Sixpence, Coin Type from United Kingdom - detailed information

Sixpence, Coin Type from United Kingdom (issued 1816 - 1970)
Coin TypeSixpence

The pre-decimal sixpence (6d) was a unit of currency equalling one fortieth of a pound sterling, or six pence sterling. It was used in the United Kingdom, and earlier in Great Britain and England.

Prior to Decimal Day in 1971 there were 240 pence in one pound sterling. Twelve pence made a shilling, and twenty shillings made a pound. Values less than a pound were usually written in shillings and pence, e.g. 42 old pence would be three shillings and six pence (3/6), often pronounced "three and six". Values of less than a shilling were simply written in terms of pence, e.g. eight pence would be 8d.

The coin was made from silver from its introduction in 1551 to 1947 (first sterling until 1920, then debased to 50%), and thereafter in copper-nickel. The denomination went through many transformations of the reverse design during its existence (the obverse traditionally only shows the ruling monarch); it was finally abolished with the introduction of decimal currency.

Sixpences continued to be legal tender for a while after the currency became decimal in 1971, with a value of 2 1⁄2 new pence, until they were demonetised on 30th June 1980.

Obverse
United Kingdom / Sixpence - obverse photo

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, legend (in Latin).

During the existence of the denomination, sixpence coins were issued for:
- King George III (1816 - 1820)
- King George IV (1821 - 1829)
- King William IV (1831 - 1837)
- Queen Victoria (1838 - 1901)
- King Edward VII (1902 - 1910)
- King George V (1911 - 1936)
- King George VI (1937 - 1952)
- Queen Elizabeth II (1953 - 1970)

Obverse Inscription Legend of the ruling British monarch
Reverse
United Kingdom / Sixpence - reverse photo

The reverse went through several transformations during the existence of the denomination.

The first design (1816 - 1820) shows the crowned and garnished shield bearing bearing the Royal Arms of the United Kingdom within the Garter of the Order of the Garter, with the motto HONI · SOIT · QUI · MAL · Y · PENSE · inscribed on it, partly obscured by the crown. The value and denomination are not written on the coin.

The second design (1821 only) shows the crowned and garnished shield bearing bearing the Royal Arms of the United Kingdom, are surrounded by a rose, thistle and shamrock - the floral emblems of England, Scotland and Ireland respectively. Around below, separated by the rose, the date of issue ANNO 1821 (from Latin: Year 1821). The value and denomination are not written on the coin.

The third design (1824 - 1826) shows the crowned and shield bearing bearing the Royal Arms of the United Kingdom within the Garter of the Order of the Garter, with the motto HONI · SOIT · QUI · MAL · Y · PENSE · inscribed on it. Around below, the date of issue ANNO [year]. The value and denomination are not written on the coin.

The fourth design (1826 - 1829) shows at its centre the Royal crest, depicting the Lion of England standing on St Edward's Crown. Below the crown, a rose, thistle and shamrock - the floral emblems of England, Scotland and Ireland respectively. The value and denomination are not written on the coin.

The fifth design (1831 - 1887) shows, within an open wreath of olive (left) and oak (right) branches, the value and denomination in words, on two lines: SIX PENCE. Above the value, St Edward's Crown. Below the ribbon tying the wreath, the date of issue: [year].

The sixth design (1887 only) again shows the crowned and garnished shield bearing bearing the Royal Arms of the United Kingdom within the Garter of the Order of the Garter, with the motto HONI · SOIT · QUI · MAL · Y · PENSE · inscribed on it. Below, the date 1887. Due to its similarity with the half sovereign and the fact that the denomination was not written on it, the design was immediately withdrawn and replaced with the next type.

The seventh design (1887 - 1910) shows the denomination within an open wreath and under a crown; it is similar to the fifth design, with the most visible difference being the shape of the crown.

The eighth design (1911 - 1927) again features St Edward's Crown surmounted by the crowned Lion of England, similar to the fourth reverse. The date of issue [year] is within the central circle, divided by the crown. Around below, the denomination (as one word): SIXPENCE.

The ninth design (1927 - 1936) shows six intertwined sprigs of oak, ending with six acorns. Around above, interrupted by two of the acorns, the value and denomination · SIXPENCE ·. Around below, the date of issue · A · [year] · D ·

The tenth design (1937 - 1948) features the crowned royal cypher of King George VI, GRI for GEORGIVS REX IMPERATOR - "George King and Emperor" - dividing the date: [year].

