One Dime 1820 Capped Bust, Coin from United States - detailed information

One Dime 1820 Capped Bust, Coin from United States
CoinOne Dime 1820 Capped Bust

The dime, in United States usage, is a ten-cent coin (10¢), one tenth of a United States dollar, labelled formally as "one dime". The word dime comes from the Old French disme (now dîme), meaning "tithe" or "tenth part", from the Latin decima [pars]. In the past prices have occasionally been quoted on signage and other materials in terms of dimes, abbreviated as "d" or a lowercase "d" with a slash through it (đ) as with the cent and mill signs. After the half dime became five cents in 1873, the dime is now the only United States coin in general circulation that is not denominated in terms of dollars or cents.

The Capped Bust design (also known as the Liberty Cap Dime) was the second type of dime issued into circulation, replacing the Draped Bust dime in 1809. It features a new eagle reverse which - unlike earlier coins - shows the value and denomination; the value is given as "10 cents" and not a "dime" as on all later coins. The obverse design - common for the half dime, dime, quarter and half dollar of the time - shows a new concept of the portrait of Liberty where she wears a soft cap; it was designed by John Reich and modified by Chief Engraver of the Mint, William Kneass. It proved to be a popular design and lasted from 1807 to 1839 on the half dollar, 1815 to 1838 on the quarter, 1809 to 1837 on the dime, and 1829 to 1837 on the half dime. All four of these coin were struck in 89.24% silver and 10.76% copper.

In 1828, there was a change in design which is minor according to some numismatic sources, or major according to others which classify the later coins as a new type. Pre-1828 coins have a diameter of approximately 18.8 mm, which varies slightly. With new equipment installed at the Philadelphia Mint (which is the only mint where these coins were struck), a uniform diameter could be maintained; it was slightly reduced to 18.5 mm. The design was changed to a wider border and a smaller date.

After 1837, the type was replaced by the Seated Liberty design. In later years, there were also changes in size and composition (the dime is now smaller and made of copper-nickel), but these coins have never been demonetised and are still legal tender. This, of course, is of academic interest only, as their numismatic value is enormously higher than their face value.

MintPhiladelphia Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage942,587
Obverse
United States / One Dime 1820 Capped Bust - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin shows a portrait of Liberty facing to the left; her hair is covered by a cloth cap secured by a band inscribed LIBERTY, with tresses flowing down to her shoulder. Her neckline is draped with a gown, secured with a brooch at the shoulder.

Around the rim, thirteen stars (seven to the left and six to the right) representing the original 13 states.

Below the portrait, the date of issue: 1820.

The rim is beaded.

Obverse Inscription ************* 1820
Reverse
United States / One Dime 1820 Capped Bust - reverse photo

The main device on the reverse is an eagle, perched, with open wings, looking to left. On its breast, the Union Shield at centre, with thirteen vertical stripes, white and red, with a blue horizontal bar on top. The colours are represented by heraldic hatching (thin lines indicating the colour - horizontal stripes for blue, vertical for red, no stripes for white). From the eagle's perspective, it holds a bundle of three arrows in its left talon, and an olive branch in its right talon.

The arrows and olive branch together symbolise that the United States has "a strong desire for peace, but will always be ready for war". The eagle has its head turned towards the olive branch, to symbolise a preference for peace.

Around above, a scroll inscribed with the motto E PLURIBUS UNUM ("Out of Many, One").

Around the outer rim, the name of the country: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. Below the eagle, the abbreviated value and denomination 10 C. (Ten Cents).

The rim is beaded.

Reverse Inscription UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 10 C. E PLURIBUS UNUM
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
One Dime 1820 Capped Bust: Known varieties
Variety Small 0 in date
Images United States / One Dime 1820 Capped Bust / Small 0 in date - obverse photo United States / One Dime 1820 Capped Bust / Small 0 in date - reverse photo
Mintage Issued: unknown (included in total)
Details

The 0 in the date is slightly smaller than normal, and further away from the 2.

Variety STATESOFAMERICA
Images United States / One Dime 1820 Capped Bust / STATESOFAMERICA - obverse photo United States / One Dime 1820 Capped Bust / STATESOFAMERICA - reverse photo
Mintage Issued: unknown (included in total)
Details

The letters of the reverse legend are large, with no spaces between the words "STATES OF AMERICA".

Variety Proof
Mintage Issued: unknown
Details

Catalogues do not list any proof coins of this type. However, NGC has graded one example as such.

