Five Krooni 1993 Independence, Coin from Estonia - detailed information

Five Krooni 1993 Independence, Coin from Estonia (demonetised 2011)
CoinFive Krooni 1993 Independence

The second Estonian kroon currency was introduced in 1992, after Estonia gained independence from the USSR. The kroon was subdivided into 100 cents (senti; singular sent). The five krooni coin was used as a circulating commemorative denomination only twice, in 1993 and in 1994. A banknote of the same value was preferred though, so the coins did not circulate much.

The 1993 coin commemorates the 75th Anniversary of Estonian Independence.

These coins circulated until 15 January 2011 when they were demonetised and replaced with the Euro, when Estonia joined the Euro currency.

MintJuveel Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage1,510,000 (1.5 million)
Estonia / Five Krooni 1993 Independence - obverse photo

The obverse depicts the Coat of Arms of Estonia, consisting of three lions passant gardant (walking to left, facing the observer) on a shield. The date 1993 is divided by the shield.

Obverse Inscription 1993
Estonia / Five Krooni 1993 Independence - reverse photo

The reverse shows a deer - based on Jaan Koort's 1929 sculpture "Roe Deer". Around left, EESTI VABARIIK(Republic of Estonia) and 75. Around right, the value and denomination 5 KROONI.

Reverse Inscription EESTI VABARIIK 75 5 KROONI
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone

The Estonian Declaration of Independence, also known as the Manifesto to the Peoples of Estonia (Estonian: Manifest Eestimaa rahvastele), is the founding act of the Republic of Estonia from 1918. It is celebrated on 24 February, the National Day or Estonian Independence Day.

The declaration was drafted by the Salvation Committee elected by the elders of the Estonian Provincial Assembly. Originally intended to be proclaimed on 21 February 1918, the proclamation was delayed until the evening of 23 February, when the manifesto was printed and read out aloud publicly in Pärnu. On the next day, 24 February, the manifesto was printed and distributed in the capital, Tallinn.

Five Krooni 1993 Independence: Known varieties
Variety With M privy mark
Mintage Issued: unknown (included in total)

On some coins, there is a tiny inverted letter M above the right (upper) front paw of the lower lion on the obverse. There is much controversy about this. It is not a mint mark; it was originally present on coins minted by Juveel, but Juveel never had a mint mark for coins (it has markings on its other production); also, the letter is present on coins made later at other mints. The general opinion seems to be that the letter M is a privy mark of Rein Mikli, who was director of Juveel at the time the original dies were made.

Wild Winds Ancient Coins
Wild Winds Ancient Coins
Five Krooni 1993 Independence: Details
CurrencyKroon (Second Kroon, 1992 - 2011)
Coin TypeFive Krooni
SymbolCoat of Arms of Estonia
Face Value5 (x Kroon)
Total Mintage1,510,000 (1.5 million)
CurrentNo; demonetised 2011
MaterialNordic Gold
DesignerAnts Raud, Arseni Mölder, Ene Valter
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size26.2000 mm
Mass7.1000 g
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Five Krooni 1993 Independence: Photos
Coin, Estonia, 5 Krooni, 1993
Coin, Estonia, 5 Krooni, 1993
Five Krooni 1993 Independence: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsEstonia KM# 29
Schön, WeltmünzkatalogEstland Schön# 30.2, 30.1 (with M privy mark)