|Coin||Gold Ounce 2018 Nautical Ounce - HMS Endeavour|
The Rwandan Franc was introduced as the currency of Rwanda in 1964. Apart from its regular circulating coinage, the country has also authorised some foreign mints to issue coins under its jurisdiction, which come in a variety of sizes - including in the internationally popular gold ounce (1 oz gold) format, denominated usually as 100 Francs. Like any bullion coin though, their actual value is unrelated to the face value, and is based primarily on the metal content and the spot price of that metal on the commodities markets.
This coin is the second issue in the Rwandan Nautical Ounce series which features a new reverse design every year; this year's edition commemorates the 250th anniversary of HMS Endeavour.
HMS Endeavour was the ship which explorer James Cook commanded on his first voyage to Australia and New Zealand from 1769 to 1771. In April 1770 HMS Endeavour became the first ship to reach the east coast of Australia. Continuing the voyage to New Zealand, where no European ship had arrived since Abel Tasman's Heemskerck 127 years earlier, the Endeavour continued and rounded the Cape of Good Hope on 13 March 1771 to reach the English port of Dover on 12 July 1771.
Within a plain rim, the obverse of the coin features the Coat of Arms of Rwanda. At its centre is a traditional basket, surrounded by the central tribal devices: a stem of sorghum on the left, and a branch of a coffee tree on the right, surmounted on a cog wheel with the sun with its rays above. These are protected by two typical Rwandan shields, one on the right and one on the left. The design is encircled by a rope, tied below in a square knot.
On a ribbon above, REPUBULIKA Y'U RWANDA (Republic of Rwanda); on a ribbon below, the motto UBUMWE · UMURIMO · GUKUNDA IGIHUGU (Unity, Work, Patriotism in Kinyarwanda - the official Rwandan language).
Around above, the name of the issuing authority: BANKI NKURU Y'U RWANDA (National Bank of Rwanda; in French: Banque Nationale du Rwanda; abbreviated as BNR).
Around below, the face value AMAFARANGA 100 IJANA (100 FRW - one hundred Rwandan Francs).
The reverse design depicts James Cook's ship Endeavour at full sail.
Above left, a compass rose (sometimes called a "wind rose") showing the main directions, with "rhumb lines" radiating from it into the background of the design. In an oval above the ship, encircled by a rope, navigational instruments of the time: spyglass, compass and sextant.
On the waves below, the name of the ship: HMS Endeavour.
Around left, the name of the coin series: NAUTICAL OUNCE.
Around above right, the date of issue 2018. Around below right, facing outward, the precious metal content: 1 oz FINE GOLD 999 (one troy ounce of 99.9% gold).
||NAUTICAL OUNCE 2018 1 oz FINE GOLD 999 HMS Endeavour
Finish: bullion (Brilliant Uncirculated).
Packaging: in plastic capsule and leatherette pouch, with a Certificate of Authenticity branded with BNR (National Bank of Rwanda).
Coins in the Nautical Ounce series include:
- 1 oz Gold, Nautical Ounce - Santa Maria, 2017
- 1 oz Silver, Nautical Ounce - Santa Maria, 2017
- 1 oz Gold, Nautical Ounce - HMS Endeavour, 2018
- 1 oz Silver, Nautical Ounce - HMS Endeavour, 2018
- 1 oz Gold, Nautical Ounce - Victoria, 2019
- 1 oz Silver, Nautical Ounce - Victoria, 2019
- 1 oz Gold, Nautical Ounce - Mayflower, 2020
- 3 oz Silver Antique High Relief, Nautical Ounce - Mayflower, 2020
- 1 oz Silver (with Antique version), Nautical Ounce - Mayflower, 2020
- 1 oz Gold, Nautical Ounce - Sedov, 2021
- 3 oz Silver Antique High Relief, Nautical Ounce - Sedov, 2021
- 1 oz Silver (with Antique version), Nautical Ounce - Sedov, 2021