Showing 100 from a total of 111 coins of type: One Dime
Coin NameMintageSymbol or PortraitLegend
One Dime 1796 Draped Bust 22,135 Liberty, Portrait ******** LIBERTY ******* 1796
One Dime 1797 Draped Bust 25,261 Liberty, Portrait ********* LIBERTY ******* 1797
One Dime 1798 Draped Bust 27,550 Liberty, Portrait ******* LIBERTY ****** 1798
One Dime 1800 Draped Bust 21,760 Liberty, Portrait ******* LIBERTY ****** 1800
One Dime 1801 Draped Bust 34,640 Liberty, Portrait ******* LIBERTY ****** 1801
One Dime 1802 Draped Bust 10,975 Liberty, Portrait ******* LIBERTY ****** 1802
One Dime 1803 Draped Bust 33,040 Liberty, Portrait ******* LIBERTY ****** 1803
One Dime 1804 Draped Bust 8,265 Liberty, Portrait ******* LIBERTY ****** 1804
One Dime 1805 Draped Bust 120,780 Liberty, Portrait ******* LIBERTY ****** 1805
One Dime 1807 Draped Bust 165,000 Liberty, Portrait ******* LIBERTY ****** 1807
One Dime 1809 Capped Bust 51,065 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1809
One Dime 1811 Capped Bust 65,180 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1811
One Dime 1814 Capped Bust 421,500 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1814
One Dime 1820 Capped Bust 942,587 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1820
One Dime 1821 Capped Bust 1,186,512 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1821
One Dime 1822 Capped Bust 100,000 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1822
One Dime 1823 Capped Bust 440,000 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1823
One Dime 1824 Capped Bust 100,000 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1824
One Dime 1825 Capped Bust 510,000 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1825
One Dime 1827 Capped Bust 1,215,000 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1827
One Dime 1828 Capped Bust 125,000 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1828
One Dime 1829 Capped Bust 770,000 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1829
One Dime 1830 Capped Bust 510,000 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1830
One Dime 1831 Capped Bust 771,350 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1831
One Dime 1832 Capped Bust 522,500 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1832
One Dime 1833 Capped Bust 485,000 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1833
One Dime 1834 Capped Bust 635,000 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1834
One Dime 1835 Capped Bust 1,410,000 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1835
One Dime 1836 Capped Bust 1,190,000 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1836
One Dime 1837 Capped Bust 359,500 Liberty, Portrait ************* 1837
One Dime 1837 Seated Liberty 682,500 Seated Liberty 1837
One Dime 1838 Seated Liberty 2,398,534 Seated Liberty ************* 1838
One Dime 1839 Seated Liberty 2,344,715 Seated Liberty ************* 1839
One Dime 1840 Seated Liberty 2,727,500 Seated Liberty ************* 1840
One Dime 1841 Seated Liberty 3,630,000 Seated Liberty ************* 1841
One Dime 1842 Seated Liberty 3,907,500 Seated Liberty ************* 1842
One Dime 1843 Seated Liberty 1,520,000 Seated Liberty ************* 1843
One Dime 1844 Seated Liberty 72,500 Seated Liberty ************* 1844
One Dime 1845 Seated Liberty 1,985,000 Seated Liberty ************* 1845
One Dime 1846 Seated Liberty 31,300 Seated Liberty ************* 1846
One Dime 1847 Seated Liberty 245,000 Seated Liberty ************* 1847
One Dime 1848 Seated Liberty 451,500 Seated Liberty ************* 1848
One Dime 1849 Seated Liberty 1,139,000 Seated Liberty ************* 1849
One Dime 1850 Seated Liberty 2,441,500 Seated Liberty ************* 1850
One Dime 1851 Seated Liberty 1,426,500 Seated Liberty ************* 1851
One Dime 1852 Seated Liberty 1,965,500 Seated Liberty ************* 1852
One Dime 1853 Seated Liberty 13,273,010 Seated Liberty *************←1853 →
One Dime 1854 Seated Liberty 6,240,000 Seated Liberty *************←1854 →
One Dime 1855 Seated Liberty 2,075,000 Seated Liberty *************←1855 →
One Dime 1856 Seated Liberty 7,030,000 Seated Liberty ************* 1856
One Dime 1857 Seated Liberty 7,120,000 Seated Liberty ************* 1857
One Dime 1858 Seated Liberty 1,890,000 Seated Liberty ************* 1858
One Dime 1859 Seated Liberty 970,000 Seated Liberty ************* 1859
One Dime 1860 Seated Liberty, with Stars 140,000 Seated Liberty ************* 1860
One Dime 1860 Seated Liberty, no Stars 647,000 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1860
One Dime 1861 Seated Liberty 2,056,500 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1861
One Dime 1862 Seated Liberty 1,028,300 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1862
One Dime 1863 Seated Liberty 171,960 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1863
One Dime 1864 Seated Liberty 241,470 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1864
One Dime 1865 Seated Liberty 186,000 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1865
