United Kingdom: Coin Type Penny (Britannia, second design) - detailed information

United Kingdom: Coin Type Penny (Britannia, second design) (issued 1825 - 1860)
Coin TypePenny (Britannia, second design)

All British copper coinage was demonetised in 1869, with only the bronze coinage (started in 1860) remaining in circulation.

Obverse

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, legend in Latin. During the existence of this coin type, farthings were issued for: King George IV (1822 - 1827), King William IV (1831 - 1837) and Queen Victoria (1839 - 1860).

Obverse InscriptionLegend of the ruling British monarch
Reverse

Figure of Britannia seated facing right, resting her right hand on a shield bearing a saltire of arms, and holding a trident in her left hand; around, the rest of the monarch's legend: BRITANNIAR: REX FID: DEF: (King of Britain, Defender of the Faith) during the reigns of King George IV and King William IV, or BRITANNIAR: REG: FID: DEF: (Queen of Britain, Defender of the Faith) for Queen Victoria; in exergue, a rose, a thistle and a shamrock combined.

Reverse InscriptionBRITANNIAR: REX FID: DEF: (BRITANNIAR: REG: FID: DEF:)
EdgePlain
Edge InscriptionNone
Notes

References to additional information:

[Book] Bressett, Kenneth E. 1962. A Guidebook of English Coins, Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Wisconsin, USA. pp 31-40
[Book] Remick, Jerome. 1971. The Guide Book and Catalogue to British Commonwealth Coins., pp 202-206

All Coins of Type: Penny (Britannia, second design) (24)
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Penny 1825 1,075,200 Portrait by William Wyon (Laureate Head) GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA 1825
Penny 1826 5,913,600 Portrait by William Wyon (Laureate Head) GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA 1826
Penny 1827 1,451,520 Portrait by William Wyon (Laureate Head) GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA 1827
Penny 1831 806,400 Portrait by William Wyon GULIELMUS IIII DEI GRATIA 1831
Penny 1834 322,560 Portrait by William Wyon GULIELMUS IIII DEI GRATIA 1834
Penny 1837 174,720 Portrait by William Wyon GULIELMUS IIII DEI GRATIA 1837
Penny 1839 (Proof only) unknown Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1839
Penny 1841 913,920 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1841
Penny 1843 483,840 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1843
Penny 1844 215,040 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1844
Penny 1845 322,560 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1845
Penny 1846 483,840 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1846
Penny 1847 430,080 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1847
Penny 1848 161,280 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1848
Penny 1849 268,800 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1849
Penny 1851 532,224 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1851
Penny 1853 1,021,440 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1853
Penny 1854 6,720,000 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1854
Penny 1855 5,273,856 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1855
Penny 1856 1,212,288 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1856
Penny 1857 752,640 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1857
Penny 1858 1,559,040 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1858
Penny 1859 1,075,200 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1859
Penny 1860 (Large) 32,256 Portrait by William Wyon (Young Head) VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1860
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Penny (Britannia, second design): Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Sub-type ofPenny (Pre-decimal)
From1825
To1860
Face Value1 (x Penny)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1869)
MaterialCopper
DesignerWilliam Wyon
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationReversed (Coin Alignment, Axis 6)
Size (mm)34
Mass (g)18.8000
Penny (Britannia, second design): Photos
ImageDetails
Proof Coin - Penny, George IV, Great Britain, 1826
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Common reverse (1825 - 1860).
Source
Proof Coin - Penny, George IV, Great Britain, 1826
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George IV (1825 - 1827).
Source
Coin - Penny, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George IV (1831 - 1837).
Source
Coin - Penny, Queen Victoria, Great Britain, 1849
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria (1839 - 1860).
Source