Halfcrown 1823 First Issue, Coin from United Kingdom - detailed information

Halfcrown 1823 First Issue, Coin from United Kingdom (demonetised 1970)
CoinHalfcrown 1823 First Issue

The halfcrown (or half crown) was a denomination of the pre-decimal Pound Sterling coinage worth one-eighth of a pound, or two and a half shillings (a full crown being defined as five shillings), or 30 pence. In sums, it was abbreviated "2/6" (pronounced "two and six" - two shillings and six pence, a full shilling being twelve pence). The half crown was first issued in 1549 in the reign of King Edward VI.

At the beginning of the reign of King George IV, a new design was introduced for the denomination instead of the earlier King George III halfcrown type; it was common at the time to re-design the coinage for a new monarch. The halfcrown had the the same design as the shilling and sixpence coins issued at the same time; by tradition which was current at the time, the value of the coins was not written on them so the various denominations had exactly the same appearance and only differed in size and weight; being denominated as two and a half shillings, the halfcrown is exactly 2 1/2 times the weight of a shilling.

The design was short-lived and was soon replaced by an even more short-lived second issue, then a third type of King George IV halfcrown in 1824.

The composition is Sterling Silver (0.925 silver) and the coins have 0.4205 oz ASW (ounces of Absolute Silver Weight). The half crown was demonetised (ahead of other pre-decimal coins) on 1 January 1970, the year before the United Kingdom adopted decimal currency.

MintRoyal Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage2,003,760 (2.0 million)
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Obverse
United Kingdom / Halfcrown 1823 First Issue - obverse photo

Within a beaded border, the obverse of the coin depicts the laureate portrait of King George IV facing left.

The monarch's head is adorned by a laurel wreath, with a tie displaying a loop with two ends; his hair is short and the neck is bare; the portrait terminates at the neck, unlike on the farthing denomination where it also shows a tunic.

The artist's initials, B.P. (for Benedetto Pistrucci), are in small letters below the neck truncation.

Around left and right, the monarch's legend GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:, which is abbreviated from GEORGIVS IV DEI GRATIA BRITANNIARUM REX FIDEI DEFENSOR - translated from Latin, George the Fourth, by the Grace of God, King of the Britains, Defender of the Faith.

Obverse Inscription GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Reverse
United Kingdom / Halfcrown 1823 First Issue - reverse photo

The reverse of the coin shows the crowned and garnished shield bearing bearing the Royal Arms of the United Kingdom. The shield is quartered, depicting in the first and fourth quarters the three passant guardant lions of England; in the second, the rampant lion and double tressure flory-counterflory of Scotland; and in the third, a harp for Ireland. At centre, an escutcheon of the arms of the Kingdom of Hanover, of which King George IV was King as Georg IV. Augustus Friedrich; its shield is crowned with the Crown of Charlemagne.

The crown on top is St Edward's Crown, named after Saint Edward the Confessor, one of the last Anglo-Saxon kings of England. It has been traditionally used to crown English and British monarchs at their coronations since the 13th century, with a two-century gap between 1689 and 1911 so King George IV was not himself crowned with it.

The Royal Arms are surrounded by a rose, thistle and shamrock, the floral emblems of England, Scotland and Ireland respectively. In tiny letters at the centre of the shamrock leaves above right, the initials of the Master of the Mint WWP (for William Wellesley-Pole), one letter on each plant.

Around below, separated by the rose, the date of issue ANNO 1823 (from Latin: Year 1823).

Reverse Inscription ANNO 1823
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

The mintage figure includes also the "Second Issue" type halfcrowns of the same year. This first type is by far the rarer of the two.

