One Crown 1970 Manx Cat, Coin from Isle of Man - detailed information

One Crown 1970 Manx Cat, Coin from Isle of Man
CoinOne Crown 1970 Manx Cat

The Isle of Man has its own circulating coinage, which is used in parallel with the British Pound Sterling; it also issues an extensive range of Non-Circulating Legal Tender (NCLT) coins for collectors, as well as bullion coins in a variety of formats and designs.

The coin format most popular with collectors is the Crown, which has the same specifications as the British (decimal) Crown - also issued as a collector coin, and historically is derived from the British pre-decimal Crown, which was a circulating denomination.

After decimalisation, a Crown coin was nominally denominated as 25 pence, an old Crown being equal to five shillings, and a shilling re-denominated as five pence. The UK Crown and its derivatives - such as the Manx Crown - was later re-denominated as £5 in 1990. The Manx Crown displays the denomination as "Crown" though and not as £5 (which its UK counterpart almost never does), and is - also unlike the UK Crown - subdivided into fractional denominations, such as half-crown, one-tenth Crown etc.

This is the first Crown coin issued by the Isle of Man.

It features a Manx cat (in earlier times often spelled Manks) - a breed of domestic cat (Felis catus) originating on the Isle of Man, with a naturally occurring mutation that shortens the tail. Many Manx have a small stub of a tail, but Manx cats are best known as being entirely tailless; this is the most distinguishing characteristic of the breed, along with elongated hind legs and a rounded head. Manx cats come in all coat colours and patterns, though all-white specimens are rare, and the coat range of the original stock was more limited. Long-haired variants are sometimes considered a separate breed, the Cymric.

MintPobjoy Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage150,000
Isle of Man / One Crown 1970 Manx Cat - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin shows the crowned and draped young bust of Queen Elizabeth II facing right (her effigy known as the "Second Portrait", by Arnold Machin).

The Queen wears the "Girls of Great Britain and Ireland" diamond tiara, a wedding gift from Queen Mary (Her Majesty's grandmother) in 1947 - which she also has on the Rank-Broadley and the Gottwald portraits.

Around, the monarch's legend and the date of issue: ELIZABETH THE SECOND.

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH THE SECOND
Isle of Man / One Crown 1970 Manx Cat - reverse photo

The reverse of the coin depicts at its centre a tailless Manx cat, walking to left and facing the viewer.

Around above, the legend ISLE OF MAN. Below the exergue line, the face value ONE CROWN, below which the date of issue 1970.

There is no mint mark.

Reverse Inscription ISLE OF MAN ONE CROWN 1970
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone

The Isle of Man uses the Manx cat as one of the symbols of the island nation and its unique culture. On Isle of Man currency, Manx cats are the subject of the reverse of four special commemorative crown coins. The first two, issued in 1970 and 1975, are stand-alone releases in both copper-nickel and silver proofs, while the third, in 1988, inaugurated an ongoing series of annual cat coin issues that have also been produced in gold in various sizes; an almost-hidden Manx cat appears in the background on each of the 1989-onward releases featuring other breeds.

One Crown 1970 Manx Cat: Known varieties
Variety Silver Proof
Images Isle of Man / One Crown 1970 Manx Cat / Silver Proof - obverse photo Isle of Man / One Crown 1970 Manx Cat / Silver Proof - reverse photo
Mintage Issued: 11,000
Material0.925 Silver

Sterling silver proof.

Royal Mint
Royal Mint
One Crown 1970 Manx Cat: Details
CountryIsle of Man
CurrencyManx Pound
Coin TypeCrown
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II, Lord of Mann
EffigyQueen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait, by Arnold Machin
Face Value5 (x Pound)
Total Mintage150,000
DesignerChristopher Ironside
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size38.6100 mm
Mass28.2800 g
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One Crown 1970 Manx Cat: Photos
1970 Silver Proof Crown Manx Cat
Copyright: Chards
Notes: Silver proof.
1970 Silver Proof Crown Manx Cat
Copyright: Chards
Notes: Silver proof.
Coin, Isle of Man, One Crown 1970
Coin, Isle of Man, One Crown 1970
One Crown 1970 Manx Cat: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsIsle of Man KM# 18, KM# 18a (Silver)