Five Francs 2003 Chalandamarz, Coin from Switzerland - detailed information

Five Francs 2003 Chalandamarz, Coin from Switzerland
CoinFive Francs 2003 Chalandamarz

The Five Francs coin is a denomination of the Swiss Franc. Given that Switzerland has four official languages, the Franc has three different names: Franken in German, franc in French and Romansh, and franco in Italian.

The normal circulating 5 FR denomination went through several transformations: with a seated figure of Helvetia on the obverse, then a portrait of Helvetia, then the current design by Paul Burkhard - all of these in silver with the specifications of the Latin Monetary Union, until in 1931 when the coins were made smaller and the content was slightly debased. Starting in 1936, the country also occasionally issued circulating commemorative one-year type 5 Franc coins in silver to mark various important occasions, then - when silver was demonetised in 1971 - the denomination became copper-nickel.

An extensive series of copper-nickel circulating commemoratives were issued between 1974 and 1990 (in parallel with the regular design). For several years after that (1991 to 1998), no commemoratives were issued in this denomination.

In 1999, Swissimint changed the concept and started striking non-circulating commemoratives for collectors only, like the coins issued below - with topics celebrating various aspects of Swiss cultural and national heritage, and not people and events as before. These were denominated as 5 Francs at first, but after only six coins were issued in the first five years, this format was discontinued. Further non-circulating bimetallic coins are now denominated as 10 Francs.

The 2003 Five Francs collector coin celebrates the festival of Chalandamarz.

Chalandamarz is a traditional spring festival in Latin-speaking parts of the Swiss canton of Graubünden. It is celebrated on, and named for, the First of March (Calendae Martis) and marks the end of winter. It is celebrated in much of the Romansh-speaking area, including the Engadin, Val Mustair, Albula (Surmeir), and formerly in the Posterior Rhine valley, as well as in the Italian-speaking parts of Grisons (Poschiavo, Bregaglia and Mesolcina).

On the first of March, and often at least one day before, the boys of each village go around and ring bells and sing. The object is to mark the beginning of a new year in spring, to scare away the evil spirits of winter and wake up the good spirits of spring. Girls traditionally don’t take part in this, but in some villages girls carry baskets around to gather money, and in some villages they carry bells too. Often the boys march around the village fountains, and go into the old houses and sing. After this, there is often whip-cracking. In the evening on the first of March, there is often a party with dancing. The procession of boys at Chalandamarz is often led by the oldest boys who are due to leave school the following year. These are known as Patruns ("patrons, masters").

Use of cowbells to drive out winter is known from other Alpine folklore, such as the Perchten or Fasnacht traditions of Alemannic and Austro-Bavarian speaking areas. The Chalandamarz in Ftan, Lower Engadin, shows influence from Fasnacht traditions in the wearing of masks. In Poschiavo and Mesolcina, formerly also in Scuol, Tschlin and Innerferrera, a straw effigy symbolizing winter is burned.

Bimetallic 5 Franc coins are legal tender but are issued in small quantities for collectors only and do not circulate.

MintSwissmint Mint MarkLetter B Total Mintage108,000
Obverse
Switzerland / Five Francs 2003 Chalandamarz - obverse photo

The centre of the obverse shows a four dancing boys in traditional costume and caps, carrying large bells.

The name of the designer G. VONZUN is in small letters in the lower right of the central circle of the coin.

Around below in the outer ring, the inscription CHALANDAMARZ. The rest of the outer ring is decorated with a garland of flowers

Obverse Inscription CHALANDAMARZ
Reverse
Switzerland / Five Francs 2003 Chalandamarz - reverse photo

The reverse shows the value and denomination 5 FR. in the centre the inner circle.

Around the inner circle, the legend CONFOEDERATIO HELVETICA (translated from Latin: Confederation of Switzerland) and the date 2003.

The mint mark B of Swissmint (ex Bern Mint) is in the lower right part of the inner circle.

The outer ring is decorated with a flower motif.

Reverse Inscription 5 FR. CONFOEDERATIO HELVETICA 2003
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

Mintage consists of 96,000 coins in uncirculated grade and 12,000 proofs. Some were issued in the year's uncirculated and proof mint sets and some were distributed individually.

Issued in Set
Schweizer Münzen Stempelglanz / Monnaies suisses Fleur de coin - Swissmint 2003, mintage 17,200
9 coins: 5 Fr. Burkhard, 5 Fr. Chalandamarz, 2 Fr., 1 Fr., 1/2 Fr., 20 c., 10 c., 5 c., 1 c.
Five Francs 2003 Chalandamarz: Known varieties
Variety Proof
Mintage Issued: 12,000 (included in total)
Details

Proof coins ("PP" from "Polierte Platte" in German) distributed individually or in the year's mint sets.

In Set Schweizer Münzen Polierte Platte / Monnaies suisses Flan bruni - Swissmint 2003, mintage 5,500
9 coins: 5 Fr. Burkhard, 5 Fr. Chalandamarz, 2 Fr., 1 Fr., 1/2 Fr., 20 c., 10 c., 5 c., 1 c.
Variety Trial Piece
Mintage Issued: 700
Details

Marked as a pattern / trial piece with a sign under the value: a small Swiss Cross within a circle interrupted by the letter E (for "Esasai").

Five Francs 2003 Chalandamarz: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Swissmint 2017 Mint link
Swissmint 2017 Mintage link
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Five Francs 2003 Chalandamarz: Details
CountrySwitzerland
CurrencySwiss Franc
Coin TypeFive Francs, Bimetallic
Issued2003
Face Value5 (x Franc)
Total Mintage108,000
CurrentYes
MaterialBimetallic
DesignerGian Vonzun
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size33.000 mm
Mass15.000 g
OCC IDRWKZ-EJNC-LXKA-EXGL
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Five Francs 2003 Chalandamarz: Photos
ImageDetails
Coin, Switzerland, 5 Francs 2003
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
Coin, Switzerland, 5 Francs 2003
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
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Five Francs 2003 Chalandamarz: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Schön, WeltmünzkatalogSweiz Schön# 96
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsSwitzerland KM# 98