Two Francs, Coin Type from Switzerland - detailed information

Two Francs, Coin Type from Switzerland (issued 1850 - )
Coin TypeTwo Francs

The Two Francs coin is a circulating denomination of the Swiss Franc. Given that Switzerland has four official languages, its currency unit has three different names: Franken in German, franc in French and Romansh, and franco in Italian. Initially when federal Swiss coinage was introduced in 1850, all "francs" (including the half franc) were full-bodied silver, while the centimes were either billon (low-grade silver) or base metal.

The first version of the two francs coin featuring a seated figure of Helvetia was designed by Friedrich Fisch and engraved by Antoine Bovy. The reverse shows the value, a numeral 2, and a language-neutral abbreviation of the denomination, Fr. within a wreath whose left part consists of oak branches and the right part of various Alpine flowers. This original reverse has remained unchanged and is still used on current coins. This version was heavier than current coins (10 grams) and made of 0.900 silver. It was issued between 1850 and 1863 and was initially struck by the Paris Mint. It was demonetised in two stages - 1st January 1869 for coins issued 1850-1857, then 1st January 1878 for coins issued 1860-1863.

In 1874, the obverse was changed to a new design by Albert Walch featuring a Standing Helvetia. The metal was somewhat debased to 0.835 silver. This second version of the Two Francs coin was issued until 1967 and was demonetised on 1st April 1971.

Current Two Francs coins are made of cupro-nickel and weigh 8.8 grams; this version (retaining the original reverse and the second obverse) was first issued in 1968 and is still currently produced.

Obverse
Switzerland / Two Francs - obverse photo

The first version of the obverse (issued between 1850 and 1861) features a seated figure of Helvetia, the female personification of the Confederation of Switzerland, resting on a plough whose two handles are seen to her right, and some grains; with her left hand she holds a triangular shield resting on the ground which bears the Swiss Cross inside an oval; her right arm is extended toward the left side of the obverse, pointing into the distance. The legend HELVETIA is around above her head. The engraver's name A. BOVY is in large letters to her left, written counter-clockwise (i.e. the letters face the opposite way to the legend).

The second obverse (issued from 1874 to the present) features Helvetia standing on a platform, her head facing to the left. In her right hand (at the left), she holds a lance, and with her left (at the right), she props up a shield with the Swiss Cross at centre. In exergue is the legend HELVETIA. On all coins made from 1874 to 1982, there are 22 five-pointed stars along the rim of the coin, going from the lower left to lower right boundaries of the obverse. These represent the 19 full Swiss cantons of the time and the six half-cantons, which are collectively represented by the three remaining stars. However, when the Canton of Jura broke away from Bern in 1979, the number of stars was no longer accurate. As a result, a new star was added to the right of Helvetia's likeness in 1983. On examples of all dates, the tip of Helvetia's lance extends to the rim and separates the ninth and tenth stars in the sequence. Nine of the stars are engraved up to the lance, two between the lance and Helvetia's face, and 11 or 12 to the right of the central allegorical figure, depending on the year of issue.

The engraver's signature, A.BOVY INCT. (an abbreviation for the Latin text "Antoine Bovy incidit", meaning "engraved by Antoine Bovy), is located around below, displayed counter-clockwise in small letters. It is split in two by the legend: "A.BOVY" appears to the left of "HELVETIA", and "INCT." to the right.

Obverse InscriptionHELVETIA
Reverse
Switzerland / Two Francs - reverse photo

The reverse, which has remained unchanged since 1850, shows the value - a numeral 2, and a language-neutral abbreviation of the denomination, Fr., above the date: [year] within a wreath whose left part consists of oak branches and the right part of various Alpine flowers.

Below the ribbon of the wreath is the mint mark: the letter A for the Paris Mint (1850 and 1851) or the letter B for Swissmint (formerly known as the Bern Mint, then the Federal Mint of Switzerland) from 1874 until present, with the exception of the years between 1970 and 1985 (incl.) when there was no mint mark.

Reverse Inscription2 Fr. [year]
EdgeMilled
Edge InscriptionNone
All Coins of Type: Two Francs (105)
Coin NameMintageSymbolLegend
Two Francs 1850 2,500,000 Helvetia, Seated HELVETIA
Two Francs 1857 622 Helvetia, Seated HELVETIA
Two Francs 1860 2,001,000 Helvetia, Seated HELVETIA
Two Francs 1862 1,000,000 Helvetia, Seated HELVETIA
Two Francs 1863 500,000 Helvetia, Seated HELVETIA
Two Francs 1874 1,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1875 982,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1878 1,500,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1879 518,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1886 1,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1894 700,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1896 20 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1901 50,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1903 300,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1904 200,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1905 300,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1906 400,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1907 300,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1908 200,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1909 300,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1910 250,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1911 400,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1912 400,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1913 300,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1914 1,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1916 250,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1920 2,300,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1921 2,000,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1922 400,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1928 750,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1931 500,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1932 250,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1936 250,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1937 250,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1939 1,455,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1940 2,503,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1941 1,192,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1943 2,089,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1944 6,276,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1945 1,134,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1946 1,629,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1947 500,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1948 920,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1953 438,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1955 1,032,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1957 2,298,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1958 650,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1959 2,905,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1960 1,980,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1961 4,653,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1963 8,030,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1964 4,558,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1965 8,526,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1967 4,132,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1968 41,588,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1969 17,296,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1970 10,350,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1972 5,003,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1973 5,996,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1974 15,009,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1975 7,061,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1976 5,011,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1977 2,010,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1978 12,812,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1979 10,995,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1980 10,011,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1981 13,862,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1982 5,922,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1983 3,034,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1984 2,043,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1985 2,034,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1986 3,032,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1987 8,028,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1988 10,029,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1989 8,031,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1990 5,045,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1991 12,036,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1992 10,028,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1993 13,050,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1994 16,023,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1995 7,024,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1996 5,023,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1997 5,022,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1998 4,021,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 1999 3,021,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 2000 3,026,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 2001 4,028,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 2002 1,030,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 2003 1,028,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 2004 1,029,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 2005 2,029,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 2006 7,030,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 2007 16,028,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 2008 6,026,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 2009 8,026,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 2010 9,026,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 2011 7,026,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 2012 11,026,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 2013 12,023,500 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 2014 15,022,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 2015 11,026,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 2016 8,028,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 2017 7,029,500 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 2018 5,027,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs 2019 3,022,000 Helvetia, Standing HELVETIA
Two Francs: Details
CountrySwitzerland
CurrencySwiss Franc
Sub-types Two Francs, Seated Helvetia
Two Francs, Silver
Two Francs, CuproNickel
From1850
Face Value2 (x Franc)
CurrentYes
Material
DesignerFr. Fisch, A. Walch, A. Bovy
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationCoin Alignment (Axis 6)
Size (mm)
Mass (g)
Two Francs: Photos
ImageDetails
Switzerland 1857-B 2 francs
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki CC-BY
Notes: Reverse, silver (1850 - 1967).
Source
Coin, Switzerland, 2 Francs, 2005
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Notes: Reverse, copper-nickel (1968 - present).
Source
Switzerland 1857-B 2 francs
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki CC-BY
Notes: Seated Helvetia obverse (1850 - 1863).
Source
Switzerland 1904-B 2 francs
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki CC-BY
Notes: Standing Helvetia obverse, silver (1874 - 1967).
Source
Coin, Switzerland, 2 Francs, 2005
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Notes: Standing Helvetia obverse, copper-nickel (1968 - present).
Source