Niue, a sovereign state in free association with New Zealand, uses two official legal tender currencies. The New Zealand Dollar is the circulation currency for daily transactions, while the government also authorises legal tender coins in the Niue Dollar currency for collector's purposes.
A number of mints issue a large variety of commemorative and collector coins under the authority of Niue. One of them is the Czech Mint, which uses not only standard bullion sizes but also some formats based on the Czech Gold Ducat, including 40 Ducats weighing a massive 139.5 grams.
The coins are "Non-Circulating Legal Tender" (NCLT) and not bullion because they are issued at prices much higher than their bullion value and are targeted at collectors who appreciate them for their artistic or sentimental value, and not at bullion investors.
The Mint says about this coin:
The name Agnes has Greek origin and means immaculate, clean. The most famous bearer of this name is undoubtedly St. Agnes of Bohemia, who fully deserves these pious characteristics. She was canonised, as a model of Christian faith and heroic charity, in Saint Peter`s Basilica in the Vatican on 12 November 1989.
Czech Princess Agnes Přemyslid of Bohemia was born between the years 1205 and 1211 as a daughter of the King Ottokar I. of Bohemia and the Queen Constance of Hungary. When she was three years old, Agnes was placed to be educated by a community of Cistercian nuns in a monastery in Trzebnica and then in Doksany by Premonstratensian Canonesses and she reached a high quality education. Happiness of the child was replaced by long hours she spent in prayer. She and her brother Wenceslaus I. founded a hospital in Prague's Old Town in 1232, and also a new military Order, dedicated primarily to nursing, known as the Knights of the Cross with the Red Star, which was recognised as the only Czech religious order by the Pope. Its monasteries gradually spread to many places of the country.
In 1234, Agnes together with her brother founded a monastery for the Franciscan friars and the Poor Clare nuns on the northeastern edge of the former city, now known as "The Francis", where she became the first Abbess. St. Agnes of Bohemia was a woman full of humility and love and she was helping the poor and the sick. Even during her lifetime she served as a model of virtue and piety. Legends about her mercy and charity did not lose their urgency even after more than 800 years, and are said down to the present day.