Isle of Man: Information

Isle of Man (1399 - )

The Isle of Man (Manx: Ellan Vannin), otherwise known simply as Mann (Manx: Mannin), is a self-governing British Crown dependency located in the Irish Sea between the islands of Great Britain and Ireland. The head of state is Queen Elizabeth II, who holds the title of Lord of Mann. The Lord of Mann is represented by a Lieutenant Governor, but its foreign relations and defence are the responsibility of the British Government.

The island has been inhabited by humans since before 6500 BC. Gaelic cultural influence began in the 5th century AD, and the Manx language, a branch of the Gaelic languages, gradually emerged. In 627, Edwin of Northumbria conquered the Isle of Man along with most of Mercia. In the 9th century, the Norse began to settle there. Norse people from Scotland then established the Kingdom of the Isles. The King's title would then carry the suffix, "and the Isles". Magnus III, the King of Norway, was also known as "King of Mann and the Isles" as part of the Hebrides civilization between 1099 and 1103.

A Norse-Gaelic culture arose and the island came under Norse control. In 1266, the island became part of Scotland, as formalised by the Treaty of Perth. After a period of alternating rule by the kings of Scotland and England, the island came under the feudal lordship of the English Crown in 1399. The lordship revested into the British Crown in 1765, but the island never became part of the Kingdom of Great Britain or its successor the United Kingdom, retaining its status as an internally self-governing Crown dependency.

Isle of Man: List of Rulers.
Reign / RuleFromToCoins Issued
Henry Percy, King of Mann 19 October 1399 1405
John I Stanley, King of Mann 1405 1414
John II Stanley, King of Mann 1414 1437
Thomas, Lord Stanley, King of Mann 1437 20 February 1459
Thomas, Earl of Derby, King of Mann 20 February 1459 29 July 1504
Thomas, Earl of Derby, Lord of Mann 29 July 1504 23 May 1521
Edward, Earl of Derby, Lord of Mann 23 May 1521 24 October 1572
Henry, Earl of Derby, Lord of Mann 24 October 1572 25 September 1593
Ferdinando, Earl of Derby, Lord of Mann 25 September 1593 16 April 1594
Henry, Earl of Northampton, Lord of Mann 1607 1608
Robert, Earl of Salisbury, Lord of Mann 1608 1609
William, Earl of Derby, Lord of Mann 1609 1612
Elizabeth, Countess of Derby, Lord of Mann 1612 10 March 1627
James, Earl of Derby, Lord of Mann 10 March 1627 15 October 1651
Thomas, Lord Fairfax of Cameron, Lord of Mann 15 October 1651 1660
Charles, Earl of Derby, Lord of Mann 1660 21 December 1672
William, 9th Earl of Derby, Lord of Mann 21 December 1672 5 November 1702
James, 10th Earl of Derby, Lord of Mann 5 November 1702 1 February 1736 2
James, Duke of Atholl, Lord of Mann 1 February 1736 8 January 1764
Charlotte, Duchess of Atholl, Lord of Mann 8 January 1764 10 May 1765
King George III, Lord of Mann 10 May 1765 29 January 1820 4
King George IV, Lord of Mann 29 January 1820 26 June 1830
King William IV, Lord of Mann 26 June 1830 20 June 1837
Queen Victoria, Lady of Mann 20 June 1837 22 January 1901 2
King Edward VII, Lord of Mann 22 January 1901 6 May 1910
King George V, Lord of Mann 6 May 1910 20 January 1936
King Edward VIII, Lord of Mann 20 January 1936 11 December 1936
King George VI, Lord of Mann 11 December 1936 6 February 1952
Queen Elizabeth II, Lord of Mann 6 February 1952 8 September 2022 240
King Charles III, Lord of Mann 8 September 2022 2
The Definitive Guide to Australian Silver Coins
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Isle of Man: Details
Official NameIsle of Man
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Isle of Man: Currencies Used