|Coin Type||Five Rand, Commemorative (Bimetallic)|
The Rand currency was introduced in the then Union of South Africa on 14 February 1961, shortly before the establishment of the Republic on 31 May 1961. The largest circulating coin at the time was fifty cents; gradually, new coins were introduced to replace banknotes, with the highest circulating denomination now being Five Rand (abbreviated as R5). The Five Rand coin is bimetallic, with a brass centre and a copper-nickel outer ring. The edge has a "security groove" and lettering repeated ten times around the coin: SARB R5 (SARB for the South African Reserve Bank, which is the issuer of the coin, and R5 as abbreviation of the value).
From time to time, the South African Mint issues commemorative designs in the denomination, to mark special occasions.
The obverse shows the Coat of Arms of South Africa at centre, with the legend SOUTH AFRICA written around left and around right in two of the eleven official languages of the country; there is a system of rotation and every year a different pair is used. The possible inscriptions and languages are:
Aforika Borwa in Tswana,
The date of issue: · [year] · is above the Coat of Arms, separating the two inscriptions.
The designer's initials ALS (for Arthur L. Sutherland) are to the left of the Coat of Arms.
|Obverse Inscription||SOUTH AFRICA · [year] ·|
Various designs as individually described below.
|Reverse Inscription||5 RAND|
|Edge||Security Groove with Lettering|
|Edge Inscription||SARB R5 (repeated ten times)|