Five Centimes (Rappen), Brass, Coin Type from Switzerland - detailed information

Five Centimes (Rappen), Brass, Coin Type from Switzerland (issued 1918 - 1918)
Coin TypeFive Centimes (Rappen), Brass

The Five Centimes coin is currently the smallest circulating denomination of the Swiss Franc, after the One Centime and Two Centimes denominations were demonetised in 2007 and 1978 respectively. Given that Switzerland has four official languages, the sub-unit of the Franc has four different names; it is centime (c.) in French, Rappen (Rp.) in German, centesimo (ct.) in Italian and rap (rp.) in Romansh. Some English-language catalogues call the coin a "5 Rappen" coin, but the English-language publications of the Swiss National Bank and Swissmint prefer the word "5 centimes".

Coins of the 5 centime (Rappen) denomination went through several transformations in their history. The first version of the coin was designed by Carl Friedrich Voigt and featured the Swiss Coat of Arms on the obverse. It was made of billon (low-grade silver alloy) and was demonetised in 1886.

In 1879, a second version of the denomination was released. The obverse was changed to a design by Karl Schwenzer featuring the effigy of Libertas; the metal was changed to copper-nickel and the coin became slightly heavier. The reverse retained the original design; it shows the value (only a numeral, no text) within a wreath of grape leaves and grapes. This original reverse has remained unchanged and is still used on current coins.

The second version was issued for over 100 years until 1980, with the exception of 1918 when it was struck in brass, and the period between 1932 - 1939 and 1941 when it was struck in nickel).

In 1918 only (this third version), the alloy used was brass with composition of 60% copper and 40% zinc. This one-year type circulated for less than six years and was demonetised on 1st January 1924.

Obverse
Switzerland / Five Centimes (Rappen), Brass - obverse photo

The obverse features an effigy of Libertas, the Roman goddess and embodiment of Liberty. It depicts a female head looking right, with a ribbon in her hair, wearing a diadem with the text LIBERTAS on it. Around, the legend · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · (translated from Latin: Swiss Federation), separated from the date 1918 below by quatrefoils (flower shape with four leaves) for dots.

Obverse Inscription· CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · 1918
Reverse
Switzerland / Five Centimes (Rappen), Brass - reverse photo

The reverse shows the value 5 (only a numeral, no text) within a wreath of grape leaves and grapes. This original reverse has remained unchanged since 1850 to present.

The mint mark B of the Swissmint (earlier known as the Bern Mint or the Federal Mint of Switzerland) is under the ribbon tying the wreath.

Reverse Inscription5
EdgePlain
Edge InscriptionNone
All Coins of Type: Five Centimes (Rappen), Brass (1)
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Five Centimes (Rappen), Brass: Details
CountrySwitzerland
CurrencySwiss Franc
Sub-type ofFive Centimes (Rappen)
From1918
To1918
Face Value5 (x Centime)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1924)
MaterialBrass
DesignerCarl Friedrich Voigt, Karl Schwenzer
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size (mm)17.1500
Thickness (mm)1.2500
Mass (g)2
Five Centimes (Rappen), Brass: Photos
ImageDetails
Switzerland 2 Rappen 1918
Copyright: numis-kimel
Source
Switzerland 2 Rappen 1918
Copyright: numis-kimel
Source