Two Rand, Commemorative, Coin Type from South Africa - detailed information

Two Rand, Commemorative, Coin Type from South Africa (issued 2004 - )
Coin TypeTwo Rand, Commemorative

The Rand currency was introduced in the then Union of South Africa on 14 February 1961, shortly before the establishment of the Republic on 31 May 1961. The Two Rand coin was initially a gold bullion coin equal to the earlier gold pound, which was itself equal to a British sovereign (minted, among others, at the Pretoria branch of the Royal Mint - now the South African Mint, until 1932).

Nickel-plated copper Two Rand coins started to be issued for regular circulation in 1989. From time to time, the South African Reserve Bank also issues commemorative Two Rand coins such as those listed below.

Note that there are also silver one-ounce coins ("Crowns") denominated as Two Rands.

Obverse
South Africa / Two Rand, Commemorative - obverse photo

Within a recessed square with rounded corners, the obverse of the coin displays the Coat of Arms of South Africa at its centre, as adopted on Freedom Day 27 April 2000.

The Coat of Arms is a series of elements organised in distinct symmetric egg-like or oval shapes placed on top of one another. The completed structure combines the lower and higher oval shape in a symbol of infinity. The path that connects the lower edge of the scroll, through the lines of the tusks, with the horizon above and the sun rising at the top, forms the shape of the cosmic egg from which the secretary bird rises. In the symbolic sense, this is the implied rebirth of the spirit of the great and heroic nation of South Africa.

The motto in the semicircle around below, ǃKE E꞉ ǀXARRA ǁKE, is written in the Khoisan language of the ǀXam people and translates literally to "diverse people unite".

Below the Coat of Arms, the initials of the engraver: ALS (for Arthur Sutherland).

Above the Coat of Arms, the date [year]. Vertically to left and right, the legend "South Africa" written in two of the eleven official languages of the country. There is a system of rotation whereby the inscriptions alternate each year.

Obverse Inscription SOUTH AFRICA [year]
Reverse
South Africa / Two Rand, Commemorative - reverse photo

Various designs as individually described below.

Reverse Inscription 2 RAND
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
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Two Rand, Commemorative: Details
CountrySouth Africa
CurrencyRand
Sub-type ofTwo Rand
From2004
Face Value2 (x Rand)
CurrentYes
MaterialNickel-plated Copper
DesignerArthur Sutherland
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size23.000 mm
Thickness1.750 mm
Mass5.500 g