Kongo: Information

Coin Types
Kongo (1390 - 1914)

The Kingdom of Kongo (Kongo: Kongo dya Ntotila or Wene wa Kongo; Portuguese: Reino do Congo; now spelled with K to maintain distinction from the present-day Congo nations) was an African kingdom located in west central Africa in what is now northern Angola, Cabinda, the Republic of the Congo, the western portion of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, as well as the southernmost part of Gabon. At its greatest extent, it reached from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Kwango River in the east, and from the Congo River in the north to the Kwanza River in the south. The kingdom consisted of several core provinces ruled by the Manikongo, the Portuguese version of the Kongo title 'Mwene Kongo', meaning lord or ruler of the Kongo kingdom, but its sphere of influence extended to neighbouring kingdoms, such as Ngoyo, Kakongo, Ndongo and Matamba.

From c. 1390 to 1891 it was mostly an independent state. From 1891 to 1914 it was a vassal state of the Kingdom of Portugal. In 1914, the titular monarchy was forcibly abolished, following Portuguese victory against a Kongo revolt. The remaining territories of the kingdom were assimilated into the colony of Angola. The modern-day Bundu dia Kongo sect favors reviving the kingdom through secession from Angola, the Republic of the Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Gabon.

For local currency, the Kingdom of Kongo used cowry shells (Cypraea moneta) called locally nzimbu.

Kongo: List of Rulers.
Reign / RuleFromToCoins Issued
Manikongo Lukeni lua Nimi (King Lukeni lua Nimi) 1390 1420
Manikongo Nanga (King Nanga) 1420 1430
Manikongo Nlaza (King Nlaza) 1430 1450
Manikongo Nkuwu a Ntinu (King Nkuwu a Ntinu) 1450 1470
Manikongo Nzinga a Nkuwu (King João I) 1470 1509
Manikongo Mvemba a Nzinga (King Afonso I) 1509 1543
Manikongo Pedro I Nkanga a Mvemba (King Pedro I) 1543 1545
Manikongo Diogo I Nkumbi a Mpudi (King Diogo I) 1545 1561
Manikongo Afonso II Mpemba a Nzinga (King Afonso II Mpemba a Nzinga) 1561 1561
Manikongo Bernardo I (King Bernardo I) 1561 1567
Manikongo Henrique I Nerika a Mpudi (King Henrique I) 1567 1568
Manikongo Álvaro I Nimi a Lukeni lua Mvemba (King Álvaro I) 1568 March 1587
Manikongo Álvaro II Nimi a Nkanga (King Álvaro II) March 1587 9 August 1614
Manikongo Bernardo II Nimi a Nkanga (King Bernardo II) 12 August 1614 August 1615
Manikongo Álvaro III Nimi a Mpanzu (King Álvaro III) August 1615 4 May 1622
Manikongo Pedro II Nkanga a Mvika (King Pedro II) 26 May 1622 3 April 1624
Manikongo Garcia I Mvemba a Nkanga (King Garcia I) 27 April 1624 7 March 1626
Manikongo Ambrósio I Nimi a Nkanga (King Ambrósio I) March 1626 7 March 1631
Manikongo Álvaro IV Nzinga a Nkuwu (King Álvaro IV) 1631 24 February 1636
Manikongo Álvaro V Mpanzu a Nimi (King Álvaro V) 27 February 1636 14 August 1636
Manikongo Nimi a Lukeni a Nzenze a Ntumba (King Álvaro VI) 27 August 1636 22 January 1641
Manikongo Garcia II Nkanga a Lukeni a Nzenze a Ntumba (King Garcia II) 23 January 1641 1660
Manikongo António I Nvita a Nkanga (King António I) 1661 29 October 1665
Manikongo Afonso II (King Afonso II) November 1665 December 1665
Manikongo Álvaro VII Mpanzu-a-Mabondo (King Álvaro VII) December 1665 June 1666
Manikongo Álvaro VIII Mvemba a Mpanzu (King Álvaro VIII) June 1666 January 1669
Manikongo Garcia III Nkanga a Mvemba (King Garcia III in Kibangu) 1669 1685
Manikongo Pedro III Nsimba Ntamba (King Pedro III) January 1669 June 1669
Manikongo Álvaro IX Mpanzu a Ntivila (King Álvaro IX) June 1669 1670
Manikongo Rafael I Nzinga a Nkanga (King Rafael I) 1670 1673
Manikongo Afonso III Mvemba a Nimi (King Afonso III) 1673 1674
Manikongo Daniel I Miala mia Nzimbwila (King Daniel I) 1674 1678
Manikongo Manuel de Vuzi a Nóbrega (King Manuel de Vuzi a Nóbrega in Mbamba Lovata) 1678 1715
Manikongo João II Nzuzi a Ntamba (King João II in Lemba) 1680 1716
Manikongo André I Mvizi a Mkanga (King André I in Kibangu) 1685 1685
Manikongo Manuel Afonso Nzinga a Nlenke (King Manuel I in Kibangu) 1685 1688
Manikongo Álvaro X Nimi a Mvemba Água Rosada (King Álvaro X in Kibangu) 1688 December 1695
Manikongo Pedro IV Nusamu a Mvemba (King Pedro IV) December 1695 21 February 1718
Manikongo Manuel II Mpanzu a Nimi (King Manuel II) February 1718 21 April 1743
Manikongo Garcia IV Nkanga (King Garcia IV) 27 July 1743 31 March 1752
Manikongo Nicolau I Misaki mia Nimi (King Nicolau I) 27 August 1752 1759
Manikongo Afonso IV Nkanga a Nkanga (King Afonso IV) 1759 1760
Manikongo António II Mvita a Mpanzu (King António II) 1760 1761
Manikongo Sebastião I Nkanga kia Nkanga (King Sebastião I) 1761 1762
Manikongo Pedro V Ntivila a Nkanga (King Pedro V) 1763 1764
Manikongo Álvaro XI Nkanga a Nkanga (King Álvaro XI) May 1764 1778
Manikongo José I Mpasi a Nkanga (King José I) 1778 1785
Manikongo Afonso V (King Afonso V) 1785 1787
Manikongo Álvaro XII (King Álvaro XII) 1787 1790
Manikongo Aleixo I Mpanzu a Mbandu (King Aleixo I) 1790 1793
Manikongo Joaquim I (King Joaquim I) 1793 1794
Manikongo Henrique II (King Henrique II) 1794 1803
Manikongo Garcia V (King Garcia V) 1803 January 1830
Manikongo André II Mvizi a Lukeni (King André II) 1830 1842
Manikongo Henrique III Mpanzu a Nsindi a Nimi a Lukeni (King Henrique III) 1842 January 1857
Manikongo Álvaro XIII (King Álvaro XIII) January 1857 7 August 1859
Manikongo Pedro V (King Pedro V or VI) 7 August 1859 1 February 1891
Manikongo Álvaro XIV (King Álvaro XIV) February 1891 November 1896
Manikongo Pedro VI (King Pedro VI) November 1896 1910
Manikongo Manuel Nkomba (King Manuel Nkomba) 1910 1911
Manikongo Manuel III Afonso (King Manuel III) 1911 1914
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Kongo: Details
Official NameKingdom of Kongo
FlagFlag of Kongo
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