Maximilian II, a member of the Austrian House of Habsburg, was Holy Roman Emperor from 1564 until his death. He was crowned King of Bohemia in Prague on 14 May 1562 and elected King of Germany (King of the Romans) on 24 November 1562. On 8 September 1563 he was crowned King of Hungary and Croatia in the Hungarian capital Pressburg (Pozsony in Hungarian; now Bratislava, Slovakia). On 25 July 1564 he succeeded his father Ferdinand I as ruler of the Holy Roman Empire.
Maximilian's rule was shaped by the confessionalization process after the 1555 Peace of Augsburg. Though a Habsburg and a Catholic, he approached the Lutheran Imperial estates with a view to overcome the denominational schism, which ultimately failed. He also was faced with the ongoing Ottoman-Habsburg wars and rising conflicts with his Habsburg Spain cousins.
According to Fichtner, Maximilian failed to achieve his three major aims: rationalizing the government structure, unifying Christianity, and evicting the Turks from Hungary.
His royal style was:
Maximilian II, by the grace of God elected Holy Roman Emperor, forever August, King in Germany, of Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, etc. Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, Brabant, Styria, Carinthia, Carniola, Luxemburg, Württemberg, the Upper and Lower Silesia, Prince of Swabia, Margrave of the Holy Roman Empire, Burgau, Moravia, the Upper and Lower Lusatia, Princely Count of Habsburg, Tyrol, Ferrette, Kyburg, Gorizia, Landgrave of Alsace, Lord of the Wendish March, Pordenone and Salins, etc. etc.
|Reigned as||In Country||From||To||Coins Issued|
|Maxmilián II. (King Maximilian II), Holy Roman Emperor||Bohemia||20 September 1562||12 October 1576|
|Maksimilijan I. (King Maximilian I), Holy Roman Emperor as Maximilian II||Croatia, Habsburg Kingdom of||8 September 1563||12 October 1576|
|Miksa (King Maximilian), Holy Roman Emperor as Maximilian II||Hungary, First Kingdom of||8 September 1563||12 October 1576|
|Erzherzog Maximilian II. (Archduke Maximilian II of Lower and Upper Austria), Holy Roman Emperor||Austria, Habsburg Monarchy||25 July 1564||12 October 1576|
|Emperor Maximilian II, Archduke of Lower and Upper Austria||Holy Roman Empire||25 July 1564||12 October 1576|