Twenty Pence, Coin Type from United Kingdom - detailed information

Twenty Pence, Coin Type from United Kingdom (issued 1982 - )
Coin TypeTwenty Pence

The British twenty pence (20p) coin - often pronounced "twenty pee" - is a unit of currency equaling twenty one-hundredths of a pound sterling. Its obverse has featured the profile of Queen Elizabeth II since the coin’s introduction in 1982. Four different portraits of the Queen have been used on the coin, with the latest design by Jody Clark being introduced in 2015. The second and current reverse, featuring a segment of the Royal Shield, was introduced in 2008.

Unlike the smaller denominations, the twenty pence coin was not introduced at decimalisation in 1970 but was added later. By the end of the 1970s it had become apparent that the new decimal coinage was in need of change because it was widely regarded as much too heavy. After a review of the coinage, it was proposed that the introduction of a 20p piece would substantially reduce the weight of coins in the system by decreasing the number of 10p coins in use. The denomination was first issued in 1982; consequently, it featured a design by William Gardner (showing a crowned Tudor rose) and not by Christopher Ironside like the rest of the series. This original reverse design was changed to the current version featuring a segment of the Royal Shield by Matthew Dent in 2008; coins of the old design are still current and circulate together with the new ones.

To help identification and avoid confusion with similar sized coins the 20p is seven sided and like the 50p is an equilateral curve heptagon. The shape, with its constant rolling diameter, means that it is readily acceptable in vending machines. Its composition is 84% copper and 16% nickel.

Twenty and fifty pence coins are legal tender only up to the sum of £10; this means that it is permissible to refuse payment of sums greater than this amount in 20p coins in order to settle a debt.

Obverse
United Kingdom / Twenty Pence - obverse photo

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, legend (in Latin). The date was not shown on the obverse before 2008.

Obverse InscriptionLegend of the ruling British monarch, date
Reverse
United Kingdom / Twenty Pence - reverse photo

There have been two reverse designs of the twenty pence coin.

The original design by William Gardner featured a crowned Tudor rose, with the numeral value 20 below the rose, and the value and denomination in words: TWENTY PENCE around above. The date is incuse and divided by the crown. Small incuse letters W and G divided by the rose represent the artist's initials.

This was superseded in 2008 by a new design by Matthew Dent. In a world-first concept, the designs for the 1p, 2p, 10p, 20p and 50p coins depict sections of the Royal Shield that form the whole shield when placed together. The shield in its entirety is featured on the £1 coin.

The twenty pence coin depicts the meeting point of the second and fourth quarter of the Royal Shield, showing the Lion Rampant of Scotland and the Lions Passants of England. The value and denomination TWENTY PENCE are around right. There is no date on the reverse.

Reverse Inscription20 TWENTY PENCE [year] (1982 - 2008), TWENTY PENCE (2008 - present)
EdgePlain
Edge InscriptionNone
All Coins of Type: Twenty Pence (39)
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Twenty Pence 1982 741,126,800 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1983 159,207,800 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1984 65,616,305 Portrait by Arnold Machin (Second Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1985 74,554,089 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1986 (Proof and mint sets only) 271,821 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1987 137,711,084 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1988 38,251,725 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1989 132,177,163 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1990 88,279,158 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1991 36,031,369 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1992 31,345,747 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1993 123,246,775 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1994 67,375,942 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1995 102,171,286 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1996 83,317,832 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1997 89,709,055 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1998 77,124,862 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D
Twenty Pence 1999 73,695,590 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D
Twenty Pence 2000 136,618,969 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D
Twenty Pence 2001 148,229,613 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D
Twenty Pence 2002 93,481,309 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D
Twenty Pence 2003 153,540,262 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D
Twenty Pence 2004 120,332,137 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D
Twenty Pence 2005 124,611,013 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D
Twenty Pence 2006 114,937,798 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D
Twenty Pence 2007 117,205,093 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D
Twenty Pence 2008 (Gardner design) 12,072,577 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D
Twenty Pence 2008 (Dent design) 115,142,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2008
Twenty Pence 2009 121,765,300 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2009
Twenty Pence 2010 112,965,500 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2010
Twenty Pence 2011 191,665,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2011
Twenty Pence 2012 69,683,530 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2012
Twenty Pence 2013 66,359,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2013
Twenty Pence 2014 173,809,500 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2014
Twenty Pence 2015 (Fourth Portrait) 63,175,000 Portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley (Fourth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2015
Twenty Pence 2015 (Fifth Portrait) 131,250,000 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2015 ·
Twenty Pence 2016 161,000,000 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2016 ·
Twenty Pence 2017 (Proof and mint sets only) unknown Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2017 ·
Twenty Pence 2018 unknown Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2018 ·
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Twenty Pence: Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling
Sub-types Twenty Pence (Gardner design)
Twenty Pence (Dent design)
From1982
Face Value20 (x Penny)
CurrentYes
MaterialCuproNickel
DesignerWilliam Gardner, Matthew Dent
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeHeptagon (Seven-sided)
OrientationSame (Medal Alignment, Axis 0 / Axis 12)
Size (mm)21.4000
Thickness (mm)1.7000
Mass (g)5
Twenty Pence: Photos
ImageDetails
United Kingdom 20 Pence 2003
Copyright: World Coin Shop
Source
Coin, Great Britain, Elizabeth II, 20 Pence, 2008
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
Coin, Great Britain, Elizabeth II, 20 Pence, 1984
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
Great Britain, Elizabeth II, 20 Pence, 1993
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
United Kingdom 20 Pence 2003
Copyright: World Coin Shop
Source