Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2019 Homo Sapiens, Coin from South Africa - detailed information

Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2019 Homo Sapiens, Coin from South Africa
CoinGold Twentieth-Ounce 2019 Homo Sapiens

South Africa pioneered modern bullion coinage when it first issued the Krugerrand on 3 July 1967 to help market South African gold; it is the first modern bullion coin and is still issued today.

Gradually, the South African Mint started diversifying the range, first by issuing fractional Krugerrands, then by introducing different designs. The gold twentieth-ounce (1/20th oz) format is a mini-coin introduced in 2017 to mark the 50th anniversary of the range. The format has been subsequently used for other coins, such as the Natura series. The twentieth-Krugerrands retain their specifications (22-carat gold) while the other coins are 99.99% gold; just as the 1/20 Krugerrand though, they contain exactly one twentieth of an ounce of pure gold or 1/20 oz Absolute Gold Weight (0.050 oz AGW).

This coin - featuring a Homo sapiens fossil - is part of the South African Natura gold bullion coin series celebrating the rich natural heritage of the country.

The South African Mint says about the 2019 edition:
"The second instalment of the palaeontology theme features the Cradle of Humankind - hominids. Hominin species refer to any member of the family tree that split from the common ancestor we share with chimpanzees and ultimately ended with the appearance of humans, while the term hominid is used to include humankind and the chimpanzee, bonobo, gorilla and orangutan.

These species are represented by the hundreds of thousands of fossils that have been discovered in virtually every province in South Africa, which are far more than the hominin fossils that have been discovered in the rest of the world put together. These fossils also represent more hominin species than those found in any other country in the world.

Thus Africa can be regarded as the birthplace of humankind and therefore everyone on earth can trace their ancestry back to Africa. Of all the countries in the world, no one can tell the story of human origins better than South Africa. The title Cradle of Humankind is well deserved because more hominin species have been discovered in South Africa than any other country in the world.

Every coin in this series is a miniature ambassador that tells the story of the origin of humans and South Africa as the birthplace of humankind."

MintSouth African Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage1,000
Obverse
South Africa / Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2019 Homo Sapiens - obverse photo

The common obverse of the 2019 Natura gold coins features the Taung Child, which was the first fossil hominin from Africa and, at the time, the oldest fossil hominin known in the world. This fossil was the single most important discovery in palaeoanthropology and one which has irrevocably changed our view of human evolution.

Below, the inscription CRADLE OF HUMANKIND, below which the legend SOUTH AFRICA. Below that, the Roman numerals MMXIX represent the date of issue, 2019.

In exergue, the name of the series - HOMINIDS.

Below the exergue line on the right, in small letters the die-sinker's initials MJS (for MJ Scheepers).

Obverse Inscription CRADLE OF HUMANKIND SOUTH AFRICA MMXIX HOMINIDS
Reverse
South Africa / Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2019 Homo Sapiens - reverse photo

The reverse of the 1/20 oz coin depicts one of the distinct fossil species that has been identified, namely an archaic Homo sapiens; the skull is within a reconstructed silhouette.

To the right, the face value and denomination: R 5 (Five Rand). Below, the name of the series NATURA, below which ARCHAIC HOMO SAPIENS.

In exergue, the metal content and composition of the coin: 1/20 oz Au 999.9 (Au is abbreviated from Aurum, which means "gold" in Latin and is used internationally on gold bullion coinage).

Below the exergue line on the right, in small letters the die-sinker's initials MJS (for MJ Scheepers).

Reverse Inscription R 5 NATURA ARCHAIC HOMO SAPIENS 1/20 oz Au 999.9
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

Mintage limited to 750 individually boxed coins (issue price: R 2,495) plus 250 coins in a 5-coin set.

Issued in Set
2019 Natura Prestige Set, mintage unknown
5 coins: 1 oz Australopithecus africanus, 1/2 oz Paranthropus robustus, 1/4 oz Homo ergaster, 1/10 oz Homo heidelbergensis, 1/20 oz Homo sapiens
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Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2019 Homo Sapiens: Details
CountrySouth Africa
CurrencyRand
Coin TypeGold Twentieth-Ounce (1/20 oz)
Issued2019
Face ValueVaries (x Rand)
Total Mintage1,000
CurrentYes
Material0.9999 Gold
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size (mm)12
Mass (g)1.5550
OCC IDRMKG-OZAC-DYYX-ENXQ
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Gold Twentieth-Ounce 2019 Homo Sapiens: Photos
ImageDetails
R5 1/20oz Gold: Homo sapiens
Copyright: South African Mint
Source
R5 1/20oz Gold: Homo sapiens
Copyright: South African Mint
Source