Information about effigy: American Heraldic Eagle

American Heraldic Eagle

The American Heraldic Eagle symbol is the main part of the obverse (or front) of the Great Seal of the United States, which displays the full achievement of the national coat of arms.

The Great Seal is a principal national symbol of the United States. The phrase is used both for the physical seal itself, which is kept by the United States Secretary of State, and more generally for the design impressed upon it. The obverse of the Great Seal depicts the national coat of arms of the United States.

First used in 1782, the seal is used to authenticate certain documents issued by the federal government of the United States. Since 1935, both sides of the Great Seal have appeared on the reverse of the one-dollar bill. The coat of arms is used on official documents - including United States passports - military insignia, embassy placards, and various flags. The Seal of the President of the United States is directly based on the Great Seal, and its elements are used in numerous government agency and state seals.

Today's official versions from the Department of State are largely unchanged from the 1885 designs. The current rendering of the reverse was made by Teagle & Little of Norfolk, Virginia, in 1972. It is nearly identical to previous versions, which in turn were based on Lossing's 1856 version.

The design has the Union Shield at centre, legally blazoned as "paleways of 13 pieces, argent and gules; a chief, azure" (thirteen vertical stripes, white and red, with a blue horizontal stripe on top). The supporter of the shield is a bald eagle with its wings outstretched (or "displayed", in heraldic terms). From the eagle's perspective, it holds a bundle of 13 arrows in its left talon, and an olive branch in its right talon. Although not specified by law, the olive branch is usually depicted with 13 leaves and 13 olives. In its beak, the eagle clutches a scroll with the motto E pluribus unum ("Out of Many, One"). Over its head there appears a "glory" with 13 mullets (stars) on a blue field.

The recurring number 13 refers to the 13 original states. The arrows and olive branch together symbolise that the United States has "a strong desire for peace, but will always be ready for war." The eagle has its head turned towards the olive branch, on its right side, to symbolize a preference for peace.

American Heraldic Eagle - showing 42 of 42 coins
NameMintageLegend
One Dime 1798 Draped Bust 27,550 ******* LIBERTY ****** 1798
One Dime 1800 Draped Bust 21,760 ******* LIBERTY ****** 1800
Half Dime 1800 Draped Bust 40,000 ******* LIBERTY ****** 1800
Half Dime 1801 Draped Bust 27,760 ******* LIBERTY ****** 1801
One Dime 1801 Draped Bust 34,640 ******* LIBERTY ****** 1801
Half Dime 1802 Draped Bust 3,060 ******* LIBERTY ****** 1802
One Dime 1802 Draped Bust 10,975 ******* LIBERTY ****** 1802
One Dime 1803 Draped Bust 33,040 ******* LIBERTY ****** 1803
Half Dime 1803 Draped Bust 37,850 ******* LIBERTY ****** 1803
One Dime 1804 Draped Bust 8,265 ******* LIBERTY ****** 1804
Quarter Dollar 1804 Draped Bust 6,738 ******* LIBERTY ****** 1804
Quarter Dollar 1805 Draped Bust 121,394 ******* LIBERTY ****** 1805
Half Dime 1805 Draped Bust 15,600 ******* LIBERTY ****** 1805
One Dime 1805 Draped Bust 120,780 ******* LIBERTY ****** 1805
Quarter Dollar 1806 Draped Bust 206,124 ******* LIBERTY ****** 1806
Quarter Dollar 1807 Draped Bust 220,643 ******* LIBERTY ****** 1807
One Dime 1807 Draped Bust 165,000 ******* LIBERTY ****** 1807
Quarter Dollar 1892 Barber 11,661,324 ****** IN GOD WE TRUST ******* 1892
Quarter Dollar 1893 Barber 10,295,350 ****** IN GOD WE TRUST ******* 1893
Quarter Dollar 1894 Barber 8,933,793 ****** IN GOD WE TRUST ******* 1894
Quarter Dollar 1895 Barber 9,021,561 ****** IN GOD WE TRUST ******* 1895
Quarter Dollar 1896 Barber 5,546,801 ****** IN GOD WE TRUST ******* 1896
Quarter Dollar 1897 Barber 10,097,760 ****** IN GOD WE TRUST ******* 1897
Quarter Dollar 1898 Barber 13,989,327 ****** IN GOD WE TRUST ******* 1898
Quarter Dollar 1899 Barber 15,976,846 ****** IN GOD WE TRUST ******* 1899
Quarter Dollar 1900 Barber 15,291,497 ****** IN GOD WE TRUST ******* 1900
Quarter Dollar 1901 Barber 10,577,477 ****** IN GOD WE TRUST ******* 1901
Quarter Dollar 1902 Barber 18,470,356 ****** IN GOD WE TRUST ******* 1902
Quarter Dollar 1903 Barber 14,296,064 ****** IN GOD WE TRUST ******* 1903
Quarter Dollar 1904 Barber 12,044,813 ****** IN GOD WE TRUST ******* 1904
Quarter Dollar 1905 Barber 8,082,250 ****** IN GOD WE TRUST ******* 1905
Quarter Dollar 1906 Barber 8,992,435 ****** IN GOD WE TRUST ******* 1906
Quarter Dollar 1907 Barber 15,536,575 ****** IN GOD WE TRUST ******* 1907
Quarter Dollar 1908 Barber 17,048,545 ****** IN GOD WE TRUST ******* 1908
Quarter Dollar 1909 Barber 16,442,650 ****** IN GOD WE TRUST ******* 1909
Quarter Dollar 1910 Barber 3,744,551 ****** IN GOD WE TRUST ******* 1910
Quarter Dollar 1911 Barber 5,642,143 ****** IN GOD WE TRUST ******* 1911
Quarter Dollar 1912 Barber 5,108,700 ****** IN GOD WE TRUST ******* 1912
Quarter Dollar 1913 Barber 1,975,413 ****** IN GOD WE TRUST ******* 1913
Quarter Dollar 1914 Barber 9,554,610 ****** IN GOD WE TRUST ******* 1914
Quarter Dollar 1915 Barber 7,878,450 ****** IN GOD WE TRUST ******* 1915
Quarter Dollar 1916 Barber 8,328,800 ****** IN GOD WE TRUST ******* 1916
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American Heraldic Eagle: Details
Year1782
CountryUnited States
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