Australia: Coin Shilling 1919 (pattern) - detailed information

Australia: Coin Shilling 1919 (pattern)
CoinShilling 1919 (pattern)

A silver coin (23.5 mm diameter with milled edge) featuring a crowned and robed bust of George V facing left; around, GEORGIVS V D.G. BRITT: OMN: REX F.D. IND: IMP: ; below bust in small lettering the artist's initials B.M.

The reverse features the Ensigns Armorial of the Commonwealth of Australia, as authorised by Royal Warrant 7th May 1908 - composed of a simple shield enclosing a cross of Saint George on which are five six-pointed stars, around the outside of which are six small escutcheons, i.e., small shields. The shield is supported by a kangaroo and an emu standing on a grassy mound. Above the shield a crest, the seven-pointed star of Federation on a wreath. Below on a ribbon the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA is inscribed. Around above, ONE SHILLING and below, between arrow heads, the date, 1919. Below the date is the mint mark M.

No regular shilling coins were issued dated 1919, this is an experimental piece produced as part of planned debasement of the silver alloy (0.625 silver). The debasement, in the end did not occur.

According to The Australian Coin Chart 1966 "A few Pattern Shillings dated 1919 and 1937 have been reported and would realise over £500 at Auction".

Greg McDonald's "Australian Coins and Banknotes" catalogue calls this an "unissued circulation strike".

The "Renniks Australian Coins and Banknote Values" catalogue (Pocket Edition 1986) says: "Only two specimens are known to exist. One in Science Museum Victoria and specimen sold ex Spinks [1981, for $40,000]. The two known coins have been punched in the field of the coin with two small S's on the obverse and reverse to officially denote that they are specimens and to distinguish them from the currency issue. None were issued for circulation."

It has to be noted though that the specimen in the photo belonging to Museums Victoria (ex Science Museum Victoria) does not have said S punch marks.

According to Remick's "Catalogue of British Commonwealth Coins 1649-1971", 4 specimens are known. Krause 1988 Edition lists 6 pieces, later editions show mintage as unknown.

MintMelbourne Mint
Obverse
Australia / Shilling 1919 (pattern) - obverse photo

Crowned and robed bust of King George V facing left; around, the monarch's legend in Latin GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: · (George V, by the Grace of God, King of all the Britains, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India); in relief on the bust truncation, in small letters are the artist's initials B.M. (for [Sir Edgar] Bertram Mackennal).

Obverse Inscription GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Reverse
Australia / Shilling 1919 (pattern) - reverse photo

The reverse features the Ensigns Armorial of the Commonwealth of Australia, as authorised by Royal Warrant 7th May 1908.

At centre, simple shield enclosing a cross of Saint George on which are five six-pointed stars, around the outside of which are six small escutcheons, i.e., small shields. The shield is supported by a kangaroo and an emu standing on a grassy mound. Above the shield a crest, the seven-pointed star of Federation on a wreath and on a ribbon at the base the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA is inscribed.

Around above, the denomination ONE SHILLING; below, between arrow heads, the date 1919; below that, the mint mark M.

Reverse Inscription ONE SHILLING 1919 ADVANCE AUSTRALIA
EdgeMilled
Edge InscriptionNone
Notes

Original References:

Sharples, John. 1985. Australian Coins 1919 to 1924. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. 1 (July): 4-18.

Shilling 1919 (pattern): Known varieties
Variety Proof
Mintage unknown
Shilling 1919 (pattern): References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Coin description link
Renniks, Australian Coin and Banknote Values Coin description S punch marks
Australian Coin Chart Coin description
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Mint link
Museums Victoria Collections 2016 Varieties link Proof
All Coins of Country: Australia, Type: Shilling (47)
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Shilling 1910 2,536,069 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Crowned Bust) EDWARDVS VII D:G: BRITT. OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP: ·
Shilling 1911 1,700,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Shilling 1912 1,000,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Shilling 1913 1,200,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Shilling 1914 3,300,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Shilling 1915 1,300,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Shilling 1916 5,141,025 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Shilling 1917 5,274,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Shilling 1918 3,761,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Shilling 1919 (pattern) unknown Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Shilling 1920 520,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Shilling 1921 1,641,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Shilling 1922 2,039,924 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Shilling 1924 673,658 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Shilling 1925 1,448,794 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Shilling 1926 2,352,100 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Shilling 1927 1,146,050 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Shilling 1928 664,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Shilling 1931 1,000,570 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Shilling 1933 220,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Shilling 1934 480,100 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Shilling 1935 500,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Shilling 1936 2,000,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Shilling 1937 (pattern) 6 None
Shilling 1938 1,484,250 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Shilling 1939 1,520,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Shilling 1940 760,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Shilling 1941 3,040,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Shilling 1942 5,380,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Shilling 1943 18,720,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Shilling 1944 22,576,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Shilling 1945 (not released) unknown Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Shilling 1946 11,388,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Shilling 1948 4,132,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Shilling 1950 7,188,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Shilling 1952 19,644,000 Portrait by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Shilling 1953 12,204,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA +
Shilling 1954 16,188,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA +
Shilling 1955 7,493,200 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA F: D: +
Shilling 1956 6,065,500 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA F: D: +
Shilling 1957 12,669,256 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA F: D: +
Shilling 1958 7,413,506 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA F: D: +
Shilling 1959 10,877,506 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA F: D: +
Shilling 1960 14,513,509 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA F: D: +
Shilling 1961 31,865,506 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA F: D: +
Shilling 1962 6,594,016 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA F: D: +
Shilling 1963 10,074,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA F: D: +
Shilling 1919 (pattern): Details
CountryAustralia
CurrencyAustralian Pound
Coin TypeShilling - Coat of Arms
Issued1919
MonarchKing George V
EffigyPortrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust)
Face Value1 (x Shilling)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1966)
Mintageunknown
MaterialSterling silver
DesignerWilliam Henry James Blakemore
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
Size (mm)23.5000
Mass (g)5.6500
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Shilling 1919 (pattern): Photos
ImageDetails
Pattern Coin - 1 Shilling, Australia, 1919
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Source
Pattern Coin - 1 Shilling, Australia, 1919
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Source
Shilling 1919 (pattern): Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsAustralia KM# Pn12 (debased) and KM# 26 (Proof)