Information about Symbol: Royal Arms of England

Royal Arms of England

The royal arms of England are the arms first adopted in a fixed form at the start of the age of heraldry as personal arms by the Plantagenet kings who ruled England from 1154. In the popular mind they have come to symbolise the nation of England, although according to heraldic usage nations do not bear arms, only persons and corporations do.

The blazon of the arms of Plantagenet is: "Gules, three lions passant guardant in pale or armed and langued azure", signifying three identical gold lions (also known as leopards) with blue tongues and claws, walking past but facing the observer, arranged in a column on a red background. Although the tincture azure of tongue and claws is not cited in many blazons, they are historically a distinguishing feature of the arms of England. This coat, designed in the High Middle Ages, has been variously combined with those of the Kings of France, Scotland, a symbol of Ireland, the House of Nassau and the Kingdom of Hanover, according to dynastic and other political changes occurring in England, but has not altered since it took a fixed form in the reign of King Richard I of England (1189 - 1199), the second Plantagenet king.

Although in England the official blazon refers to "lions", French heralds historically used the term "leopard" to represent the lion passant guardant, and hence the arms of England, no doubt, are more correctly blazoned, "leopards". Without doubt the same animal was intended, but different names were given according to the position; in later times the name lion was given to both.

Royal Arms of England - showing 20 of 20 coins
CountryNameMintageLegend
United Kingdom Shilling 1953 English 41,982,894 + ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA BRITT: OMN: REGINA
United Kingdom Shilling 1954 English 30,162,032 + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
United Kingdom Shilling 1955 English 45,259,908 + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
United Kingdom Shilling 1956 English 44,970,009 + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
United Kingdom Shilling 1957 English 42,774,217 + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
United Kingdom Shilling 1958 English 14,392,305 + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
United Kingdom Shilling 1959 English 19,442,778 + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
United Kingdom Shilling 1960 English 27,027,914 + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
United Kingdom Shilling 1961 English 39,816,907 + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
United Kingdom Shilling 1962 English 36,704,374 + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
United Kingdom Shilling 1963 English 44,714,000 + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
United Kingdom Shilling 1964 English 13,617,440 + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
United Kingdom Shilling 1965 English 11,236,000 + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
United Kingdom Shilling 1966 English 15,002,000 + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
United Kingdom Shilling 1970 English (Proof only) 750,476 + ELIZABETH · II DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
United Kingdom One Pound 1997 Three Lions 57,364,751 ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D · 1997
United Kingdom One Pound 2002 Three Lions 77,939,309 ELIZABETH · II · D · G REG · F · D · 2002
Gibraltar Gold Fifth-Ounce 2018 Royal Arms 5,000 ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REGINA · GIBRALTAR · 2 POUNDS ·
Gibraltar Gold Ounce 2018 Royal Arms 5,599 ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REGINA · GIBRALTAR · 5 POUNDS ·
Gibraltar Silver Ounce 2018 Royal Arms 52,099 ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REGINA · GIBRALTAR · 1 POUND ·
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Royal Arms of England: Details
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