Halfcrown 1823 First Issue: References to Information Used
Showing 100 from a total of 132 coins of type: Halfcrown
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Halfcrown 1816 unknown King George III - Large Bull Head GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1816
Halfcrown 1817 Large Head 8,092,656 King George III - Large Bull Head GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1817
Halfcrown 1817 Small Head 8,092,656 King George III - Small Head GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1817
Halfcrown 1818 2,905,056 King George III - Small Head GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1818
Halfcrown 1819 4,790,016 King George III - Small Head GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1819
Halfcrown 1820 King George III 2,396,592 King George III - Small Head GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1820
Halfcrown 1820 King George IV 2,396,592 King George IV - Laureate Head GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Halfcrown 1821 1,435,104 King George IV - Laureate Head GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Halfcrown 1823 First Issue 2,003,760 King George IV - Laureate Head GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Halfcrown 1823 Second Issue 2,003,760 King George IV - Laureate Head GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Halfcrown 1824 Second Issue 465,696 King George IV - Laureate Head GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Halfcrown 1824 Third Issue (Proof only) unknown Portrait by Jean Baptiste Merlen GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA · 1824 ·
Halfcrown 1825 2,258,784 Portrait by Jean Baptiste Merlen GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA · 1825 ·
Halfcrown 1826 2,189,088 Portrait by Jean Baptiste Merlen GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA · 1826 ·
Halfcrown 1828 49,890 Portrait by Jean Baptiste Merlen GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA · 1828 ·
Halfcrown 1829 508,464 Portrait by Jean Baptiste Merlen GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA · 1829 ·
Halfcrown 1831 (Proof only) unknown King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Halfcrown 1834 993,168 King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Halfcrown 1835 281,952 King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Halfcrown 1836 1,588,752 King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Halfcrown 1837 150,526 King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Halfcrown 1839 unknown Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1839
Halfcrown 1840 386,496 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1840
Halfcrown 1841 42,768 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1841
Halfcrown 1842 486,288 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1842
Halfcrown 1843 454,608 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1843
Halfcrown 1844 1,999,008 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1844
Halfcrown 1845 2,231,856 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1845
Halfcrown 1846 1,907,136 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1846
Halfcrown 1848 367,488 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1848
Halfcrown 1849 261,360 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1849
Halfcrown 1850 483,120 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1850
Halfcrown 1853 (Proof only) unknown Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1853
Halfcrown 1862 (Proof only) unknown Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1862
Halfcrown 1864 (Proof only) unknown Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1864
Halfcrown 1874 2,188,599 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1874
Halfcrown 1875 1,113,843 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1875
Halfcrown 1876 633,221 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1876
Halfcrown 1877 447,059 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1877
Halfcrown 1878 1,466,323 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1878
Halfcrown 1879 901,356 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1879
Halfcrown 1880 1,346,350 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1880
Halfcrown 1881 2,301,495 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1881
Halfcrown 1882 808,227 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1882
Halfcrown 1883 2,982,779 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1883
Halfcrown 1884 1,569,175 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1884
Halfcrown 1885 1,628,438 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1885
Halfcrown 1886 891,767 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1886
Halfcrown 1887 Young Head 1,438,046 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1887
Halfcrown 1887 Jubilee Head 1,438,046 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA
Halfcrown 1888 1,428,787 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA
Halfcrown 1889 4,811,954 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA
Halfcrown 1890 3,228,111 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA
Halfcrown 1891 2,284,632 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA
Halfcrown 1892 1,710,946 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA
Halfcrown 1893 1,793,912 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA DEI. GRA. BRITT. REG.
Halfcrown 1894 1,524,960 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA DEI. GRA. BRITT. REG.
Halfcrown 1895 1,772,662 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA DEI. GRA. BRITT. REG.
Halfcrown 1896 2,148,505 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA DEI. GRA. BRITT. REG.
Halfcrown 1897 1,678,643 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA DEI. GRA. BRITT. REG.
Halfcrown 1898 1,870,055 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA DEI. GRA. BRITT. REG.
Halfcrown 1899 2,863,872 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA DEI. GRA. BRITT. REG.
Halfcrown 1900 4,479,128 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA DEI. GRA. BRITT. REG.
Halfcrown 1901 1,576,570 Queen Victoria - Veiled Head VICTORIA DEI. GRA. BRITT. REG.
Halfcrown 1902 1,331,131 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1903 274,840 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1904 709,652 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1905 166,000 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1906 2,886,206 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1907 3,693,930 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1908 1,758,889 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1909 3,051,592 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1910 2,557,685 King Edward VII - Bare Head EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1911 2,920,580 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1912 4,700,789 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1913 4,090,169 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1914 18,333,003 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1915 32,433,066 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1916 29,530,020 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1917 11,172,052 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1918 29,079,592 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1919 10,266,737 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1920 17,983,077 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1921 23,677,889 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1922 16,396,774 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1923 26,308,526 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1924 5,866,294 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1925 1,413,461 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1926 4,473,516 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1927 Old Design 6,852,872 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1927 New Design 15,000 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1928 18,762,727 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1929 17,632,636 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1930 809,501 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1931 11,264,468 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1932 4,793,643 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1933 10,311,494 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1934 2,422,399 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1935 7,022,216 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Halfcrown 1936 7,039,423 King George V - Bare Head GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: BRITT: OMN: REX
Showing 1 to 100 of 132 Coins.
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Halfcrown 1823 First Issue: Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Coin TypeHalfcrown King George IV, First Issue
Issued1823
MonarchKing George IV
EffigyKing George IV - Laureate Head by Benedetto Pistrucci
ReverseRoyal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom
Face Value2 1/2 (x Shilling)
Total Mintage2,003,760 (2.0 million)
CurrentNo; demonetised 1970
Material0.925 Silver
DesignerJean Baptiste Merlen
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationCoin Alignment (Axis 6)
Size32.000 mm
Thickness1.600 mm
Mass14.138 g
OCC IDYAPV-ZOYR-CABV-ELMD
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Halfcrown 1823 First Issue: Photos
ImageDetails
1823 George IV, First Reverse halfcrown
Copyright: Baldwin's
Source
1823 George IV, First Reverse halfcrown
Copyright: Baldwin's
Source
Halfcrown 1823 First Issue: Catalogue Reference IDs