Jubilee Florin, Coin Type from United Kingdom - detailed information

Jubilee Florin, Coin Type from United Kingdom (issued 1887 - 1892)
Coin TypeJubilee Florin

The pre-decimal florin (2s) was a unit of currency equalling two shillings, or one tenth of a pound sterling, or twenty-four pence. The denomination was introduced in 1849 (with a pattern minted in 1848) as the first move towards decimalisation of the British coinage.

The first type of florin was the so-called Godless Florin (1848 and 1849), followed by the Gothic Florin (1851 - 1887). In 1887, it was replaced with a new design on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of Queen Victoria's accession to the throne (her Golden Jubilee), consequently called the Jubilee Florin. Its reverse continues the tradition of having four cruciform shields representing the three constituent parts of the United Kingdom (the Shield of England is featured twice), but with sceptres replacing the floral symbols. The reverse design was created and engraved by Leonard Charles Wyon (who also engraved the obverse), as an adaptation from the five guinea coin of Queen Anne. The obverse displays the Queen's Jubilee portrait by Joseph Edgar Boehm. Double Florins issued during the same period are exactly the same in appearance (including all inscriptions, which do not indicate the denomination), and only differ in size.

The type was only issued until 1892, when it was supplanted by a three shields design consistent with that of the contemporary shilling.

The composition is Sterling Silver (0.925 silver) and the coins have 0.3364 oz ASW (ounce of Absolute Silver Weight). When the currency became decimal in 1971, by which point the denomination was already debased to copper-nickel, florins were re-denominated as ten new pence; they remained legal tender until 1993, when a smaller type of ten pence replaced them.

Obverse
United Kingdom / Jubilee Florin - obverse photo

The obverse of the coin shows an older bust of Queen Victoria facing left, wearing the small imperial crown, a long veil falling behind her head, a pearl necklace and earrings, the Ribbon and Star of the Garter and the badge of the Imperial Order of India.

The effigy was created by Joseph Edgar Boehm to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria (50 years on the throne), 1837-1887, and is known as her "Jubilee Head" portrait.

Around, the monarch's legend: VICTORIA DEI GRATIA. Translated from Latin: Victoria, by the Grace of God.

Obverse Inscription VICTORIA DEI GRATIA
Reverse
United Kingdom / Jubilee Florin - reverse photo

Within a beaded border, the reverse design depicts crowned cruciform (in a cross pattern) shields bearing the three lions passant of England (twice, in positions 1 and 3), the lion rampant of Scotland (2), and the harp of Ireland (4). The shields are separated by sceptres, two surmounted with a crowned orb, one with a harp and one with a thistle - represening England, Ireland and Scotland. In the centre, a cross surrounded by a circle with line radiating out forming a diamond pattern.

Around above, interrupted by St Edward's crown on top of the English shield, the date of issue, [year].

Around left and around right, the continuation of the monarch's legend: BRITT: REG: FID: DEF: (Brittaniarum Regina, Fidei Defensor - Queen of the Britains, Defender of the Faith).

Reverse Inscription BRITT: REG: [year] FID: DEF:
EdgeMilledEdge InscriptionNone
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Jubilee Florin: Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling (pre-decimal)
Sub-type ofFlorin (Two Shillings)
From1887
To1892
Face Value2 (x Shilling)
CurrentNo (demonetised 1993)
Material0.925 Silver
DesignerLeonard Charles Wyon, Joseph Edgar Boehm
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size29.5000 mm
Mass11.3100 g
Jubilee Florin: Photos
ImageDetails
Great Britain 1887 florin KM-762
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Proof.
Source
Great Britain 1887 florin KM-762
Copyright: CoinFactsWiki / CC BY-SA
Author:
Notes: Proof.
Source