Twenty Pence, Coin Type from United Kingdom - detailed information

Twenty Pence, Coin Type from United Kingdom (issued 1982 - )
Coin TypeTwenty Pence

The British twenty pence (20p) coin - often pronounced "twenty pee" - is a unit of currency equalling twenty one-hundredths of a pound sterling. Its obverse has featured the profile of Queen Elizabeth II since the coin’s introduction in 1982. Four different portraits of the Queen have been used on the coin, with the latest design by Jody Clark being introduced in 2015. The second and current reverse, featuring a segment of the Royal Shield, was introduced in 2008.

Unlike the smaller denominations, the twenty pence coin was not introduced at decimalisation in 1970 but was added later. By the end of the 1970s it had become apparent that the new decimal coinage was in need of change because it was widely regarded as much too heavy. After a review of the coinage, it was proposed that the introduction of a 20p piece would substantially reduce the weight of coins in the system by decreasing the number of 10p coins in use. The denomination was first issued in 1982; consequently, it featured a design by William Gardner (showing a crowned Tudor rose) and not by Christopher Ironside like the rest of the series. This original reverse design was changed to the current version featuring a segment of the Royal Shield by Matthew Dent in 2008; coins of the old design are still current and circulate together with the new ones.

To help identification and avoid confusion with similar sized coins the 20p is seven sided and like the 50p is an equilateral curve heptagon. The shape, with its constant rolling diameter, means that it is readily acceptable in vending machines. Its composition is 84% copper and 16% nickel.

Twenty and fifty pence coins are legal tender only up to the sum of £10; this means that it is permissible to refuse payment of sums greater than this amount in 20p coins in order to settle a debt.

Obverse
United Kingdom / Twenty Pence - obverse photo

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, legend (in Latin). The date was not shown on the obverse before 2008.

Obverse Inscription Legend of the ruling British monarch, date
Reverse
United Kingdom / Twenty Pence - reverse photo

There have been two reverse designs of the twenty pence coin.

The original design by William Gardner featured a crowned Tudor rose, with the numeral value 20 below the rose, and the value and denomination in words: TWENTY PENCE around above. The date is incuse and divided by the crown. Small incuse letters W and G divided by the rose represent the artist's initials.

This was superseded in 2008 by a new design by Matthew Dent. In a world-first concept, the designs for the 1p, 2p, 10p, 20p and 50p coins depict sections of the Royal Shield that form the whole shield when placed together. The shield in its entirety is featured on the £1 coin.

The twenty pence coin depicts the meeting point of the second and fourth quarter of the Royal Shield, showing the Lion Rampant of Scotland and the Lions Passants of England. The value and denomination TWENTY PENCE are around right. There is no date on the reverse.

Reverse Inscription 20 TWENTY PENCE [year] (1982 - 2008), TWENTY PENCE (2008 - present)
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Coin Type: Twenty Pence - (43) Coins
Coin NameReverseObverseDetails
Twenty Pence 1982 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1982 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1982 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 741,126,800
Twenty Pence 1983 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1983 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1983 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 159,207,800
Twenty Pence 1984 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1984 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1984 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 65,616,305
Twenty Pence 1985 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1985 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1985 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 74,554,089
Twenty Pence 1986 (mint sets only) United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1986 (mint sets only) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1986 (mint sets only) - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 271,821
Twenty Pence 1987 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1987 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1987 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 137,711,084
Twenty Pence 1988 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1988 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1988 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 38,251,725
Twenty Pence 1989 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1989 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1989 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 132,177,163
Twenty Pence 1990 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1990 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1990 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 88,279,158
Twenty Pence 1991 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1991 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1991 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 36,031,369
Twenty Pence 1992 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1992 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1992 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 31,345,747
Twenty Pence 1993 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1993 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1993 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 123,246,775
Twenty Pence 1994 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1994 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1994 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 67,375,942
Twenty Pence 1995 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1995 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1995 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 102,171,286
Twenty Pence 1996 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1996 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1996 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 83,317,832
Twenty Pence 1997 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1997 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1997 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 89,709,055
Twenty Pence 1998 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1998 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1998 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 77,124,862
Twenty Pence 1999 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1999 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 1999 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 73,695,590
Twenty Pence 2000 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2000 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2000 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 136,618,969
Twenty Pence 2001 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2001 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2001 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 148,229,613
Twenty Pence 2002 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2002 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2002 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 93,481,309
Twenty Pence 2003 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2003 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2003 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 153,540,262
Twenty Pence 2004 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2004 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2004 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 120,332,137
Twenty Pence 2005 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2005 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2005 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 124,611,013
Twenty Pence 2006 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2006 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2006 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 114,937,798
Twenty Pence 2007 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2007 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2007 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 117,205,093
Twenty Pence 2008 (Gardner design) Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 12,072,577
Twenty Pence 2008 (Dent design) United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2008 (Dent design) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2008 (Dent design) - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 115,142,000
Twenty Pence 2009 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2009 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2009 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 121,766,070
Twenty Pence 2010 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2010 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2010 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 112,965,500
Twenty Pence 2011 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2011 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2011 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 191,709,981
Twenty Pence 2012 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2012 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2012 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 69,753,832
Twenty Pence 2013 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2013 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2013 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 66,371,937
Twenty Pence 2014 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2014 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2014 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 173,817,594
Twenty Pence 2015 (Fourth Portrait) United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2015 (Fourth Portrait) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2015 (Fourth Portrait) - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 63,220,762
Twenty Pence 2015 (Fifth Portrait) United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2015 (Fifth Portrait) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2015 (Fifth Portrait) - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 131,275,285
Twenty Pence 2016 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2016 - reverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 212,673,830
Twenty Pence 2017 (mint sets only) United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2017 (mint sets only) - reverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: unknown
Twenty Pence 2018 (mint sets only) United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2018 (mint sets only) - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2018 (mint sets only) - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 33,086
Twenty Pence 2019 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2019 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2019 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 125,125,000
Twenty Pence 2020 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2020 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2020 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: 32,725,000
Twenty Pence 2021 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2021 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2021 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: unknown
Twenty Pence 2022 United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2022 - reverse photo United Kingdom / Twenty Pence 2022 - obverse photo Material: CuproNickel
Mint: Royal Mint
Mintage: unknown
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Twenty Pence: Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling
Sub-types Twenty Pence (Gardner design)
Twenty Pence (Dent design)
From1982
Face Value20 (x Penny)
CurrentYes
MaterialCuproNickel
DesignerWilliam Gardner, Matthew Dent
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeHeptagon (Seven-sided)
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size21.400 mm
Thickness1.700 mm
Mass5.000 g
Twenty Pence: Photos
ImageDetails
United Kingdom 20 Pence 2003
Copyright: World Coin Shop
Source
Coin, Great Britain, Elizabeth II, 20 Pence, 2008
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
Coin, Great Britain, Elizabeth II, 20 Pence, 1984
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
Great Britain, Elizabeth II, 20 Pence, 1993
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
United Kingdom 20 Pence 2003
Copyright: World Coin Shop
Source