Leopold II (Peter Leopold Josef Anton Joachim Pius Gotthard) was Holy Roman Emperor and King of Hungary and Bohemia from 1790 to 1792, Archduke of Austria and Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1765 to 1790. He was a son of Emperor Francis I and his wife, Empress Maria Theresa, and the brother of Marie Antoinette. Leopold was a moderate proponent of enlightened absolutism.
On the death of his elder brother, Charles, in 1761, it was decided that Leopold should succeed to his father's Grand Duchy of Tuscany, which was erected into a "secundogeniture", or apanage, for a second son. This settlement was the condition of his marriage on 5 August 1764 with Infanta Maria Luisa of Spain, daughter of Charles III of Spain and Maria Amalia of Saxony. On the death of his father, Francis I (18 August 1765), he succeeded to the grand duchy.
Leopold died suddenly in Vienna, in March 1792, although some claimed he was poisoned or secretly murdered.
His full title was:
Leopold II, By the Grace of God, Holy Roman Emperor; King of Germany, Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, Galicia and Lodomeria, Rama, Serbia, Cumania and Bulgaria; Archduke of Austria; Duke of Burgundy, Lorraine, Styria, Carinthia, Carniola, Grand Duke of Etruria; Grand Prince of Transylvania; Margrave of Moravia, Prince of Brabant, Limburg, Luxembourg, Geldern, Württemberg, Upper and Lower Silesia, Milan, Mantua, Parma, Piacenza, Guastalla, Auschwitz and Zatoria, Calabria, Bar, Ferrete and Teschen; Lord of Svevia and Charleville; Count of Habsburg, Flanders, Hannonia, Kyburg, Gorizia, Gradisca; Margrave of Burgau, Upper and Lower Lusatia, Pont-a-Mousson and Nomenum, Count of Provinces of Namur, Valdemons, Albimons, Count of Zütphen, Sarverda, Salma and Falkenstein, Lord of the Wend Margravate and Mechelen, etc.
|Reigned as||In Country||From||To||Coins Issued|
|Pietro Leopoldo I (Grand Duke Peter Leopold I), Holy Roman Emperor as Leopold II||Tuscany, Grand Duchy of||18 August 1765||22 July 1790|
|Erzherzog Leopold VII. (Archduke Leopold VII), Holy Roman Emperor as Leopold II||Austria, Habsburg Monarchy||20 February 1790||1 March 1792|
|Leopold II. (King Leopold II), Holy Roman Emperor||Bohemia||20 February 1790||1 March 1792|
|Leopold II. (King Leopold II), Holy Roman Emperor||Croatia, Habsburg Kingdom of||20 February 1790||1 March 1792|
|II. Lipót (King Leopold II), Holy Roman Emperor||Hungary, First Kingdom of||20 February 1790||1 March 1792||1|
|Léopold (Duke Leopold), Holy Roman Emperor as Leopold II||Luxemburg, Duchy of||20 February 1790||1 March 1792|
|Leopoldo (Duke Leopold), Holy Roman Emperor as Leopold II||Milan||20 February 1790||1 March 1792|
|Emperor Leopold II, Archduke of Austria as Leopold VII||Holy Roman Empire||30 September 1790||1 March 1792|