Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2018 Rise of the Dinosaurs, Coin from South Africa - detailed information

Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2018 Rise of the Dinosaurs, Coin from South Africa
CoinGold Twentieth-Ounce 2018 Rise of the Dinosaurs

South Africa pioneered modern bullion coinage when it first issued the Krugerrand on 3 July 1967 to help market South African gold; it is the first modern bullion coin and is still issued today.

Gradually, the South African Mint started diversifying the range, first by issuing fractional Krugerrands, then by introducing different designs. The gold twentieth-ounce (1/20th oz) format is a mini-coin introduced in 2017 to mark the 50th anniversary of the range. The format has been subsequently used for other coins, such as the Natura series. The twentieth-Krugerrands retain their specifications (22-carat gold) while the other coins are 99.99% gold; just as the 1/20 Krugerrand though, they contain exactly one twentieth of an ounce of pure gold or 1/20 oz Absolute Gold Weight (0.050 oz AGW).

This coin features an Euparkeria capensis and is part of the Natura coin series by the South African Mint, which celebrates Africa’s unique natural heritage.

The South African Mint says about it:
"A new chapter in the award-winning Natura series begins with the introduction of palaeontology, in recognition of South Africa’s significance to this field and study of plant and animal fossils. In this first instalment of the palaeontology-themed coins, the focus is Rise of the dinosaurs - Archosauria over the five 24ct gold coins.

The Karoo supergroup of South Africa is one of the geological wonders of the world. This 12 km thick layer of sedimentary rock was set down over a period of almost 120 million years when South Africa was still part of southern Gondwanaland.

The Archosauria - crocodiles, pterosaurs, dinosaurs and birds - or the ruling reptiles, were magnificent beasts which ruled over the land and sky for 180 million years, from the Triassic to the Cretacecous periods. The Archosauriforms evolved at the end of the Triassic, finally taking over the last enclaves of synapsid domination. The next step of evolution, which saw the rise of the dinosaurs, crocodiles and pterosaurs, was imminent."

Each coin in this series depicts a different Archosauriform together with its scientific name, the word "Natura", the denomination, mass and metal value of the coin.

Euparkerids are Archosauriforms from the Middle Triassic of South Africa, Namibia, Poland and China, and is pictured on the R5, introduced to the range in 2018. Euparkeria capensis, a small active predator, which could at speed run bipedally, had a protective double row of osteoderms along the length of its body like many other Archosauriforms. The size, agility, speed and small sharp teeth of Euparkeria would have made it ideally suited to be an insectivore. Euparkeria was one of the first bipedal vertebrates with their legs longer than their arms, which suggest that they could move around quadropedally, but at times, such as when they were running, they could become facultative bipeds and run on their hind legs. Bipedalism became a very important evolutionary adaptation inherited by the archosaurs, including dinosaurs and birds.

For the creation of the coin, the mint credits: MJ Scheepers (die sinker), F Durand (artist) and RC Stone (designer).

MintSouth African Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage2,300
Obverse
South Africa / Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2018 Rise of the Dinosaurs - obverse photo

The obverse depicts the fossilised skull, neck and shoulder of an "Erythrosuchus africanus" dinosaur.

Below that, the inscription RISE OF THE DINOSAURS; below, the legend SOUTH AFRICA, below which the Roman numerals MMXVIII represent the year of issue 2018.

In the exergue, the name of the series ARCHOSAURIA.

Obverse Inscription RISE OF THE DINOSAURS SOUTH AFRICA MMXVIII ARCHOSAURIA
Reverse
South Africa / Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2018 Rise of the Dinosaurs - reverse photo

The reverse of the coin features an Archosauriform of the Euparkeria capensis species - a large reptile that developed from archosauromorph ancestors some time in the Late Permian (roughly 250 million years ago), similar to a crocodile or alligator. It is depicted mid-jump, trying to catch a bird.

The background is plain, unlike that on the silver ounce of 2019.

The value and denomination R 5 (Five Rand) are to the right. Below the dinosaur figure, the name of the series: NATURA, below which EUPARKERIA.

The content: 1/20 OZ Au 999.9 is in the exergue (Au is abbreviated from Aurum, which means "gold" in Latin and is used internationally on gold bullion coinage).

Above the exergue line on the left, in small letters the die-sinker's initials MJS (for MJ Scheepers).

Reverse Inscription R 5 NATURA EUPARKERIA 1/20 OZ Au 999.9
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

1,500 individually boxed coins (issue price R 2,495), plus 800 coins in sets.

Issued in Set
2018 Natura Prestige Set, mintage unknown
5 coins: 1 oz Coelophysis rhodesiensis, 1/2 oz Massospondylus carinatus, 1/4 oz Proterosuchus, 1/10 oz Erythrosuchus, 1/20 oz Euparkeria capensis
See also

The design was re-issued in 2019 as a bullion one-ounce silver coin.

Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2018 Rise of the Dinosaurs: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
South African Mint Mintage link
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Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2018 Rise of the Dinosaurs: Details
CountrySouth Africa
CurrencyRand
Coin TypeGold Twentieth-Ounce (1/20 oz)
Issued2018
Face ValueVaries (x Rand)
Mintage2,300
CurrentYes
Material0.9999 Gold
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size (mm)12
Mass (g)1.5550
OCC IDYRVP-OVRC-NJPA-ODQG
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Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2018 Rise of the Dinosaurs: Photos
ImageDetails
R5 1/20 oz gold: Euparkeria capensis
Copyright: South African Mint
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