Twenty Pence 2008 (Gardner design), Coin from United Kingdom - detailed information

Twenty Pence 2008 (Gardner design), Coin from United Kingdom
CoinTwenty Pence 2008 (Gardner design)

The British twenty pence (20p) coin - often pronounced "twenty pee" - is a unit of currency equaling twenty one-hundredths of a pound sterling.

Unlike the smaller denominations, the twenty pence coin was not introduced at decimalisation in 1970 but was added in 1982, with a design by William Gardner (showing a crowned Tudor rose). This original reverse design was changed to the current version featuring a segment of the Royal Shield by Matthew Dent in 2008; coins of the old design are still current and circulate together with the new ones.

To help identification and avoid confusion with similar sized coins the 20p is seven sided and like the 50p is an equilateral curve heptagon. The shape, with its constant rolling diameter, means that it is readily acceptable in vending machines. Its composition is 84% copper and 16% nickel.

Coins issued in 2008 have now been circulating for 13 years.

Twenty and fifty pence coins are legal tender only up to the sum of £10; this means that it is permissible to refuse payment of sums greater than this amount in 20p coins in order to settle a debt.

MintRoyal Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage12,072,577 (12.1 million), Rarity: C (Common)
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Obverse

The obverse of the coins shows the crowned mature head of Queen Elizabeth II facing right (her effigy known as the "Fourth Portrait"). The Queen wears the "Girls of Great Britain and Ireland" diamond tiara, a wedding gift from Queen Mary (Her Majesty's grandmother) in 1947 - which she also has on the Machin and the Gottwald portraits.

In small letters below the head, the artist's initials IRB (for Ian Rank-Broadley).

Around the effigy is the monarch's legend: ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D. Translated from Latin: Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen, Defender of the Faith.

Obverse Inscription ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D
Reverse

The reverse shows a crowned Tudor rose, with the numeral value 20 below the rose, and the value and denomination in words: TWENTY PENCE around above. The date: 2008, is incuse and divided by the crown. Small incuse letters W and G divided by the rose represent the artist's initials.

Reverse Inscription 20 TWENTY PENCE 2008
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

This was the last year when twenty pence coins of the William Gardner design were issued.

Twenty Pence 2008 (Gardner design): Known varieties
Variety In mint sets
Mintage Issued: 136,244 (included in total)
In Sets 2008 United Kingdom Brilliant Uncirculated Coin Collection, mintage 79,118
9 coins: £2 Technology, £2 London Olympics 1908, £1 Royal Arms, 50p, 20p, 10p, 5p, 2p, 1p
- variety: 2008 United Kingdom Brilliant Uncirculated Coin Collection (Baby Gift Set), mintage unknown (included in the above set)

United Kingdom Brilliant Uncirculated Coin Collection Emblems of Britain, mintage 57,126
7 coins: £1 Royal Arms, 50p, 20p, 10p, 5p, 2p, 1p
Variety Proof FDC
Mintage Issued: 36,333 (included in total)
In Set United Kingdom 2008 Proof Coin Collection, mintage 17,719
11 coins: £5 Queen Elizabeth I, £5 Prince Charles, £2 Technology, £2 London Olympics 1908, £1 Royal Arms, 50p, 20p, 10p, 5p, 2p, 1p
- variety: United Kingdom 2008 Proof Coin Collection (Deluxe), mintage 13,614 (not included in the above set)
- variety: United Kingdom 2008 Executive Proof Coin Collection, mintage 5,000 (not included in the above set)
Variety Silver Proof FDC
Mintage Issued: 8,168
Material0.925 Silver
Details

21.40 mm, 5.00 g of Sterling Silver (0.1487 oz. ASW).

In Set 2008 United Kingdom Coinage Emblems of Britain Silver Proof Collection, mintage 8,168
7 coins: £1 Royal Arms, 50p, 20p, 10p, 5p, 2p, 1p
Variety Gold Proof FDC
Mintage Issued: 708
Material0.917 Gold
Details

21.40 mm, 5.00 g of 22-carat Gold.

In Set 2008 United Kingdom Coinage Emblems of Britain Gold Proof Collection, mintage 780
7 coins: £1 Royal Arms, 50p, 20p, 10p, 5p, 2p, 1p
Variety Platinum Proof FDC
Mintage Issued: 250
Material0.999 Platinum
Details

21.40 mm, 12.01 g of 99.9% Platinum.

In Set 2008 United Kingdom Coinage Emblems of Britain Platinum Proof Collection, mintage 250
7 coins: £1 Royal Arms, 50p, 20p, 10p, 5p, 2p, 1p
Twenty Pence 2008 (Gardner design): References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Royal Mint 28th March 2019 Mint link
Royal Mint 28th March 2019 Mintage link Circulation mintage
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom Mintage Proof and sets mintage
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom Varieties Proofs, mint sets
All (42) coins of type: Twenty Pence
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Twenty Pence 1982 741,126,800 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1983 159,207,800 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1984 65,616,305 Queen Elizabeth II - Second Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1985 74,554,089 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1986 (mint sets only) 271,821 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1987 137,711,084 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1988 38,251,725 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1989 132,177,163 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1990 88,279,158 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1991 36,031,369 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1992 31,345,747 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1993 123,246,775 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1994 67,375,942 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1995 102,171,286 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1996 83,317,832 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1997 89,709,055 Queen Elizabeth II - Third Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D ·
Twenty Pence 1998 77,124,862 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D
Twenty Pence 1999 73,695,590 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D
Twenty Pence 2000 136,618,969 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D
Twenty Pence 2001 148,229,613 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D
Twenty Pence 2002 93,481,309 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D
Twenty Pence 2003 153,540,262 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D
Twenty Pence 2004 120,332,137 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D
Twenty Pence 2005 124,611,013 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D
Twenty Pence 2006 114,937,798 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D
Twenty Pence 2007 117,205,093 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D
Twenty Pence 2008 (Gardner design) 12,072,577 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH II D · G · REG · F · D
Twenty Pence 2008 (Dent design) 115,142,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2008
Twenty Pence 2009 121,766,070 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2009
Twenty Pence 2010 112,965,500 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2010
Twenty Pence 2011 191,709,981 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2011
Twenty Pence 2012 69,753,832 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2012
Twenty Pence 2013 66,371,937 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2013
Twenty Pence 2014 173,817,594 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2014
Twenty Pence 2015 (Fourth Portrait) 63,220,762 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2015
Twenty Pence 2015 (Fifth Portrait) 131,275,285 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2015 ·
Twenty Pence 2016 212,673,830 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2016 ·
Twenty Pence 2017 (mint sets only) unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2017 ·
Twenty Pence 2018 (mint sets only) 33,086 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2018 ·
Twenty Pence 2019 125,125,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2019 ·
Twenty Pence 2020 unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2020 ·
Twenty Pence 2021 unknown Queen Elizabeth II - Fifth Portrait ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2021 ·
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Twenty Pence 2008 (Gardner design): Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling
Coin TypeTwenty Pence (Gardner design)
Issued2008
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyQueen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley
Face Value20 (x Penny)
Circulation Mintage11,900,000 (11.9 million)
Total Mintage12,072,577 (12.1 million), Rarity: C (Common)
CurrentYes
MaterialCuproNickel
DesignerWilliam Gardner
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeHeptagon (Seven-sided)
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size21.400 mm
Thickness1.700 mm
Mass5.000 g
OCC IDRDKL-MOMK-CYLK-ONZB
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Twenty Pence 2008 (Gardner design): Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Spink, Coins of England and the United KingdomG3 (was 4630)
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# 990, 990a (Silver), 990b (Gold)