The sterling-silver R1 represents the Freedom Charter, a historic document accepted at the Congress of the People in Kliptown on 26 June 1955. The design features the ten demands representing the people’s hopes and aspirations for a "new" South Africa:
THE PEOPLE SHALL GOVERN!, ALL NATIONAL GROUPS SHALL HAVE EQUAL RIGHTS!, THE PEOPLE SHALL SHARE IN THE COUNTRY'S WEALTH!, THE LAND SHALL BE SHARED AMONG THOSE WHO WORK IT!, ALL SHALL BE EQUAL BEFORE THE LAW!, ALL SHALL ENJOY EQUAL HUMAN RIGHTS!, THERE SHALL BE WORK AND SECURITY!, THE DOORS OF LEARNING AND OF CULTURE SHALL BE OPENED!, THERE SHALL BE HOUSES, SECURITY AND COMFORT!, and THERE SHALL BE PEACE AND FRIENDSHIP!.
The inscription is in three concentric lines around the centre. Around below, FREEDOM CHARTER - KLIPTOWN, 26 JUNE 1955.
The group of people featured on the coin represents the approximately 3,000 delegates present at the Congress of the People. Nelson Mandela is shown among these individuals, though he did not formally participate in the day’s events due to a banning order.
The value and denomination R 1 (One Rand) is below the portraits. To the right of that, the initials of the die-sinker VLC (for VL Chipa); the design is by L Guerra.