The eleventh design (1948 - 1952) features an updated crowned royal cypher of King George VI, GR VI for GEORGIVS SEXTUS - "George the Sixth" - dividing the date: [year]. The change was made due to the Independence of India, after which the monarch had no claim to the title of Emperor of India.

The twelfth and final design (1953 - 1970) shows four interlinked plants: rose, thistle, shamrock and leek, each with a leaf from the same stem. These represent the four constituent countries of the United Kingdom - England, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales respectively. Around below, the denomination as two words: SIX PENCE, followed by the date of issue · [year].

Reverse Inscription SIX PENCE [year]
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

Various British colonies, dominions and dependencies also issued their own versions of the sixpence denomination, usually to be used in parallel with their Imperial counterpart and with compatible dimensions and composition but sometimes made deliberately different. For these, see:

- British West Africa, Sixpence - issued 1913 to 1952, demonetised 1968
- Australia, Sixpence - issued 1910 to 1963, withdrawn 1966 (not demonetised); replaced by compatible Five Cents - still being issued and current
- New Zealand, Sixpence - issued 1933 to 1965, demonetised 2006; replaced by compatible Five Cents issued 1967 to 2006, demonetised 2006
- Fiji, Sixpence - issued 1934 to 1967, demonetised 1969; replaced by compatible Five Cents issued 1969 to 2006, demonetised 2009
- New Guinea, Sixpence - with central hole, issued 1935 and 1943, demonetised 1966
- Nigeria, Sixpence - issued 1959 only, demonetised 1973

