Ten Centimes (Rappen), Brass, Coin Type from Switzerland - detailed information

Ten Centimes (Rappen), Brass, Coin Type from Switzerland (issued 1918 - 1919)
Coin TypeTen Centimes (Rappen), Brass

The Ten Centimes coin is currently the second smallest circulating denomination of the Swiss Franc after the Five Centimes (One Centime and Two Centimes denominations were demonetised in 2007 and 1978 respectively). Given that Switzerland has four official languages, the sub-unit of the Franc has four different names; it is centime (c.) in French, Rappen (Rp.) in German, centesimo (ct.) in Italian and rap (rp.) in Romansh. Some English-language catalogues call the coin a 10 Rappen coin, but the English-language publications of the Swiss National Bank and Swissmint prefer the term 10 centimes.

The first version of the 10 centimes / rappen coin was designed by Carl Friedrich Voigt of the Munich Mint (then Royal Bavarian Mint). On the obverse it featured the Swiss Coat of Arms (a rendering quite different from that on the One Centime and Two Centimes denominations released at the same time but designed by Alexander Hutter), on two oak branches. The reverse shows the value (only a numeral, no text) within a wreath of oak branches. This original reverse has remained unchanged and is still used on current coins.

The first version was lighter (2.5 grams) and made of billon (an alloy with a very low quantity of silver), the composition of which varied through the years. It was issued until 1876 and was demonetised on 30th June 1886.

In 1879, the obverse was changed to a design by Karl Schwenzer featuring the effigy of Libertas. The metal was changed to copper-nickel and the coin became slightly heavier (3 grams). This version is still current, and the earliest of these coins are the oldest in the world legal tender still circulating.

Similar to other denominations, the 10 centimes were also issued in different metals throughout their history: brass in 1918 and 1919 (this type; demonetised on 1st January 1924) and a pure nickel type issued 1932 - 1939 which was demonetised on 1st January 2004.

Obverse
Switzerland / Ten Centimes (Rappen), Brass - obverse photo

The obverse features an effigy of Libertas, the Roman goddess and embodiment of Liberty. It depicts a female head looking right, with a ribbon in her hair, wearing a diadem with the text LIBERTAS on it. Around, the legend · CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · (translated from Latin: Swiss Federation), separated from the date [year] below by quatrefoils (flower shape with four leaves) for dots.

Obverse Inscription· CONFŒDERATIO HELVETICA · [year]
Reverse
Switzerland / Ten Centimes (Rappen), Brass - reverse photo

The reverse shows the value 10 (only a numeral, no text) within a wreath of oak branches. This original reverse has remained unchanged since 1850 to present.

The mint mark B of Swissmint (earlier known as the Bern Mint or the Federal Mint of Switzerland) is under the ribbon tying the wreath.

Reverse Inscription10
EdgePlain
Edge InscriptionNone
Ten Centimes (Rappen), Brass: Details
CountrySwitzerland
CurrencySwiss Franc
Sub-type ofTen Centimes (Rappen)
From1918
To1919
Face Value10 (x Centime)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1924)
MaterialBrass
DesignerCarl Friedrich Voigt, Karl Schwenzer
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationSame (Medal Alignment, Axis 0 / Axis 12)
Size (mm)19.1500
Thickness (mm)1.4500
Mass (g)3
Ten Centimes (Rappen), Brass: Photos
ImageDetails
Coin, Switzerland, 10 Rappen 1918
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
Coin, Switzerland, 10 Rappen 1918
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source