Halfcrown King George IV, Third Issue, Coin Type from United Kingdom - detailed information

Halfcrown King George IV, Third Issue, Coin Type from United Kingdom (issued 1824 - 1829)
Coin TypeHalfcrown King George IV, Third Issue

The halfcrown (or half crown) was a denomination of the pre-decimal Pound Sterling coinage worth one-eighth of a pound, or two and a half shillings (a full crown being defined as five shillings), or 30 pence. In sums, it was abbreviated "2/6" (pronounced "two and six" - two shillings and six pence, a full shilling being twelve pence). The half crown was first issued in 1549 in the reign of King Edward VI.

This third type of halfcrown coins struck during the reign of King George IV was issued between 1824 and 1829. Its reverse design by Jean Baptiste Merlen is more ornate than that of the earlier types; the obverse has a new portrait of the king, also by Merlen.

After the king's death in 1830, the design was replaced by King William IV's halfcrown ; the practice of the time was to re-design the coinage for a new monarch's reign. At this time, the designs of the halfcrown and the smaller denominations started to diverge - earlier, the halfcrown, shilling and sixpence looked identical but with this issue they became different.

The composition is Sterling Silver (0.925 silver) and the coins have 0.4205 oz ASW (ounces of Absolute Silver Weight). The half crown was demonetised (ahead of other pre-decimal coins) on 1 January 1970, the year before the United Kingdom adopted decimal currency.

Obverse
United Kingdom / Halfcrown King George IV, Third Issue - obverse photo

Within a beaded border, the obverse of the coin depicts the bare head of King George IV facing left (effigy by William Wyon).

Around above, part of the monarch's legend GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA - translated from Latin, George the Fourth, by the Grace of God. The rest of the legend is on the reverse.

Below the effigy, the date: · [year] ·.

Obverse Inscription GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA · [year] ·
Reverse
United Kingdom / Halfcrown King George IV, Third Issue - reverse photo

The reverse of the coin shows the garnished (ornate) shield bearing the Royal Arms of the United Kingdom. The shield is quartered, depicting in the first and fourth quarters the three passant guardant lions of England; in the second, the rampant lion and double tressure flory-counterflory of Scotland; and in the third, a harp for Ireland. At centre, an escutcheon of the arms of the Kingdom of Hanover, of which King George IV was King as Georg IV. Augustus Friedrich; its shield is crowned with the Crown of Charlemagne.

The shield is surmounted by a crowned helmet with lambrequins (drapery). The crown on top is St Edward's Crown, named after Saint Edward the Confessor, one of the last Anglo-Saxon kings of England. It has been traditionally used to crown English and British monarchs at their coronations since the 13th century, with a two-century gap between 1689 and 1911 so King George IV was not himself crowned with it.

Below the shield, on a scroll the motto of the British monarch DIEU ET MON DROIT ("God and my right").

Around above, the continuation of the monarch's legend: BRITANNIARUM REX FID: DEF: (King of the Britains, Defender of the Faith).

Reverse Inscription BRITANNIARUM REX FID: DEF:
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Advertising
Buy American Gold Eagle Coins
Buy American Gold Eagle Coins
Halfcrown King George IV, Third Issue: Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Sub-type ofHalfcrown
From1824
To1829
Face Value2 1/2 (x Shilling)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1970)
Material0.925 Silver
DesignerJean Baptiste Merlen
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationCoin Alignment (Axis 6)
Size32.0000 mm
Mass14.1380 g
Halfcrown King George IV, Third Issue: Photos
ImageDetails
Great Britain 1825 half crown
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Source
Great Britain 1825 half crown
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Source