Penny, Britannia fourth design, Coin Type from United Kingdom - detailed information

Penny, Britannia fourth design, Coin Type from United Kingdom (issued 1895 - 1970)
Coin TypePenny, Britannia fourth design

The British pre-decimal penny coin, abbreviated as 1d (from "denarius" - the Roman coin from which the penny is directly descended), was a unit of currency that equalled one two-hundred-and-fortieth of a pound sterling (there were 20 shillings to a pound, and 12 pence to a shilling so one pound was equal to 240 pence).

The denomination continues the tradition of earlier penny coins of Great Britain, which also featured the figure of Britannia. The bronze coins of these specifications replaced the larger copper pennies which were issued until 1860. The new, more durable, alloy was composed of 95 parts of copper, four of tin and one of zinc. Between 1860 and 1895, the penny had the third Britannia design on the reverse, and Queen Victoria's "Bun Head" effigy. In 1895, the reverse was updated to this fourth Britannia design - which is a simplified version of the earlier design by Leonard Charles Wyon, and the obverse to the Queen's "Veiled Head" portrait. Unlike the smaller denominations, which were redesigned for the new coinage of King George VI in 1937 (see the Ship Halfpenny and the Wren Farthing), the penny did not get a new design and retained the classic Britannia reverse until the end.

During the reign of King George V, the mint had issues with the monarch's portrait by Sir Bertram Mackennal. Many of the bronze blanks used for the coins were produced by private firms in Birmingham. A great deal of difficulty was encountered in striking coins of this design. The high relief portrait caused a displacement of metal, called "ghosting", that showed through on the reverse side as an incuse outline of the head. A new bronze alloy was adopted in 1923 in an effort to remedy the situation. It consisted of 95.5 per cent copper, 3 per cent tin and 1.5 per cent zinc. This alloy has a more golden tint than the former one. It lessened the hardness, enabling the coins to be more easily struck and lengthened the life of the dies. During 1925 the features of the design were slightly modified to further help eliminate the "ghosting", but this fault was not fully corrected until 1928 when a new design, with a smaller head, was introduced. The coins with the modified effigy from late 1925 and thereafter all have the designer’s initials in small letters without periods.

The coins remained in circulation until "Decimal Day", 15 February 1971 when the old currency was demonetised and the decimal Pound Sterling was introduced, with a new decimal penny replacing these coins at a ratio of one new penny to 2.4 of the old ones.

Obverse
United Kingdom / Penny, Britannia fourth design - obverse photo

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, legend in Latin. During the existence of this coin type, pennies were issued for:

- Queen Victoria (1895 - 1901)
- King Edward VII (1902 - 1910)
- King George V (1911 - 1936)
- King George VI (1937 - 1952)
- Queen Elizabeth II (1953 - 1970)

Obverses used, and obverse varieties (as per Freeman):

Obverse 1 (Queen Victoria) (1895 - 1901)
Effigy known as the "Veiled head" or "Old head": crowned bust of Queen Victoria facing left wearing a veil over the back of the crown, pearl necklace and a pendant; on the left lapel of the mantle, exhibited full-face, is the ribbon and Star of the Garter, part of the outer edge of which is covered by the veil; around, the legend VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·; in the field below the bust in small letters, the artist's initials, T.B. (for Thomas Brock).

Obverse 1 (King Edward VII) (1902 - 1908)
Bare head of King Edward VII facing right; below in small letters the designer's initials De S. (for G.W. De Saulles, Mint Engraver); around, the monarch's legend EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:.

Obverse 1* (King Edward VII) (1908)
As Obverse 1 (King Edward VII), bust in high relief but with different alignment of legend. The distance from the centre of the top of the second "T" in BRITT to that of the "O" in OMN is 2.75 mm. The "G" in GRA slopes anti-clockwise.

Obverse 2 (King Edward VII) (1908 - 1910)
Similar to Obverse 1 (King Edward VII) but parts of the legend are closer together; the colon after BRITT is only 0.5 mm from the "O" in OMN. The bust is in slightly higher relief than before.

Obverse 1 (King George V) (1911 - 1913)
Bare head of King George V facing left; below on neck truncation in small letters, the designer's initials B.M. (for Sir Bertram MacKennal); around, the monarch's legend GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:.

Obverse 2 (King George V) (1913 - 1920)
As Obverse 1 (King George V) but there is less space between GRA: and BRITT. The colon after IMP does not align with a border tooth.