Coin Type: Sixpence - (151) Coins (Page 1 of 2)
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Sixpence 1816 unknown King George III - Small Head GEOR: III D: G: BRITT: REX F: D: 1816
Sixpence 1817 10,921,680 King George III - Small Head GEOR: III D: G: BRITT: REX F: D: 1817
Sixpence 1818 4,284,720 King George III - Small Head GEOR: III D: G: BRITT: REX F: D: 1818
Sixpence 1819 4,712,400 King George III - Small Head GEOR: III D: G: BRITT: REX F: D: 1819
Sixpence 1820 1,488,960 King George III - Small Head GEOR: III D: G: BRITT: REX F: D: 1820
Sixpence 1821 863,280 King George IV - Laureate Head GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Sixpence 1824 633,600 King George IV - Laureate Head GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Sixpence 1825 483,120 King George IV - Laureate Head GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Sixpence 1826 Second Reverse 689,040 King George IV - Laureate Head GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Sixpence 1826 Third Reverse 689,040 King George IV - Bare Head GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA · 1826 ·
Sixpence 1827 166,320 King George IV - Bare Head GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA · 1827 ·
Sixpence 1828 15,840 King George IV - Bare Head GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA · 1828 ·
Sixpence 1829 403,920 King George IV - Bare Head GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA · 1829 ·
Sixpence 1831 1,340,195 King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Sixpence 1834 5,892,480 King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Sixpence 1835 1,555,320 King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Sixpence 1836 1,987,920 King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Sixpence 1837 506,880 King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Sixpence 1838 1,607,760 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1839 3,310,560 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1840 2,098,800 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F:D:
Sixpence 1841 1,386,000 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1842 601,920 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1843 3,160,080 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1844 3,975,846 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1845 3,714,480 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1846 4,268,880 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1847 unknown Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1848 586,080 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1850 489,960 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1851 2,288,107 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1852 904,587 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1853 3,837,930 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1854 840,116 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1855 1,129,084 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1856 2,779,920 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1857 2,233,440 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1858 1,932,480 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1859 4,688,640 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1860 1,100,880 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1862 990,000 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1863 491,040 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1864 4,253,040 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1865 1,631,520 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1866 5,140,080 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1867 1,362,240 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1868 1,069,200 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1869 388,080 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1870 479,613 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1871 3,662,684 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1872 3,382,049 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1873 4,594,733 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1874 4,225,726 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1875 3,256,646 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1876 941,435 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1877 4,066,486 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1878 2,624,525 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1879 3,326,313 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1880 3,892,051 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1881 6,239,447 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1882 759,809 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1883 4,986,558 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1884 3,422,565 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1885 4,652,771 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1886 2,728,249 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1887 Old Wreath Design 3,675,607 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR: REG: F: D:
Sixpence 1887 Withdrawn Type 3,675,607 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT: REGINA F: D:
Sixpence 1887 New Wreath Design 3,675,607 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT: REGINA F: D:
Sixpence 1888 4,197,698 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT: REGINA F: D:
Sixpence 1889 8,738,928 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT: REGINA F: D:
Sixpence 1890 9,386,955 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT: REGINA F: D:
Sixpence 1891 7,022,734 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT: REGINA F: D:
Sixpence 1892 6,245,746 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT: REGINA F: D:
Sixpence 1893 Jubilee Head 341,000 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT: REGINA F: D:
Sixpence 1893 Veiled Head 7,010,000 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Sixpence 1894 3,467,704 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Sixpence 1895 7,024,631 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Sixpence 1896 6,651,699 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Sixpence 1897 5,031,498 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Sixpence 1898 5,914,100 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Sixpence 1899 7,996,804 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Sixpence 1900 8,984,354 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Sixpence 1901 5,108,757 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA · DEI · GRA · BRITT · REGINA · FID · DEF · IND · IMP ·
Sixpence 1902 6,372,501 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Sixpence 1903 5,410,096 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Sixpence 1904 4,487,098 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Sixpence 1905 4,235,556 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Sixpence 1906 7,641,146 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Sixpence 1907 8,733,673 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Sixpence 1908 6,739,491 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Sixpence 1909 6,584,107 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Sixpence 1910 12,490,724 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF: IND: IMP:
Sixpence 1911 9,161,317 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Sixpence 1912 10,984,129 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Sixpence 1913 7,499,833 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Sixpence 1914 22,714,602 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Sixpence 1915 15,694,597 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Sixpence 1916 22,207,178 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Sixpence 1917 7,725,475 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Sixpence 1918 27,558,743 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Showing 1 to 100 of 151 Coins.
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Sixpence: Photos
ImageDetails
Coin - Sixpence, George III, Great Britain, 1817
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: George III (1816 - 1820).
Source
Coin - Sixpence, George IV, Great Britain, 1821
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: George IV, First reverse (1821).
Source
Great Britain 1824 6 pence
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: George IV, Second reverse (1824 - 1826).
Source
Coin - Sixpence, George IV, Great Britain, 1829
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: George IV, Third reverse (1826 - 1829).
Source
Proof Coin - Sixpence, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: First wreath design (1831 - 1887).
Source
Great Britain 1887 6 Pence
Copyright: smarty_marty24
Notes: Withdrawn type (1887).
Source
Great Britain 1906 6 pence
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Second wreath design (1887 - 1910).
Source
Great Britain 1911 6 pence
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Notes: Lion on Crown reverse (1911 - 1927).
Source
Proof Coin - Sixpence, George V, Great Britain, 1928
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Oak leaves reverse (1927 - 1936).
Source
Proof Coin - Sixpence, George VI, Great Britain, 1947
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George VI, First design (1937 - 1948).
Source
Proof Coin - Sixpence, Elizabeth II, Great Britain, 1953
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II (1953 - 1970).
Source
Great Britain 1952 6 pence
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: King George VI, Second design (1949 - 1952).
Source
Coin - Sixpence, George III, Great Britain, 1817
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George III (1816 - 1820).
Source
Great Britain 1824 6 pence
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: King George IV, Laureate head (1821 - 1826).
Source
Coin - Sixpence, George IV, Great Britain, 1829
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: George IV, Bare head (1826 - 1829).
Source
Proof Coin - Sixpence, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King William IV (1831 - 1837).
Source
Coin - Sixpence, Queen Victoria, Great Britain, 1838
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria, Young head (1838 - 1887).
Source
Great Britain 1887 6 Pence
Copyright: smarty_marty24
Notes: Queen Victoria, Jubilee head (1887 - 1893).
Source
Coin - Sixpence, Queen Victoria, Great Britain, 1900
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria, Veiled head (1893 - 1901).
Source
Great Britain 1906 6 pence
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: King Edward VII (1902 - 1910).
Source
Great Britain 1911 6 pence
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Notes: King George V, first effigy (1911 - 1926).
Source
Proof Coin - Sixpence, George V, Great Britain, 1928
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George V, modified effigy (1926 - 1936).
Source
Proof Coin - Sixpence, George VI, Great Britain, 1947
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George VI (1937 - 1952).
Source
Proof Coin - Sixpence, Elizabeth II, Great Britain, 1953
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II BRITT OMN REGINA (1953).
Source
Coin - Sixpence, Elizabeth II, Great Britain, 1966
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Queen Elizabeth II REGINA (1954 - 1970).
Source