Soho Mint was created by Matthew Boulton in 1788 in his Soho Manufactory in Handsworth, West Midlands, England. A mint was erected at the manufactory containing eight machines, to his own patent design, driven by steam engine, each capable of striking 70 to 84 coins per minute.
In 1797 the first, and only, copper twopenny and the first penny coins were produced under contract although the smaller denominations did not follow until later. These coins were comparatively large, having a broad raised rim with the inscription pressed below the surface and became known as the cartwheel pennies. Over 45 million were minted in two years.
In addition to copper domestic coins, silver coins were made for some of the colonies, and various medals and trade tokens were struck.
After the demise of the Soho Mint some of the machinery was bought at auction, in 1850, by the new Birmingham Mint of Ralph Heaton II.
|Great Britain||Pound Sterling (Great Britain)||Sixpence (Pattern)||1790||present|
|Ireland, Kingdom of||Irish Pound (Kingdom of Ireland)||Six Shillings||1804||1804|
|United Kingdom||Pound Sterling (pre-decimal)||Five Shillings||1804||1804|
|Bahamas, British Crown Colony||Bahamian Pound||Penny||1806||1806|
|Great Britain||1788||Halfpenny 1788 (Pattern)||unknown||No mint mark|
|Great Britain||1790||Sixpence 1790 (Pattern)||unknown||No mint mark|
|Madras Presidency||1797||Half Dub 1797||unknown||None|
|Great Britain||1799||Halfpenny 1799 (Pattern)||unknown||SOHO|
|Ireland, Kingdom of||1804||Six Shillings 1804||unknown||No mint mark|
|United Kingdom||1804||Five Shillings 1804||unknown||No mint mark|
|Bahamas, British Crown Colony||1806||Penny 1806||120,000||No mint mark|
|United Kingdom||1806||Penny 1806||unknown||SOHO|
|United Kingdom||1806||Halfpenny 1806||unknown||SOHO|
|United Kingdom||1806||Farthing 1806||unknown||SOHO|
|Bahamas, British Crown Colony||1807||Penny 1807 (proof only)||unknown||No mint mark|
|United Kingdom||1807||Penny 1807||unknown||SOHO|
|United Kingdom||1807||Halfpenny 1807||unknown||SOHO|
|United Kingdom||1807||Farthing 1807||unknown||SOHO|
|United Kingdom||1808||Penny 1808 (Proof only)||1||SOHO|
|Location||Handsworth, West Midlands|
|No mint mark|
No mint mark.
On British halfpenny and penny coins with the seated Britannia design, the Soho Mint had the word SOHO in tiny letters on the rock to the right of th figure.