, Coin from British West Africa - detailed information

Threepence 1945, Coin from British West Africa (demonetised 1968)
CoinThreepence 1945

The British West African Pound was the currency of British West Africa, a group of British colonies, protectorates and mandate territories - Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Ghana (originally Gold Coast) and Gambia.

The British West African Pound was equal to the (pre-decimal) Pound Sterling and was similarly subdivided into 20 shillings, each of 12 pence. In other words, the threepence (or three pence) was equal to a quarter of a shilling or 1/80th of a pound (i.e., 80 of these coins made one pound).

Initially the coins were issued in silver; this was later changed to tin brass, and then to copper-nickel - such as this coin.

After decolonisation, the coins were replaced by the various new countries as they introduced their own independent currencies:
- Nigeria introduced the Nigerian Pound in 1958
- Ghana introduced in Ghanaian Pound in 1958
- British Cameroon (on unification with Cameroon) adopted the Central African CFA Franc in 1961
- Sierra Leone introduced the Leone in 1964
- Gambia introduced the Gambian Pound in 1965

In some places, British West African coins circulated in parallel with the new coinage until 1968. Thus, 3 pence coins issued in 1945 would have circulated for up to 23 years depending on location.

MintMint markTotal Mintage
King's Norton Metal Co. Letters KN 3,000,000 (3.0 million)
Birmingham Mint Letter H 998,000 (998000)
Obverse

Crowned head of King George VI facing left; around, the monarch's legend: GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:. Translated from Latin: George VI, by the Grace of God, King of all the Britains, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India.

Below the neck truncation in small letters are the artist's initials PM (for Percy Metcalfe).

Obverse Inscription GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
Reverse

Within an oak wreath tied with ribbon, the value and denomination in two lines: 3 PENCE; around, the legend BRITISH WEST AFRICA.

Below the wreath, the date 1945.

The mint mark, H for the Birmingham Mint (ex Heaton and Sons) or KN for King's Norton Metal Co., is between the wreath and the date.

Reverse Inscription 3 PENCE BRITISH WEST AFRICA 1945
EdgeSecurity GrooveEdge InscriptionNone
Threepence 1945: References to Information Used
All (27) Coins of Country: British West Africa, Type: Threepence
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Threepence 1913 736,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Bertram Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1914 1,560,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Bertram Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1915 270,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Bertram Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1916 820,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Bertram Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1917 3,600,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Bertram Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1918 1,722,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Bertram Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1919 19,826,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Bertram Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1920 (Silver) 3,616,029 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Bertram Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1920 (Brass) 19,000,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Bertram Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1925 8,800,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Bertram Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1926 1,600,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Bertram Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1927 800,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Bertram Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1928 1,760,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Bertram Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1933 2,800,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Bertram Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1934 6,400,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Bertram Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1935 11,560,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Bertram Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1936 20,198,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Bertram Mackennal GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1938 16,056,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
Threepence 1939 33,000,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
Threepence 1940 11,496,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
Threepence 1941 5,032,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
Threepence 1943 14,608,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
Threepence 1944 2,536,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
Threepence 1945 3,998,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
Threepence 1946 7,488,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
Threepence 1947 21,248,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
Threepence 1957 800,080 Portrait by Cecil Thomas QUEEN ELIZABETH THE SECOND
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Threepence 1945: Details
CountryBritish West Africa
CurrencyBritish West African Pound
Coin TypeThreepence, CuproNickel
Issued1945
MonarchKing George VI
EffigyPortrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head)
Face Value3 (x Penny)
Total Mintage3,998,000 (4.0 million)
CurrentNo; demonetised 1968
MaterialCuproNickel
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size (mm)21.4500
Mass (g)5.1000
OCC IDJWMR-AEQP-CVWG-OYPL
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Threepence 1945: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsBritish West Africa KM# 21