Obverse 3 (King George V) (1920 - 1926)
Similar to Obverse 2 (King George V), but the head and legend are in slightly lower relief; the tip of the truncation is sharper and curves forwards more. The words GRA and BRITT in the legend are farther apart than before. The colon after IMP aligns with a border tooth.

Obverse 4 (King George V) (1926 - 1927)
This is the so-called "Modified effigy". The King's hair is depicted by faintly incuse lines, the eyelid curves downwards to the right where previously it was straight, and there is a pupil to the eye. The designer's initials are BM (without stops), smaller than before and faintly struck.

Obverse 5 (King George V) (1928 - 1936)
The portrait is very similar to that of Obverse 4 but is much smaller. The legend is almost continuous around the head, with larger spaces between words. The bust is in slightly higher relief than before, with the hair more deeply engraved.

Obverse 1 (King George VI) (1937)
Bare head of King George VI facing left; below the neck in small letters, the designer's initials HP (for Thomas Humphrey Paget); around, the monarch's legend GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP..

Obverse 2 (King George VI) (1937 - 1948)
Similar to Obverse 1 (King George VI) but the border teeth have been slightly rearranged so that now the vertical stroke of "P" in IMP points slightly to the right of a border tooth, whereas before it pointed directly to it.

Obverse 3 (King George VI) (1949 - 1952)
Similar to Obverses 1 and 2 but the "IND : IMP." (Emperor of India) part is omitted from the legend due to the Independence of India. "F : D :" (Defender of the Faith) has been extended to "FIDEI DEF" (abbreviated from FIDEI DEFENSOR). Thus, the full legend now reads GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF..

Obverse 1 (Queen Elizabeth II) (1953)
Laureate bust of Queen Elizabeth II facing right (effigy by Mary Gillick known as the "First portrait"); the designer's initials, M.G., appear incuse, very faintly, on the base of the truncation. The monarch's legend ELIZABETH II DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REGINA F: D: + runs continuously all around the bust. The border dots are almost circular.

Obverse 1* (Queen Elizabeth II) (1953)
As Obverse 1 (Queen Elizabeth II) but with a toothed border.

Obverse 2 (Queen Elizabeth II) (1954)
Similar to Obverse 1 (Queen Elizabeth II) but the details of the bust are more deeply engraved and the legend now reads ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D : +. The bust is 21 mm in depth.

Obverse 3 (Queen Elizabeth II) (1961 - 1967)
Similar to Obverse 2 (Queen Elizabeth II) but the bust is 22.5 mm in depth, the head now being situated farther from the cross.

Obverse Inscription Legend of the ruling monarch
Reverse
United Kingdom / Penny, Britannia fourth design - reverse photo

The reverse of the coin shows, within a beaded border, the figure of Britannia - the female personification of Great Britain - seated facing right, wearing a crested Corinthian helmet pushed back to reveal her face and a flowing dress, resting her right hand on a shield bearing the combined crosses of the Union Flag, and holding a trident in her left hand.

In the background, sea waves; in 1937 and later - at left, a lighthouse.

Around left and right, the denomination ONE PENNY. In exergue, the date.

Freeman describes the following varieties of the reverse:

Reverse A (Queen Victoria) (1895)
Unlike the earlier (third) design, there is no lighthouse or ship in the background. There is an area of sea only to the right of Britannia, up to the height of the rock (hence the variety is also known as "Low Tide"). The "P" of "PENNY" is 2 mm from the nearest point of the trident head.

Reverse B (Queen Victoria) (1895 - 1901)
Similar to Reverse A (Queen Victoria) but the letters are farther apart from each other. "N" in "ONE" is mis-aligned. The sea level to the right of Britannia is higher (hence the variety is also known as "High Tide"). There is also a small area of sea to the left. The "P" of "PENNY" is 1 mm from the nearest point of the trident head.

Reverse C (Queen Victoria) (1897)
Similar to Reverse B (Queen Victoria) but the sea level at the foot of Britannia is higher (4.15 mm from the exergue line), hence the variety is called "High sea level" in catalogues. The shield rim almost touches the border. The letter "E" in PENNY is mis-aligned.

Reverse A (King Edward VII) (1902)
As Reverse B (Queen Victoria).

