Halfcrown King William IV, Coin Type from United Kingdom - detailed information

Halfcrown King William IV, Coin Type from United Kingdom (issued 1831 - 1837)
Coin TypeHalfcrown King William IV

The halfcrown (or half crown) was a denomination of the pre-decimal Pound Sterling coinage worth one-eighth of a pound, or two and a half shillings (a full crown being defined as five shillings), or 30 pence. In sums, it was abbreviated "2/6" (pronounced "two and six" - two shillings and six pence, a full shilling being twelve pence). The half crown was first issued in 1549 in the reign of King Edward VI.

This type of halfcrown coins was struck during the reign of King William IV. Its reverse design is by Jean Baptiste Merlen, who also designed the earlier halfcrowns issued for King George IV.

After the king's death in 1837, the design was replaced by Queen Victoria's halfcrown; the practice of the time was to re-design the coinage for a new monarch's reign.

The composition is Sterling Silver (0.925 silver) and the coins have 0.4205 oz ASW (ounces of Absolute Silver Weight). The half crown was demonetised (ahead of other pre-decimal coins) on 1 January 1970, the year before the United Kingdom adopted decimal currency.

Obverse
United Kingdom / Halfcrown King William IV - obverse photo

Within a beaded border, the obverse of the coin shows the bare (uncrowned) head of King William IV facing right (his effigy by William Wyon). Incuse on the neck truncation are the artist's initials, WW.

Around, the monarch's legend: GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:, abbreviated from GULIELMUS IIII DEI GRATIA BRITANNIARUM REX FIDEI DEFENSOR. Translated from Latin: William the Fourth, by the Grace of God, King of the Britains, Defender of the Faith.

Obverse Inscription GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Reverse
United Kingdom / Halfcrown King William IV - reverse photo

The reverse of the coin shows the mantled (surrounded by drapery) shield bearing the Royal Arms of the United Kingdom. The shield is quartered, depicting in the first and fourth quarters the three passant guardant lions of England; in the second, the rampant lion and double tressure flory-counterflory of Scotland; and in the third, a harp for Ireland. At centre, an escutcheon of the arms of the Kingdom of Hanover, of which King William IV was King as Wilhelm IV.; its shield is crowned with the Crown of Charlemagne.

The shield is surmounted by St Edward's Crown, named after Saint Edward the Confessor, one of the last Anglo-Saxon kings of England. It has been traditionally used to crown English and British monarchs at their coronations since the 13th century, with a two-century gap between 1689 and 1911 so King William IV was not himself crowned with it.

Below the shield is visible part of the chain, and the pendant (depicting St George slaying the dragon) of The Order of the Garter.

Around below, the date of issue ANNO [year] ("anno" means "year" in Latin).

Reverse Inscription ANNO [year]
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Advertising
UK coin dealer supplying high quality and carefully graded antique coins to the discerning collector
UK coin dealer supplying high quality and carefully graded antique coins to the discerning collector
Halfcrown King William IV: Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Sub-type ofHalfcrown
From1831
To1837
Face Value2 1/2 (x Shilling)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1970)
Material0.925 Silver
DesignerJean Baptiste Merlen
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationCoin Alignment (Axis 6)
Size32.0000 mm
Mass14.1380 g
Halfcrown King William IV: Photos
ImageDetails
Great Britain 1831 half crown
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Proof.
Source
Great Britain 1831 half crown
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Proof.
Source