Half Sovereign (Pre-decimal, Shield), Coin Type from United Kingdom - detailed information

Half Sovereign (Pre-decimal, Shield), Coin Type from United Kingdom (issued 1817 - 1893)
Coin TypeHalf Sovereign (Pre-decimal, Shield)

Half sovereigns of 1823-25 are very scarce, as is the superseding bare head type of 1826-28. Half sovereigns were not minted in large numbers until the 1840's.

Die numbering was an experiment done at the Royal Mint between 1863 and 1880 apparently in an attempt to gather data on die life. Die numbers are also noted on sixpences, shillings, florins and sovereigns.

Composition: fineness 22 carats (11/12 fine gold and 1/12 alloy). Millesimal fineness 916.66.

Obverse

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, legend (in Latin).

Obverse Inscription
Reverse

Reverse Inscription
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

References to additional information:

[Book] Marsh, Michael A. The Gold Half Sovereign. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Coins, 1982.

Coin Type: Half Sovereign (Pre-decimal, Shield) - (70) Coins
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Half Sovereign 1817 2,080,197 Portrait by Benedetto Pistrucci (Laureate Head) GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1817
Half Sovereign 1818 1,030,286 Portrait by Benedetto Pistrucci (Laureate Head) GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1818
Half Sovereign 1820 35,043 Portrait by Benedetto Pistrucci (Laureate Head) GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA 1820
Half Sovereign 1821 231,288 King George IV - Laureate Head GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Half Sovereign 1823 224,280 King George IV - Laureate Head GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Half Sovereign 1824 591,538 King George IV - Laureate Head GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Half Sovereign 1825 761,150 King George IV - Laureate Head GEORGIUS IIII D: G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Half Sovereign 1826 344,830 Portrait by Jean Baptiste Merlen GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA 1826
Half Sovereign 1827 492,014 Portrait by Jean Baptiste Merlen GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA 1827
Half Sovereign 1828 1,244,745 Portrait by Jean Baptiste Merlen GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA 1828
Half Sovereign 1831 (Proof only) unknown King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Half Sovereign 1834 133,899 King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Half Sovereign 1835 772,554 King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Half Sovereign 1836 146,865 King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Half Sovereign 1837 160,207 King William IV - Bare Head GULIELMUS IIII D:G: BRITANNIAR: REX F: D:
Half Sovereign 1838 273,341 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1838
Half Sovereign 1839 (Proof only) 1,230 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1839
Half Sovereign 1841 508,835 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1841
Half Sovereign 1842 2,223,352 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1842
Half Sovereign 1843 1,251,762 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1843
Half Sovereign 1844 1,127,007 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1844
Half Sovereign 1845 887,526 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1845
Half Sovereign 1846 1,063,928 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1846
Half Sovereign 1847 982,636 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1847
Half Sovereign 1848 410,595 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1848
Half Sovereign 1849 845,112 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1849
Half Sovereign 1850 179,595 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1850
Half Sovereign 1851 773,573 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1851
Half Sovereign 1852 1,377,671 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1852
Half Sovereign 1853 2,708,796 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1853
Half Sovereign 1854 1,125,144 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1854
Half Sovereign 1855 2,391,362 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1855
Half Sovereign 1856 2,391,909 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1856
Half Sovereign 1857 728,223 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1857
Half Sovereign 1858 855,578 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1858
Half Sovereign 1859 2,203,813 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1859
Half Sovereign 1860 1,131,500 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1860
Half Sovereign 1861 1,130,867 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1861
Half Sovereign 1862 unknown Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1862
Half Sovereign 1863 1,371,574 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1863
Half Sovereign 1864 1,758,490 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1864
Half Sovereign 1865 1,834,750 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1865
Half Sovereign 1866 2,058,776 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1866
Half Sovereign 1867 992,795 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1867
Half Sovereign 1869 1,861,764 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1869
Half Sovereign 1870 1,159,544 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1870
Half Sovereign 1871 2,242,970 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1871
Half Sovereign 1872 3,604,627 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1872
Half Sovereign 1873 2,092,084 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1873
Half Sovereign 1874 1,884,432 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1874
Half Sovereign 1875 768,240 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1875
Half Sovereign 1876 2,785,187 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1876
Half Sovereign 1877 2,337,482 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1877
Half Sovereign 1878 2,081,941 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1878
Half Sovereign 1879 255,201 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1879
Half Sovereign 1880 1,089,049 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1880
Half Sovereign 1881 104,000 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1881
Half Sovereign 1882 158,000 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1882
Half Sovereign 1883 3,090,457 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1883
Half Sovereign 1884 1,181,756 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1884
Half Sovereign 1885 4,479,871 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1885
Half Sovereign 1886 120,000 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1886
Half Sovereign 1887 Young head 198,000 Queen Victoria - Young Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA 1887
Half Sovereign 1887 Jubilee head 1,070,567 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA
Half Sovereign 1888 (Proof only) unknown Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA
Half Sovereign 1889 64,000 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA
Half Sovereign 1890 2,266,023 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA
Half Sovereign 1891 1,233,286 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA
Half Sovereign 1892 13,680,486 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA
Half Sovereign 1893 Shield 4,536,649 Queen Victoria - Jubilee Head VICTORIA DEI GRATIA
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Half Sovereign (Pre-decimal, Shield): Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Sub-type ofHalf Sovereign (Pre-decimal)
From1817
To1893
Face Value1/2 (x Pound)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1971)
Material0.9167 Gold
DesignerJean Baptiste Merlen
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
Size19.300 mm
Thickness0.990 mm
Mass3.994 g
Half Sovereign (Pre-decimal, Shield): Photos
ImageDetails
Coin - Half-Sovereign, George IV, Great Britain, 1821
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Source
Coin - Half-Sovereign, George IV, Great Britain, 1824
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Source
Proof Coin - Half-Sovereign, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Source
Great Britain 1887 1/2 sovereign
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Source
Coin - Half-Sovereign, George IV, Great Britain, 1824
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George IV, portrait by Pistrucci (1817 - 1825).
Source
Coin - Half-Sovereign, George IV, Great Britain, 1828
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: King George IV, portrait by Merlen (1826 - 1828).
Source
Proof Coin - Half-Sovereign, William IV, Great Britain, 1831
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Source
Great Britain 1883 1/2 sovereign
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria, Young Head (1838 - 1887).
Source
Great Britain 1887 1/2 sovereign
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Queen Victoria, Jubilee Head (1887 - 1893).
Source