Reverse B (King Edward VII) (1902 - 1905)
Similar to Reverse A (King Edward VII) but the sea level to the right of Britannia is 4.4 mm from the exergue line (hence known as "High tide").

Reverse C (King Edward VII) (1905 - 1908)
Similar to Reverse B (King Edward VII) but the "E" of "PENNY has been turned in clockwise direction. Often this is combined with "ghosting" of the coin.

Reverse D (King Edward VII) (1908 - 1909)
More deeply engraved than before. Saint George's cross on the shield has a raised outline to the flat sections. The waves along the exergue line are clearer and more curved. The lower end of the plume of Britannia's helmet is divided into two sections.

Reverse E (King Edward VII) (1909, 1910)
Similar to Reverse D (King Edward VII) but the waves have been more finely cut. The exergue is slightly smaller. The first numeral 1 is centrally situated above a tooth unlike on Reverse D.

Reverse A (King George V) (1911 - 1913)
As Reverse E (King Edward VII) but date numerals are slightly larger and more widely spaced.

Reverse B (King George V) (1913 - 1926)
As Reverse A (King George V) but the design is slightly reduced in size and the rim is thicker. The date numerals are closer to one another. There are more teeth to the border.

Reverse C (King George V) (1922, 1927 - 1936)
The shield is held closer to Britannia, and there is therefore more sea line visible to the left. The waves are more sharply cut. The distance from the centre of the exergue line to the edge of the coin is 3.5 mm, where it was between 2.75 mm and 3 mm before. Britannia's thumb is farther from the cross. The lettering is slightly thicker, and the border teeth are larger, fewer and more sharply defined than before.

Reverse A (King George VI) (1937)
Similar to earlier reverses; the sea level, if continued, would pass through a border tooth; the right vertical limb of the second "N" in PENNY points directly to a border tooth.

Reverse B (King George VI) (1937 - 1940)
Similar to Reverse A (King George VI) but the date numerals and the helmet plumes are slightly more slender. The right vertical limb of each of the "N"s in PENNY points between two border teeth. The sea level, if continued, would pass above a border tooth. There again a is a lighthouse in the background at left, like in the Third design but unlike pennies between 1895 and 1936.

Reverse C (King George VI) (1940 - 1951)
Similar to Reverse B (King George VI) but the exergue line is double. The wave are more sharply defined and are separate from the exergue line.

Reverse A (Queen Elizabeth II) (1953)
As Reverse C (King George VI).

Reverse B (Queen Elizabeth II) (1953)
Similar to Reverse A (Queen Elizabeth II) but the border is of almost circular dots. The figure of Britannia measures 22.9 mm from the top of the helmet plume to the exergue line.

Reverse C (Queen Elizabeth II) (1954)
As Reverse B (Queen Elizabeth II) but the figure of Britannia measures 23.25 mm from the top of the helmet plume to the exergue line.

Reverse D (Queen Elizabeth II) (1961)
Similar to Reverse B (Queen Elizabeth II) but the exergue line has an incuse line above it. The waves have been recut with incuse lines. The border dots have been rearranged so that the right limb of the "N" in ONE points between two border dots, whereas it pointed directly to a dot before.

Reverse E (Queen Elizabeth II) (1962)
The whole design, except for the sea, is sharper. The 9 in the date is in line with the other numerals. The rim is thicker.

Reverse F (Queen Elizabeth II) (1963)
Similar to Reverse E (Queen Elizabeth II) but Britannia is 23.2 mm from helmet to exergue. The rim is much thinner.

Reverse G (Queen Elizabeth II) (1964)
Similar to Reverse E (Queen Elizabeth II) but the waves have been recut and are more sharply depicted. The rim is intermediate in thickness between those on Reverses E and F.

Reverse H (Queen Elizabeth II) (1965)
Similar to Reverse G (Queen Elizabeth II) but the waves have again been recut and are sharper.

Reverse I (Queen Elizabeth II) (1966)
Similar to Reverse H (Queen Elizabeth II) but once again the waves have been recut slightly more sharply.

Reverse J (Queen Elizabeth II) (1967)
Similar to Reverse I (Queen Elizabeth II) but the waves have been recut again and are extremely sharp. The sea level line is in high relief.

