Threepence, Coin Type from British West Africa - detailed information

Threepence, Coin Type from British West Africa (issued 1913 - 1957)
Coin TypeThreepence

The British West African Pound was the currency of British West Africa, a group of British colonies, protectorates and mandate territories - Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Ghana (originally Gold Coast) and Gambia.

The British West African Pound was equal to the (pre-decimal) Pound Sterling and was similarly subdivided into 20 shillings, each of 12 pence. In other words, the threepence (or three pence) was thus equal to a quarter of a shilling or 1/80th of a pound (i.e., 80 of these coins made one pound).

Initially the coin was equivalent to its Imperial counterpart - the British Threepence - but was then debased much earlier than it.

There were three types issued:
- silver coins - 1913 - 1920 (first sterling, then debased in 1920), for King George V
- tin brass coins - 1920 - 1936, for King George V
- copper-nickel coins - 1938 - 1957, for King George VI and Queen Elizabeth II

No 3 pence coins were issued for King Edward VIII in British West Africa.

After decolonisation, the coins were replaced by the various new countries as they introduced their own independent currencies:
- Nigeria introduced the Nigerian Pound in 1958
- Ghana introduced in Ghanaian Pound in 1958
- British Cameroon (on unification with Cameroon) adopted the Central African CFA Franc in 1961
- Sierra Leone introduced the Leone in 1964
- Gambia introduced the Gambian Pound in 1965

In some places, British West African coins circulated in parallel with the new coinage until 1968.

Obverse
British West Africa / Threepence - obverse photo

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, legend.

Obverse InscriptionLegend of the ruling British monarch
Reverse
British West Africa / Threepence - reverse photo

Within an oak wreath tied with ribbon, the value and denomination in two lines: 3 PENCE; around, the legend BRITISH WEST AFRICA.

Below the wreath, the date [year].

The mint mark (if any) is between the wreath and the date.

Reverse Inscription3 PENCE BRITISH WEST AFRICA [year]
EdgePlain
Edge InscriptionNone
Notes

References to additional information:

[Book] Remick, Jerome. 1971. The Guide Book and Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins, pp 87-95.
[Book] Vice, David. 1983. The Coinage of British West Africa & St. Helena 1684 - 1958.

All Coins of Type: Threepence (27)
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Threepence 1913 736,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1914 1,560,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1915 270,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1916 820,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1917 3,600,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1918 1,722,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1919 19,826,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1920 (Silver) 3,616,029 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1920 (Brass) 19,000,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1925 8,800,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1926 1,600,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1927 800,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1928 1,760,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1933 2,800,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1934 6,400,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1935 11,560,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1936 20,198,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Threepence 1938 16,056,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
Threepence 1939 33,000,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
Threepence 1940 11,496,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
Threepence 1941 5,032,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
Threepence 1943 14,608,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
Threepence 1944 2,536,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
Threepence 1945 3,998,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
Threepence 1946 7,488,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
Threepence 1947 21,248,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
Threepence 1957 800,080 Portrait by Cecil Thomas QUEEN ELIZABETH THE SECOND
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Threepence: Details
CountryBritish West Africa
CurrencyBritish West African Pound
Sub-types Threepence, Silver
Threepence, Tin Brass
Threepence, CuproNickel
From1913
To1957
Face Value3 (x Penny)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1968)
Material
Designer
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size (mm)
Mass (g)
Threepence: Photos
ImageDetails
Coin - 3 Pence, British West Africa, 1913
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Silver (1913 - 1920).
Source
Proof Coin - 3 Pence, British West Africa, 1925
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Tin brass (1920 - 1936).
Source
British West Africa 1938-KN 3 pence
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: CuproNickel (1938 - 1957).
Source
Coin - 3 Pence, British West Africa, 1913
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George V, in silver (1913 - 1920).
Source
Proof Coin - 3 Pence, British West Africa, 1925
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George V, in tin brass (1920 - 1936).
Source
British West Africa 1938-KN 3 pence
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: King George VI (1938 - 1947).
Source
British West Africa 1957-H 3 pence
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II (1957).
Source