Two Euro Eagle Obverse, Germany, Coin Type from Germany - detailed information

Two Euro Eagle Obverse, Germany, Coin Type from Germany (issued 2002 - )
Coin TypeTwo Euro Eagle Obverse, Germany

The Two Euro coin (€2.00) is a circulating bi-metallic coin made of two alloys: the inner part of nickel brass, the outer part of copper-nickel. Like all the common circulation coins (from 1 cent to €2), the denomination is issued by the separate countries in the Eurozone and is legal tender in all of them, irrespective of which country has issued it. The denomination was introduced in 2002, when Germany retired the German Mark currency and introduced the Euro.

The coins have a common reverse designed by Luc Luycx in 1999 which shows a map of the European Union; it was changed in 2007 to reflect the enlargement of the Union. Each country has its own national obverse; the German obverse was designed by the family duo of designers Heinz Hoyer and Sneschana Russewa-Hoyer; it features an interpretation of the German Federal Eagle - the Bundesadler (German for "Federal Eagle"), formerly known as Reichsadler (German for "Imperial Eagle") - a symbol of German sovereignty.

The edge lettering on German €2 coins reads EINIGKEIT UND RECHT UND FREIHEIT - "unity and justice and freedom" - Germany's national motto and the beginning of Germany's national anthem, followed by the Federal Eagle.

Germany has five mints striking circulation coins, which have an arrangement whereby each mint strikes a specific proportion of the circulation coins every year. The mints and their mint marks are:
- Berlin Mint - mint mark A
- Munich Mint - mint mark D
- SMBW - Stuttgart (ex Stuttgart Mint) - mint mark F
- SMBW - Karlsruhe (ex Karlsruhe Mint) - mint mark G
- Hamburg Mint - mint mark J
Note that two of them are part of Staatliche Münzen Baden-Württemberg (SMBW) - the State Mints of Baden-Württemberg - after they merged in 1998, but operate separate facilities and use different mint marks.

Obverse
Germany / Two Euro Eagle Obverse, Germany - obverse photo

At centre, the obverse of the coin shows the Federal Eagle of Germany with outstretched wings.

Below the eagle is the date of issue: [year]; below right, a small letter represents the mint mark of the issuing mint.

In the outer ring, the twelve stars of the European Union (representing the twelve original member states), on a background of thin horizontal lines.

Obverse Inscription ************ [year]
Reverse
Germany / Two Euro Eagle Obverse, Germany - reverse photo

The reverse of the coin shows on the right a representation of a map of the western part of Europe.

Behind the map and interrupted by it, six vertical lines connect the twelve stars of Europe - six around above right, and six around below right.

On the left, a large numeral value: 2; on the right, overlaid on the map, the denomination EURO.

The designer's monogram LL (for Luc Luycx) is below right in the rim, below the O in EURO.

Reverse Inscription 2 EURO
EdgeMilled, inscribedEdge InscriptionEINIGKEIT UND RECHT UND FREIHEIT
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Royal Mint
Royal Mint
Two Euro Eagle Obverse, Germany: Details
CountryGermany
CurrencyEuro, Germany
Sub-type ofTwo Euro, Germany
From2002
Face Value2 (x Euro, Germany)
CurrentYes
MaterialBimetallic
DesignerLuc Luycx, Heinz Hoyer, Sneschana Russewa-Hoyer
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size25.750 mm
Thickness2.200 mm
Mass8.500 g