Canada: Coins Issued and Used

Showing only circulating coin types (regular coinage plus circulating commemoratives).

Canada (1867 - )
Information about what currencies were issued by Canada, with lists of coinage, as well as periods when foreign-issued currencies were used.
Currency: Canadian Dollar. Used in Canada: (1858 - present)
CurrencyCanadian Dollar
PeriodCanadian Dollar
Used1858 - present

The Canadian dollar (symbol: $; code: CAD) is the currency of Canada. It is abbreviated with the dollar sign $, or sometimes C$ to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies. It is divided into 100 cents.

In 1841, the Province of Canada adopted a new system based on the Halifax rating. The new Canadian pound was equal to four US dollars (92.88 grains gold), making one pound sterling equal to 1 pound, 4 shillings, and 4 pence Canadian. Thus, the new Canadian pound was worth 16 shillings and 5.3 pence sterling.

The 1850s was a decade of wrangling over whether to adopt a sterling monetary system or a decimal monetary system based on the US dollar. The local population, for reasons of practicality in relation to the increasing trade with the neighbouring United States, had a desire to assimilate their colonial currency with the American unit, but the imperial authorities in London still preferred sterling as the sole currency throughout the British Empire. In 1851, the Legislative Council and the Legislative Assembly passed an act for the purposes of introducing a pound sterling unit in conjunction with decimal fractional coinage. The idea was that the decimal coins would correspond to exact amounts in relation to the U.S. dollar fractional coinage.

As a compromise, in 1853 an act of the Legislative Council and Assembly of the Province of Canada introduced the gold standard into the colony, based on both the British gold sovereign and the American gold eagle coins. This gold standard was introduced with the gold sovereign being legal tender at £1 = US$4.86 2⁄3. No coinage was provided for under the 1853 act. Sterling coinage was made legal tender and all other silver coins were demonetized. The British government in principle allowed for a decimal coinage but nevertheless held out the hope that a sterling unit would be chosen under the name of "royal". However, in 1857, the decision was made to introduce a decimal coinage into the Province of Canada in conjunction with the U.S. dollar unit. Hence, when the new decimal coins were introduced in 1858, the colony's currency became aligned with the U.S. currency, although the British gold sovereign continued to remain legal tender at the rate of £1 = 4.86 2⁄3 right up until the 1990s. In 1859, Canadian colonial postage stamps were issued with decimal denominations for the first time.

228 products (1815 - 2021). Showing first 50 only.
Product NameMintage
Magdalen Islands Penny Token 1815 unknown
Twenty-five Cents 1871 unknown
Twenty-five Cents 1874 unknown
One Cent 1886 unknown
Five Cents 1888 unknown
Montreal Checkers Token 1891 unknown
Joseph Leroux Token 1891 unknown
Five Cents 1920 unknown
Coronation Medal 1953 unknown
Twenty-five Cents Token 1964 Hudson Bay Company unknown
Gold Half Ounce 1976 Olympics unknown
Gold Half Ounce 1979 Year of the Child unknown
Gold Half Ounce 1984 Jacques Cartier unknown
Gold Quarter Ounce 1987 Calgary Olympics unknown
Gold Half Ounce 1990 unknown
Two Dollars 1999 Nunavut unknown
Silver Quarter Ounce 2004 Golden Easter Lily unknown
Silver Ounce 2004 Hopewell Rocks unknown
Silver Ounce 2004 Icebergs unknown
Silver Ounce 2005 Diamonds unknown
Silver Ounce 2005 End of WWII unknown
Gold Twenty-five Grams 2006 Dog Sled Team unknown
Silver Ounce 2006 Georgian Bay Islands unknown
Silver Ounce 2008 Holiday Carols unknown
One Ounce Silver 2010 Maple of Strength unknown
Silver Half Ounce 2011 Highway of Heroes unknown
Silver Ounce 2011 Gibraltar Point Lighthouse unknown
Silver Ounce 2011 Royal Wedding unknown
Silver Quarter Ounce 2011 Birthstones - September unknown
Quarter Ounce Silver 2012 Magical Reindeer unknown
One Ounce Silver 2012 Maple of Good Fortune unknown
Silver Ounce 2012 Cougar unknown
Silver Ounce 2012 Maple Leaf unknown
Silver Ounce 2012 Diamond Jubilee unknown
Silver Ounce 2012 Diamond Jubilee Double Effigy unknown
Silver Ounce 2012 Two Loons unknown
Silver Quarter Ounce 2012 Polar Bear unknown
Silver Quarter Ounce 2012 Farewell to the Penny unknown
Gold Quarter Ounce 2012 War of 1812 unknown
Silver Quarter Ounce 2012 Sir Isaac Brock unknown
Silver Ounce 2012 Rhododendron unknown
Silver Half Ounce 2012 Praying Mantis unknown
Gold Five Ounces 2012 The Glorious Maple Leaf 200
Fifteen Dollars 2012 Dragon in Water Lily Blossom 48,888
Silver Ounce 2013 Wood Bison unknown
Silver Ounce 2013 Pronghorn Antelope unknown
Silver Ounce 2013 Maple Leaf unknown
Silver Ounce 2013 Maple Canopy - Spring unknown
Silver Ounce 2013 Maple Canopy - Autumn unknown
Silver Quarter Ounce 2013 Santa unknown
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