Sixpence, Wreath First Design, Coin Type from United Kingdom - detailed information

Sixpence, Wreath First Design, Coin Type from United Kingdom (issued 1831 - 1887)
Coin TypeSixpence, Wreath First Design

The pre-decimal sixpence (6d) was a unit of currency equalling one fortieth of a pound sterling, or six pence sterling. It was used in the United Kingdom, and earlier in Great Britain and England.

The "wreath" type of sixpence was introduced at the beginning of the reign of King William IV and was issued from 1831 to 1887, well into the reign of Queen Victoria. Its design is the same as the shilling coin issued in the same period, only with a different inscription. The reverse inscription was an innovation at the time, breaking with two earlier traditions - it shows the value and denomination, whereas earlier coins did not, and was in English - whereas earlier coins carried inscriptions only in Latin.

The composition is Sterling Silver (0.925 silver) and the coins have 0.0841 oz ASW (ounce of Absolute Silver Weight). Sixpences continued to be legal tender for a while after the currency became decimal in 1971, with a value of 2 1⁄2 new pence, until they were demonetised on 30th June 1980.

Obverse
United Kingdom / Sixpence, Wreath First Design - obverse photo

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, legend (in Latin).

During the existence of this coin type, sixpence coins were issued for:
- King William IV (1831 - 1837)
- Queen Victoria (1838 - 1887)

Obverse Inscription Legend of the ruling British monarch
Reverse
United Kingdom / Sixpence, Wreath First Design - reverse photo

Surrounded by a beaded border, the reverse of the coin shows, within an open wreath of olive (left) and oak (right) branches, the value and denomination in words, on two lines: SIX PENCE.

Above the value, St Edward's Crown. Named after Saint Edward the Confessor, it has been traditionally used to crown English and British monarchs at their coronations since the 13th century (with a two-century gap between 1689 and 1911).

Below the ribbon tying the wreath, the date of issue: [year].

Reverse Inscription SIX PENCE [year]
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

Krause lists a 1849 sixpence with mintage of 210,000 and a note that it is "not confirmed". Such a coin is not listed elsewhere.

Coin Type: Sixpence, Wreath First Design - (53) Coins
Coin NameReverseObverseDetails
Sixpence 1831 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1831 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1831 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,340,195
Sixpence 1834 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1834 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1834 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 5,892,480
Sixpence 1835 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1835 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1835 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,555,320
Sixpence 1836 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1836 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,987,920
Sixpence 1837 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1837 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 506,880
Sixpence 1838 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1838 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1838 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,607,760
Sixpence 1839 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1839 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1839 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,310,560
Sixpence 1840 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1840 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,098,800
Sixpence 1841 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1841 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,386,000
Sixpence 1842 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1842 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1842 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 601,920
Sixpence 1843 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1843 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1843 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,160,080
Sixpence 1844 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1844 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1844 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,975,846
Sixpence 1845 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1845 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1845 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,714,480
Sixpence 1846 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1846 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,268,880
Sixpence 1847 Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: unknown
Sixpence 1848 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1848 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 586,080
Sixpence 1850 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1850 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 489,960
Sixpence 1851 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1851 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1851 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,288,107
Sixpence 1852 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1852 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1852 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 904,587
Sixpence 1853 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1853 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1853 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,837,930
Sixpence 1854 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1854 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 840,116
Sixpence 1855 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1855 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,129,084
Sixpence 1856 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1856 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,779,920
Sixpence 1857 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1857 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,233,440
Sixpence 1858 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1858 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1858 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,932,480
Sixpence 1859 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1859 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1859 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,688,640
Sixpence 1860 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1860 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1860 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,100,880
Sixpence 1862 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1862 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1862 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 990,000
Sixpence 1863 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1863 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1863 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 491,040
Sixpence 1864 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1864 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1864 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,253,040
Sixpence 1865 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1865 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,631,520
Sixpence 1866 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1866 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1866 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 5,140,080
Sixpence 1867 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1867 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1867 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,362,240
Sixpence 1868 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1868 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1868 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 1,069,200
Sixpence 1869 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1869 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1869 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 388,080
Sixpence 1870 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1870 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 479,613
Sixpence 1871 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1871 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1871 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,662,684
Sixpence 1872 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1872 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,382,049
Sixpence 1873 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1873 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1873 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,594,733
Sixpence 1874 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1874 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1874 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,225,726
Sixpence 1875 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1875 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1875 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,256,646
Sixpence 1876 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1876 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1876 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 941,435
Sixpence 1877 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1877 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1877 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,066,486
Sixpence 1878 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1878 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1878 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,624,525
Sixpence 1879 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1879 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1879 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,326,313
Sixpence 1880 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1880 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1880 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,892,051
Sixpence 1881 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1881 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1881 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 6,239,447
Sixpence 1882 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1882 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1882 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 759,809
Sixpence 1883 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1883 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1883 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,986,558
Sixpence 1884 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1884 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1884 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,422,565
Sixpence 1885 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1885 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1885 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 4,652,771
Sixpence 1886 United Kingdom / Sixpence 1886 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1886 - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 2,728,249
Sixpence 1887 Old Wreath Design United Kingdom / Sixpence 1887 Old Wreath Design - reverse photo United Kingdom / Sixpence 1887 Old Wreath Design - obverse photo Material: 0.925 Silver
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 3,675,607
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Sixpence, Wreath First Design: Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Sub-type ofSixpence
From1831
To1887
Face Value6 (x Penny)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1980)
Material0.925 Silver
DesignerJean Baptiste Merlen
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationCoin Alignment (Axis 6)
Size19.0000 mm
Mass2.8276 g
Sixpence, Wreath First Design: Photos
ImageDetails
Proof Coin - Sixpence, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Common wreath reverse (1831 - 1887).
Source
Proof Coin - Sixpence, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King William IV (1831 - 1837).
Source
Great Britain 1877 6 pence
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria, Young head (1838 - 1887).
Source