Information about Coat of Arms: Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom

Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom / One Pound 2008 Royal Arms

The royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom, or the Royal Arms for short, is the official coat of arms of the British monarch and are used by the monarch in his/her official capacity. Variants of the Royal Arms are used by other members of the British royal family, by the British Government in connection with the administration and government of the country, and some courts and legislatures in a number of Commonwealth realms. In Scotland, there exists a separate version of the Royal Arms, a variant of which is used by the Scotland Office and the Judiciary.

In the standard variant used outside of Scotland, the shield is quartered, depicting in the first and fourth quarters the three passant guardant lions of England; in the second, the rampant lion and double tressure flory-counterflory of Scotland; and in the third, a harp for Ireland. The crest is a statant guardant lion wearing the St Edward's Crown, himself on another representation of that crown. The dexter supporter is a likewise crowned English lion; the sinister, a Scottish unicorn. According to legend a free unicorn was considered a very dangerous beast; therefore the heraldic unicorn is chained, as were both supporting unicorns in the royal coat of arms of Scotland.

In the greenery below, a thistle, Tudor rose and shamrock are depicted, representing Scotland, England and Ireland respectively. This armorial achievement comprises the motto, in French, of English monarchs, Dieu et mon Droit (God and my Right), which has descended to the present royal family as well as the Garter circlet which surrounds the shield, inscribed with the Order's motto, in French, Honi soit qui mal y pense (Shame on him who thinks evil). The official blazon of the Royal Arms is:

Quarterly, first and fourth Gules three Lions passant gardant in pale Or armed and langued Azure (for England), second quarter Or a Lion rampant within a double tressure flory-counter-flory Gules (for Scotland), third quarter Azure a Harp Or stringed Argent (for Ireland), the whole surrounded by the Garter; for a Crest, upon the Royal helm the Imperial Crown Proper, thereon a Lion statant gardant Or imperially crowned Proper; Mantling Or and Ermine; for Supporters, dexter a Lion rampant gardant Or crowned as the Crest, sinister a Unicorn Argent armed, crined and unguled Proper, gorged with a Coronet Or composed of Crosses patées and Fleurs-de-lis a Chain affixed thereto passing between the forelegs and reflexed over the back also Or. Motto "Dieu et mon Droit" in the compartment below the shield, with the Union Rose, Shamrock and Thistle engrafted on the same stem.

As the United Kingdom is governed in the monarch's name, the British Government also uses the Royal Arms as a national symbol of the United Kingdom and, in that capacity, the coat of arms can be seen on documents and forms, passports, in the entrance to embassies and consulates, etc. However, when used by the government and not by the monarch personally, the coat of arms is often represented without the helm.

The Royal Arms have regularly appeared on the coinage produced by the Royal Mint including, for example, from 1663, the Guinea and, from 1983, the British one pound coin. In 2008, a new series of designs for all seven coins of £1 and below was unveiled by the Royal Mint, every one of which is drawn from the Royal Arms. The full Royal Arms appear on the one pound coin, and sections appear on each of the other six, such that they can be put together like a puzzle to make another complete representation of the Royal Arms. The series was discontinued in 2016 though, with the introduction of the new Nations of the Crown bi-metallic coin.

Depictions of the Royal Arms on coins can show it in its full form, or the Shield only with no supporters (with or without the crown on top). The symbol is depicted on coins of the United Kingdom, as well as occasionally on commemorative coinage of British dependencies.

Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom - Example/s on coins
United Kingdom / One Pound 2008 Royal Arms

2008 UK Coin £1 BU Royal Coat of Arms

United Kingdom / One Pound 2008 Royal Arms

Full representation of the Royal Coat of Arms on £1 coins.

United Kingdom / Sovereign 1989 500th Anniversary

Commemorative representation with a Tudor rose in the background

United Kingdom / Sovereign 1989 500th Anniversary

This one-off design was issued in 1989 only. To commemorate the 500th anniversary of the first hammered gold sovereign coin issued by King Henry VII in 1489, the designs chosen for both sides of the 1989 gold coins reflect the designs originally used five centuries earlier.

Only the crowned shield is shown, with no supporters and no helmet.

United Kingdom / Gold Ounce 2019 Royal Arms

2019 interpretation on bullion coinage

United Kingdom / Gold Ounce 2019 Royal Arms

The iconic design by Eric Sewell was reinterpreted by Timothy Noad for the Royal Arms bullion coin range in 2019, in a style reminiscent of the Queen's Beasts series.

Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom - showing 100 of 255 coins (Page 1 of 3)
CountryNameMintageLegend
United Kingdom Sixpence 1816 unknown GEOR: III D: G: BRITT: REX F: D: 1816
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1816 unknown GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1816
United Kingdom Shilling 1816 unknown GEOR: III D: G: BRITT: REX F: D: 1816
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1817 Large Head 8,092,656 GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1817
United Kingdom Shilling 1817 23,031,360 GEOR: III D: G: BRITT: REX F: D: 1817
United Kingdom Sixpence 1817 10,921,680 GEOR: III D: G: BRITT: REX F: D: 1817
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1817 Small Head 8,092,656 GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1817
United Kingdom Shilling 1818 1,342,440 GEOR: III D: G: BRITT: REX F: D: 1818
United Kingdom Sixpence 1818 4,284,720 GEOR: III D: G: BRITT: REX F: D: 1818
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1818 2,905,056 GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1818
United Kingdom Shilling 1819 7,595,280 GEOR: III D: G: BRITT: REX F: D: 1819
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1819 4,790,016 GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1819
United Kingdom Sixpence 1819 4,712,400 GEOR: III D: G: BRITT: REX F: D: 1819
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1820 King George III 2,396,592 GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1820
United Kingdom Sixpence 1820 1,488,960 GEOR: III D: G: BRITT: REX F: D: 1820
United Kingdom Shilling 1820 King George III 7,975,440 GEOR: III D: G: BRITT: REX F: D: 1820
United Kingdom Shilling 1820 King George IV unknown GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1820 King George IV 2,396,592 GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1821 1,435,104 GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Shilling 1821 2,463,000 GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Sixpence 1821 863,280 GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1823 First Issue 2,003,760 GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Shilling 1823 693,000 GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1823 Second Issue 2,003,760 GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Sixpence 1824 633,600 GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1824 Second Issue 465,696 GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Shilling 1824 4,158,000 GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1824 Third Issue (Proof only) unknown GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA · 1824 ·
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1825 2,258,784 GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA · 1825 ·
United Kingdom Sixpence 1825 483,120 GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Shilling 1825 Second Issue 2,459,000 GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Sixpence 1826 Second Reverse 689,040 GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1826 2,189,088 GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA · 1826 ·
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1828 49,890 GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA · 1828 ·
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1829 508,464 GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA · 1829 ·
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1831 (Proof only) unknown GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1834 993,168 GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1835 281,952 GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1836 1,588,752 GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1837 150,526 GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1839 unknown VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1839
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1840 386,496 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1840
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1841 42,768 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1841
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1842 486,288 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1842
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1843 454,608 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1843
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1844 1,999,008 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1844
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1845 2,231,856 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1845
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1846 1,907,136 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1846
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1848 367,488 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1848
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1849 261,360 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1849
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1850 483,120 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1850
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1853 (Proof only) unknown VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1853
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1862 (Proof only) unknown VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1862
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1864 (Proof only) unknown VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1864
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1874 2,188,599 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1874
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1875 1,113,843 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1875
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1876 633,221 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1876
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1877 447,059 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1877
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1878 1,466,323 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1878
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1879 901,356 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1879
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1880 1,346,350 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1880
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1881 2,301,495 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1881
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1882 808,227 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1882
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1883 2,982,779 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1883
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1884 1,569,175 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1884
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1885 1,628,438 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1885
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1886 891,767 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1886
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1887 Young Head 1,438,046 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1887
United Kingdom Sixpence 1887 Withdrawn Type 3,675,607 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT: REGINA F: D:
United Kingdom Shilling 1887 Shield 4,034,133 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT: REGINA F: D:
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1887 Jubilee Head 1,438,046 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA
United Kingdom Shilling 1888 4,526,856 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT: REGINA F: D:
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1888 1,428,787 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA
United Kingdom Shilling 1889 Small Head 7,039,628 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT: REGINA F: D:
United Kingdom Shilling 1889 Large Head 7,039,628 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT: REGINA F: D:
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1889 4,811,954 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1890 3,228,111 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA
United Kingdom Shilling 1890 8,794,042 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT: REGINA F: D:
United Kingdom Shilling 1891 5,665,348 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT: REGINA F: D:
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1891 2,284,632 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1892 1,710,946 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA
United Kingdom Shilling 1892 4,591,622 VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT: REGINA F: D:
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1893 1,793,912 VICTORIA · DEI GRA · BRITT · REG ·
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1894 1,524,960 VICTORIA · DEI GRA · BRITT · REG ·
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1895 1,772,662 VICTORIA · DEI GRA · BRITT · REG ·
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1896 2,148,505 VICTORIA · DEI GRA · BRITT · REG ·
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1897 1,678,643 VICTORIA · DEI GRA · BRITT · REG ·
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1898 1,870,055 VICTORIA · DEI GRA · BRITT · REG ·
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1899 2,863,872 VICTORIA · DEI GRA · BRITT · REG ·
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1900 4,479,128 VICTORIA · DEI GRA · BRITT · REG ·
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1901 1,576,570 VICTORIA · DEI GRA · BRITT · REG ·
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1902 1,331,131 EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1903 274,840 EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1904 709,652 EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1905 166,000 EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1906 2,886,206 EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1907 3,693,930 EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1908 1,758,889 EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1909 3,051,592 EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
United Kingdom Halfcrown 1910 2,557,685 EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Showing 1 to 100 of 255 Coins.
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