Australia: Coin Type One Cent - detailed information

Australia: Coin Type One Cent (issued 1966 - 1992)
Coin TypeOne Cent

The 1 cent coin was first introduced with decimalisation on 14 February 1966. The original reverse design remained unchanged during the existence of the denomination.

One cent coins were produced by the Royal Australian Mint, the Royal Mint branch in Melbourne, the Royal Mint branch in Perth and the Royal Mint in Llantrisant (Wales). Production of 1966-dated 1 cent coins commenced at the Royal Mint in Melbourne in 1964.

The cessation of issue of one and two cent coins was announced by the Treasurer in his Budget Speech of 21 August 1990. The decision was based on the loss of real purchasing power through inflation and the cost of minting of these coins. The accompanying Press Release noted that "...1c and 2c coins will continue to be legal tender: they can still be used to purchase goods and can be deposited with financial institutions in the normal manner". Both coins were withdrawn from circulation commencing in February 1992. They were never formally demonetised and still remain legal tender.

Composition: 97% copper, 2.5% zinc, 0.5% tin.

Obverse

Effigy of the ruling monarch, legend, date. Throughout the existence of the coin type, the monarch was Queen Elizabeth II.

The inclusion of an effigy of the Queen on the obverse of Australia's coinage is mandated by Regulation 4 (c) of the Currency Regulations made under the Currency Act 1965. Portraits of Her Majesty have all faced to the right in line with a convention, said to have commenced with Charles II (1660-1685), that the new Monarch's portrait would face in a direction opposite to that of their predecessor.

Obverse InscriptionELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA [year]
Reverse

A representation of a feather tailed glider designed and sculpted by Stuart Devlin. Slightly left of centre, the denomination 1 [cent]. Below the end of the glider's tail in (very) tiny letters, the designer's initials SD.

Reverse Inscription1
EdgePlain
Edge InscriptionNone
Notes

If you keep your coins in 2x2 cardboard holders, the best size for one cent coins is 20mm.

All Coins of Type: One Cent (32)
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
One Cent 1966 412,085,110 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1966
One Cent 1967 110,055,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1967
One Cent 1968 19,930,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1968
One Cent 1969 8,793,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1969
One Cent 1970 72,575,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1970
One Cent 1971 102,465,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1971
One Cent 1972 82,410,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1972
One Cent 1973 140,720,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1973
One Cent 1974 131,733,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1974
One Cent 1975 134,798,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1975
One Cent 1976 172,956,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1976
One Cent 1977 153,485,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1977
One Cent 1978 97,292,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1978
One Cent 1979 130,375,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1979
One Cent 1980 137,960,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1980
One Cent 1981 223,986,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1981
One Cent 1982 134,390,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1982
One Cent 1983 205,705,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1983
One Cent 1984 74,796,000 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1984
One Cent 1985 45,900,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1985
One Cent 1986 (mint sets only) 247,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1986
One Cent 1987 127,000,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1987
One Cent 1988 108,400,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1988
One Cent 1989 168,400,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1989
One Cent 1990 133,300,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1990
One Cent 1991 (mint sets only) 216,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 1991
One Cent 2006 (mint sets only) 84,407 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2006
One Cent 2006 (Silver, Second Portrait) 5,829 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2006
One Cent 2009 Decimal Pattern 7,500 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2009
One Cent 2011 (Silver) 6,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2011
One Cent 2012 (Gold) 2,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2012
One Cent 2016 (mint sets only) 10,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2016
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One Cent: Details
CountryAustralia
CurrencyAustralian Dollar
Sub-types One Cent (NCLT)
From1966
To1992
Face Value1 (x Cent)
CurrentYes
MaterialBronze
DesignerStuart Devlin
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
Size (mm)17.5300
Mass (g)2.5900
One Cent: Photos
ImageDetails
Australia, Elizabeth II, Cent, 1984
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
Australia, Elizabeth II, Cent, 1984
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source