Two Pounds, Technology, Coin Type from United Kingdom - detailed information

Two Pounds, Technology, Coin Type from United Kingdom (issued 1997 - 2015)
Coin TypeTwo Pounds, Technology

The bi-metallic £2 coin is the largest circulating coin denomination of the Pound Sterling. It was introduced in 1998 (earlier two pound coins were made of Nickel brass, were intended as commemorative, and did not circulate much). Being bi-metallic means that the coin comprises two separate components of differing alloys; it also features a special security device at its centre.

The Royal Mint maintains a "definitive" style of the £2 issued annually, as well as a large variety of one-year circulating commemorative types and some Non-Circulating Legal Tender (NCLT) £2 coins for collectors. Between 1997 and 2015, the definitive type was this "Technology" type representing the advances made in industrial and technological fields; its reverse design spirals outward from the Iron Age core, to the Industrial era, the age of the computer and finally ends with the outer ring symbolising the Internet. Designed by Bruce Rushin, the reverse’s central area contains a latent feature which, when tilted, transforms the image of four separate scrolls into an image of eight intertwined scrolls. The edge inscription STANDING ON THE SHOULDERS OF GIANTS was taken from a letter written by Sir Isaac Newton, acknowledging how much he owed to the work of others.

When the first bi-metallic £2 coin was struck, it established a number of important milestones in British numismatic history. It was the first base metal £2 coin intended for general circulation (the other coin denominated as two pounds is the gold Double Sovereign which is a bullion coin), the first bi-colour coin of the United Kingdom made of two different alloys, and the first British coin to incorporate a latent feature as a security device.

The first bimetallic £2 coin was launched on 15 June 1998; the coins had been struck earlier and were dated 1997. The outer ring is Nickel-Brass (76% copper, 4% nickel, 20% zinc); the inner circle is CuproNickel (75% copper, 25% nickel).

In 2015, the new Britannia type two pounds coin was launched and became the definitive type of the denomination. The Technology Two Pounds continue to circulate and are still legal tender.

Obverse
United Kingdom / Two Pounds, Technology - obverse photo

Effigy of the ruling British monarch, legend (in Latin).

Obverse InscriptionLegend of the ruling British monarch
Reverse
United Kingdom / Two Pounds, Technology - reverse photo

Representing the advances made in industrial and technological fields, the reverse design spirals outward from the Iron Age core, to the Industrial era, the age of the computer and finally ends with the outer ring symbolising the Internet. The central area contains a latent feature which, when tilted, transforms the image of four separate scrolls into an image of eight intertwined scrolls.

Around above, the value and denomination in words: TWO POUNDS; around below, the date: [year].

The designer's initials BR (for Bruce Rushin) are incuse in an ornament in the right part of the second ring.

Reverse InscriptionTWO POUNDS [year]
EdgeMilled and inscribed (incuse lettering)
Edge InscriptionSTANDING ON THE SHOULDERS OF GIANTS
Notes

The first base metal £2 coin was issued in the United Kingdom in 1986 to commemorate the Thirteenth Commonwealth Games which was held in Scotland. Commemorative £2 coins continued to be issued in single colour nickel-brass for special occasions. After a review of the United Kingdom’s coinage in 1994, it emerged that there was a requirement for a circulating £2 coin. A consultation process took place with the vending machine industry, members of the public and special interest groups such as the RNIB and Age Concern. The consensus of opinion from the consultation favoured a bicolour coin because it would be easily distinguishable from the other coins in circulation. The bimetallic £2 coin was launched on 15 June 1998 and millions were released into circulation.

All Coins of Type: Two Pounds, Technology (19)
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Two Pounds 1997 Technology 13,924,930 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D
Two Pounds 1998 Technology 91,270,237 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 1999 Technology 33,719,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2000 Technology 25,960,219 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2001 Technology 35,091,863 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2002 Technology 13,146,059 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2003 Technology 17,687,762 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2004 Technology 12,101,137 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2005 Technology 3,959,513 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2006 Technology 16,752,689 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2007 Technology 10,308,215 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2008 Technology 30,222,451 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2009 Technology 8,915,770 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2010 Technology 6,920,844 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2011 Technology 24,404,004 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2012 Technology 3,900,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2013 Technology 15,907,187 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2014 Technology 18,200,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2015 Technology 35,405,820 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
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Two Pounds, Technology: Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling
Sub-type ofTwo Pounds
From1997
To2015
Face Value2 (x Pound)
CurrentYes
MaterialBimetallic
DesignerBruce Rushin
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size (mm)28.4000
Thickness (mm)2.5000
Mass (g)12
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