Reverse Inscription ONE PENNY [year]
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

References to additional information:

[Book] Bressett, Kenneth E. 1962. A Guidebook of English Coins, Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Wisconsin, USA. pp 31-40
[Book] Freeman, Michael J. 1970. The Bronze Coinage of Great Britain. Motherwell, Scotland. (2016 ed. pp48-73)
[Book] Remick, Jerome. 1971. The Guide Book and Catalogue to British Commonwealth Coins., pp 202-206

Coin Type: Penny, Britannia fourth design - (62) Coins
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Penny 1895 5,395,830 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Penny 1896 24,147,156 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Penny 1897 20,756,620 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Penny 1898 14,296,836 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Penny 1899 26,441,069 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Penny 1900 31,778,109 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Penny 1901 22,205,568 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Penny 1902 26,976,768 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1903 21,415,296 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1904 12,913,152 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1905 17,783,808 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1906 37,989,504 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1907 47,322,240 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1908 31,506,048 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1909 19,617,024 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1910 29,549,184 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1911 23,079,168 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1912 65,106,048 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1913 65,497,872 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1914 50,820,997 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1915 47,310,807 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1916 86,411,165 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1917 107,905,436 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1918 87,888,172 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1919 118,970,690 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1920 124,693,485 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1921 129,717,693 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1922 16,346,711 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1926 4,498,519 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1927 60,989,561 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1928 50,178,000 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1929 49,132,800 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1930 29,097,600 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1931 19,843,200 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1932 8,277,600 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1933 7 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1934 13,965,600 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1935 56,070,000 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1936 134,160,000 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Penny 1937 George VI 109,058,406 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1938 121,560,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1939 55,560,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1940 42,284,400 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1944 42,600,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1945 79,531,200 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1946 66,855,600 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1947 52,220,400 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1948 63,961,200 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Penny 1949 14,324,400 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Penny 1950 257,513 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Penny 1951 140,000 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Penny 1952 1 King George VI - Bare Head GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Penny 1953 1,348,400 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH II DEI GRA : BRITT : OMN : REGINA F : D :
Penny 1954 1 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Penny 1961 39,703,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Penny 1962 137,640,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Penny 1963 134,013,600 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Penny 1964 144,462,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Penny 1965 135,534,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Penny 1966 157,430,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Penny 1967 164,000,000 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Penny 1970 (Proof only) 750,476 Queen Elizabeth II - First Portrait + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
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Penny, Britannia fourth design: Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Sub-type ofPenny (Pre-decimal)
From1895
To1970
Face Value1 (x Penny)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1971)
MaterialBronze
DesignerLeonard Charles Wyon
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size31.000 mm
Mass9.400 g
Penny, Britannia fourth design: Photos
ImageDetails
Great Britain 1895 penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria, Reverse B (1895 - 1901); King Edward VII, Reverse A (1902).
Source
1905, Edward VII, Penny
Copyright: JNCoins
Notes: King Edward VII, Reverse B (1902 - 1905).
Source
Great Britain 1912-H penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: King George V, Reverse A (1911 - 1913).
Source
Great Britain 1919 penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: King George V, Reverse B (1913 - 1926).
Source
Great Britain 1931 penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: King George V, Reverse C (1922, 1927 - 1936).
Source
Great Britain 1939 penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: King George VI, Reverse B (1937 - 1940).
Source
Great Britain 1949 penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: King George VI, Reverse C (1940 - 1951).
Source
Great Britain 1961 penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II, Reverse D (1961).
Source
Museums Victoria Collections: Coin - Penny, Elizabeth II, Great Britain, 1962
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II, Reverse E (1962).
Source
Coin - Penny, Queen Victoria, Great Britain, 1898
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria (1895 - 1901). Obverse 1.
Source
Coin - Penny, Edward VII, Great Britain, 1902
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King Edward VII (1902 - 1910). Obverse 1.
Source
Great Britain 1912-H penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: King George V, Obverse 1 (1911 - 1913).
Source
Great Britain 1919 penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: King George V, Obverse 2 (1913 - 1920).
Source
Great Britain 1931 penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: King George V, Obverse 5 (1928 - 1936).
Source
Proof Coin - Penny, George VI, Great Britain, 1937
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George VI, Obverse 1 (1937).
Source
Great Britain 1939 penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: King George VI, Obverse 2 (1937 - 1948).
Source
Great Britain 1949 penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: King George VI, Obverse 3 (1949 - 1952).
Source
Great Britain 1961 penny
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II, Obverse 3 (1961 - 1967).
Source