Shilling - Ram's Head, Coin Type from Australia - detailed information

Shilling - Ram's Head, Coin Type from Australia (issued 1938 - 1963)
Coin TypeShilling - Ram's Head

The Australian Shilling is a silver coin which was used in the Commonwealth of Australia prior to decimalisation. It has the same dimensions and composition as the British pre-decimal shilling, from which it is derived (for a time, the coins circulated in parallel and were interchangeable in Australia - but not in the United Kingdom). A shilling is equal to 1/20th of a pound.

The reverse of the first type of Australian shilling coins featured the 1908 Coat of Arms. In 1938, this new design superseded it - featuring a merino ram's head; the old type of coins remained in circulation.

The coins were mostly struck by the Melbourne Mint, but during World War II its production was supplemented by coinage produced by the United States Mint:
- Melbourne Mint, 1938 - 1963, no mint mark
- United States Mint, San Francisco, 1942 - 1944, with S mint mark
- Perth Mint, 1946 only, dots before and after the denomination: .SHILLING. for mint mark

The coins were made of sterling silver (composition: 0.925 silver) until 1946; this was later debased to 50% silver while retaining the same design.

After decimalisation on 14 February 1966, the shilling was re-denominated as 10 cents and continued to circulate for a time, along with the new 10¢ coins which were the same size and weight (but made of copper-nickel). Even though they were practically withdrawn from circulation in 1966, the shilling coins were never formally demonetised and are still legal tender.

Obverse
Australia / Shilling - Ram's Head - obverse photo

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, legend (in Latin). Being a Dominion of the British Empire, Australia used the Imperial legend of the monarch and not a "home" version of it.

Throughout the existence of the coin type, the monarchs were:
- King George VI, 1938 - 1952, shown in his Bare Head portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget
- Queen Elizabeth II, 1953 - 1963, shown in her First Effigy by Mary Gillick

There were no coins released for King Edward VIII.

Obverse Inscription Legend of the ruling British monarch
Reverse
Australia / Shilling - Ram's Head - reverse photo

A merino ram's head facing three-quarters left; around above, AUSTRALIA; around below between two Federation stars, the denomination and date SHILLING · [year].

The artist's initials K·G (for [George] Kruger Gray) are in the field above the star on the right.

Reverse Inscription AUSTRALIA SHILLING · [year]
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Coin Type: Shilling - Ram's Head - (24) Coins
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Shilling 1937 (pattern) unknown None
Shilling 1938 1,484,250 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Shilling 1939 1,520,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Shilling 1940 760,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Shilling 1941 3,040,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Shilling 1942 5,380,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Shilling 1943 18,720,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Shilling 1944 22,576,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Shilling 1945 (not released) unknown King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Shilling 1946 11,388,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Shilling 1948 4,132,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Shilling 1950 7,188,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Shilling 1952 19,644,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Shilling 1953 12,204,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1954 16,188,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Shilling 1955 7,493,200 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA F: D:
Shilling 1956 6,065,500 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA F: D:
Shilling 1957 12,669,256 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA F: D:
Shilling 1958 7,413,506 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA F: D:
Shilling 1959 10,877,506 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA F: D:
Shilling 1960 14,513,509 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA F: D:
Shilling 1961 31,865,506 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA F: D:
Shilling 1962 6,594,016 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA F: D:
Shilling 1963 10,074,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA F: D:
Advertising
Bullion just a click away! SilverGoldBull.com
Bullion just a click away! SilverGoldBull.com
Shilling - Ram's Head: Details
CountryAustralia
CurrencyAustralian Pound
Sub-type ofShilling
From1938
To1963
Face Value1 (x Shilling)
CurrentNo; withdrawn 1966
MaterialSilver
DesignerGeorge Kruger Gray
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size23.500 mm
Mass5.650 g
Advertising
Buy coins at Amazon
Buy coins at Amazon