One Dime 1866 Seated Liberty 143,725 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1866
One Dime 1867 Seated Liberty 146,625 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1867
One Dime 1868 Seated Liberty 724,600 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1868
One Dime 1869 Seated Liberty 706,600 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1869
One Dime 1870 Seated Liberty 521,500 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1870
One Dime 1871 Seated Liberty 1,247,810 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1871
One Dime 1872 Seated Liberty 2,621,930 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1872
One Dime 1873 Seated Liberty 4,432,691 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ←1873 →
One Dime 1874 Seated Liberty 3,190,817 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ←1874 →
One Dime 1875 Seated Liberty 24,065,700 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1875
One Dime 1876 Seated Liberty 30,141,150 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1876
One Dime 1877 Seated Liberty 17,350,510 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1877
One Dime 1878 Seated Liberty 1,878,000 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1878
One Dime 1879 Seated Liberty 15,100 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1879
One Dime 1880 Seated Liberty 37,335 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1880
One Dime 1881 Seated Liberty 24,975 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1881
One Dime 1882 Seated Liberty 3,911,100 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1882
One Dime 1883 Seated Liberty 7,675,712 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1883
One Dime 1884 Seated Liberty 3,931,349 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1884
One Dime 1885 Seated Liberty 2,577,117 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1885
One Dime 1886 Seated Liberty 6,584,094 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1886
One Dime 1887 Seated Liberty 15,738,389 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1887
One Dime 1888 Seated Liberty 7,216,487 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1888
One Dime 1889 Seated Liberty 8,353,389 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1889
One Dime 1890 Seated Liberty 11,334,617 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1890
One Dime 1891 Seated Liberty 23,046,716 Seated Liberty UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1891
One Dime 1892 Barber 16,953,655 Liberty, Barber UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1892
One Dime 1893 Barber 7,591,732 Liberty, Barber UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1893
One Dime 1894 Barber 2,050,996 Liberty, Barber UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1894
One Dime 1895 Barber 2,250,880 Liberty, Barber UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1895
One Dime 1896 Barber 3,186,580 Liberty, Barber UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1896
One Dime 1897 Barber 12,878,108 Liberty, Barber UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1897
One Dime 1898 Barber 20,153,242 Liberty, Barber UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1898
One Dime 1899 Barber 24,368,339 Liberty, Barber UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1899
One Dime 1900 Barber 24,779,182 Liberty, Barber UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1900
One Dime 1901 Barber 25,073,500 Liberty, Barber UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1901
One Dime 1902 Barber 27,950,777 Liberty, Barber UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1902
One Dime 1903 Barber 28,294,055 Liberty, Barber UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1903
One Dime 1904 Barber 15,401,027 Liberty, Barber UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1904
One Dime 1905 Barber 24,807,549 Liberty, Barber UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1905
Showing 1 to 100 of 111 Coins.
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One Dime 1820 Capped Bust: Details
CountryUnited States
CurrencyUS Dollar
Coin TypeOne Dime, Capped Bust
Issued1820
SymbolLiberty, Portrait
ReverseEagle
Face Value10 (x Cent)
Circulation Mintage942,587
Total Mintage942,587
CurrentNo
Material0.892 Silver
DesignerJohn Reich, William Kneass
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationCoin Alignment (Axis 6)
Size18.800 mm
Mass2.700 g
OCC IDDKLM-OMKC-PGGQ-ONZB
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One Dime 1820 Capped Bust: Photos
ImageDetails
Capped Bust Dime 1820 STATESOF
Copyright: PCGS
Notes: Words not separated in legend.
Source
Capped Bust Dime 1820 STATESOF
Copyright: PCGS
Source
Capped Bust Dime 1820 Small 0
Copyright: PCGS
Source
Capped Bust Dime 1820 Small 0
Copyright: PCGS
Notes: Small 0 in date.
Source
Capped Bust Dime 1820 Large 0
Copyright: PCGS
Source
Capped Bust Dime 1820 Large 0
Copyright: PCGS
Notes: Large 0 in date.
Source
One Dime 1820 Capped Bust: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsUnited States KM# 42