One Shilling 1922, Coin from British West Africa - detailed information

One Shilling 1922, Coin from British West Africa (demonetised 1968)
CoinOne Shilling 1922

The One Shilling coin was a circulating denomination of the British West African Pound. As with its British counterpart, one shilling was equal to 12 pence, and 20 shillings made one pound.

In the 19th century, the (pre-decimal) pound sterling became the currency of the British West African territories and standard issue United Kingdom coinage circulated for a while. The West African territories in question were Nigeria, the Gold Coast (now Ghana), Sierra Leone and The Gambia.

In 1912, the authorities in London set up the West African Currency Board and issued a distinctive set of sterling coinage for use in British West Africa. The circumstance prompting this move was a tendency for existing UK coins used in the West African territories to leave the region and return to the UK, hence causing a local dearth of coinage. A unique British West African variety of the sterling coinage would not be accepted in the shops of Britain and so would remain in circulation locally.

Consequently, the British West African shilling coins were made very different from their Imperial counterparts. Apart from changing to base metals earlier than the Imperial coinage, two visible differences were the local reverse and the fact that the monarch's effigy on the obverse was crowned - to signify the status of the coinage as being colonial. The monarch's legend though was the same as on standard British coinage (in Latin).

Initially the coins were issued in silver; this was later changed to tin brass coins - such as this one, then nickel brass, then smaller tin brass coins.

After decolonisation, the coins were demonetised by the various countries as they introduced their own independent currencies:
- Nigeria introduced the Nigerian Pound in 1958
- Ghana introduced in Ghanaian Pound in 1958
- British Cameroon adopted the CFA franc in 1961
- Sierra Leone introduced the Leone in 1964
- Gambia introduced the Gambian Pound in 1965

In some places, British West African coins circulated in parallel with the new coinage until 1968. Thus, one shilling coins issued in 1922 would have circulated for up to 46 years depending on location.

MintKing's Norton Metal Co. Mint MarkLetters KN Total Mintage33,324,355 (33.3 million)
Obverse

Crowned and draped bust of King George V facing left (crowned effigy by Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal); the King is wearing the Imperial Crown and the ermine Robe of State, the Collar of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, and the Badge of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath.

The artist's initials BM are in relief on the bust truncation.

Around, the monarch's legend · GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:. Translated from Latin: George the Fifth, by the Grace of God, King of all the Britains, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India.

Obverse Inscription · GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
Reverse

At centre, dividing the date 1922, is a palm tree.

Around above, outside a circle broken by decorative extensions adjacent to the date, the legend BRITISH WEST AFRICA; around below, the value and denomination ONE SHILLING.

The mint mark KN of the King's Norton Metal Co. is in very small letters in relief at the base of the palm tree.

Reverse Inscription BRITISH WEST AFRICA ONE SHILLING 1922
EdgeSecurity GrooveEdge InscriptionNone
One Shilling 1922: References to Information Used
All (28) Coins of Country: British West Africa, Type: One Shilling
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
One Shilling 1913 12,340,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal · GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
One Shilling 1914 14,292,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal · GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
One Shilling 1915 254,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal · GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
One Shilling 1916 11,837,732 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal · GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
One Shilling 1917 15,018,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal · GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
One Shilling 1918 9,486,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal · GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
One Shilling 1919 2,992,045 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal · GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
One Shilling 1920 (Silver) 828,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal · GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
One Shilling 1920 (Brass) 33,816,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal · GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
One Shilling 1922 33,324,355 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal · GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
One Shilling 1923 29,384,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal · GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
One Shilling 1924 33,566,800 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal · GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
One Shilling 1925 19,800,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal · GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
One Shilling 1926 19,952,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal · GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
One Shilling 1927 22,248,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal · GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
One Shilling 1928 10,000,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal · GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
One Shilling 1936 42,882,000 King George V - Crowned Bust, by Mackennal · GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:
One Shilling 1938 57,806,287 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
One Shilling 1939 55,471,675 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
One Shilling 1940 40,311,060 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
One Shilling 1942 42,000,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
One Shilling 1943 133,600,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
One Shilling 1945 31,994,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
One Shilling 1946 37,349,770 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
One Shilling 1947 119,584,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) GEORGIVS VI D · G · BRITT · OMN · REX F · D · IND · IMP:
One Shilling 1949 90,016,000 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) + GEORGIVS VI DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF:
One Shilling 1951 62,178,142 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) + GEORGIVS VI DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF:
One Shilling 1952 184,402,545 Portrait by Percy Metcalfe (Crowned Head) + GEORGIVS VI DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX FID: DEF:
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One Shilling 1922: Details
CountryBritish West Africa
CurrencyBritish West African Pound
Coin TypeOne Shilling, Tin Brass (George V)
Issued1922
MonarchKing George V
EffigyKing George V - Crowned Bust, by Bertram Mackennal
Face Value1 (x Shilling)
Mintage33,324,355 (33.3 million)
CurrentNo; demonetised 1968
MaterialTin Brass
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size23.600 mm
Mass5.700 g
OCC IDQBVY-XEWR-CKMZ-OJZN
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One Shilling 1922: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsBritish West Africa KM# 12a