|Coin||Five Krooni 1993 Independence|
The second Estonian kroon currency was introduced in 1992, after Estonia gained independence from the USSR. The kroon was subdivided into 100 cents (senti; singular sent). The five krooni coin was used as a circulating commemorative denomination only twice, in 1993 and in 1994. A banknote of the same value was preferred though, so the coins did not circulate much.
The 1993 coin commemorates the 75th Anniversary of Estonian Independence.
These coins circulated until 15 January 2011 when they were demonetised and replaced with the Euro, when Estonia joined the Euro currency.
||Mint Mark||No mint mark
||Total Mintage||1,510,000 (1.5 million)
The obverse depicts the Coat of Arms of Estonia, consisting of three lions passant gardant (walking to left, facing the observer) on a shield. The date 1993 is divided by the shield.
The reverse shows a deer - based on Jaan Koort's 1929 sculpture "Roe Deer". Around left, EESTI VABARIIK(Republic of Estonia) and 75. Around right, the value and denomination 5 KROONI.
The Estonian Declaration of Independence, also known as the Manifesto to the Peoples of Estonia (Estonian: Manifest Eestimaa rahvastele), is the founding act of the Republic of Estonia from 1918. It is celebrated on 24 February, the National Day or Estonian Independence Day.
The declaration was drafted by the Salvation Committee elected by the elders of the Estonian Provincial Assembly. Originally intended to be proclaimed on 21 February 1918, the proclamation was delayed until the evening of 23 February, when the manifesto was printed and read out aloud publicly in Pärnu. On the next day, 24 February, the manifesto was printed and distributed in the capital, Tallinn.