Two Pounds 1997 Technology, Coin from United Kingdom - detailed information

Two Pounds 1997 Technology, Coin from United Kingdom
CoinTwo Pounds 1997 Technology

The bi-metallic £2 coin is the largest circulating coin denomination of the Pound Sterling. It was introduced in 1998 (earlier two pound coins were made of Nickel brass, were intended as commemorative, and did not circulate much). Being bi-metallic means that the coin comprises two separate components of differing alloys; it also features a special security device at its centre.

The Royal Mint maintains a "definitive" style of the £2 issued annually, as well as a large variety of one-year circulating commemorative types and some Non-Circulating Legal Tender (NCLT) £2 coins for collectors. Between 1997 and 2015, the definitive type was this "Technology" type representing the advances made in industrial and technological fields.

In 2015, the new Britannia type two pounds coin was launched and became the definitive type of the denomination. The Technology Two Pounds continue to circulate and are still legal tender.

£2 coins issued in 1997 have now been in circulation for 23 years.

MintRoyal Mint Mint MarkNo mint mark Total Mintage13,924,930 (13.9 million)
Obverse
United Kingdom / Two Pounds 1997 Technology - obverse photo

Crowned bust of Queen Elizabeth II wearing a pearl necklace, facing right (effigy known as the "Third Portrait").

Incuse in tiny letters on the neck truncation, the designer's initials RDM (for Raphael David Maklouf).

Around, the monarch's legend: + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D. Translated from Latin: Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, Queen, Defender of the Faith.

Obverse Inscription + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D
Reverse
United Kingdom / Two Pounds 1997 Technology - reverse photo

Representing the advances made in industrial and technological fields, the reverse design spirals outward from the Iron Age core, to the Industrial era, the age of the computer and finally ends with the outer ring symbolising the Internet. The central area contains a latent feature which, when tilted, transforms the image of four separate scrolls into an image of eight intertwined scrolls.

Around above, the value and denomination in words: TWO POUNDS; around below, the date: 1997.

The designer's initials BR (for Bruce Rushin) are incuse in an ornament in the right part of the second ring.

Reverse Inscription TWO POUNDS 1997
EdgeMilled and inscribed (incuse lettering)Edge InscriptionSTANDING ON THE SHOULDERS OF GIANTS
Notes

Mintage figure comprised of:
13,734,625 coins released into circulation
109,557 coins in mint sets
? specimen grade issued in presentation folder
80,748 proofs
Off-metal strikes not included.

The comparative rarity of the Maklouf-effigy coins ("the ones with the necklace") has led to an urban myth that they are much more valuable than the other coins, but this is not true - there were over 13 million 1997-dated £2 coins issued. Another urban myth about the coin is that putting it in the freezer overnight causes the cupro-nickel centre to pop out, a claim which had been true of some early mintings of the similarly bimetallic Canadian 2 dollar coin.

Two Pounds 1997 Technology: Known varieties
Variety Specimen in presentation folder
Mintage unknown
Variety In mint sets
Mintage 109,557 (included in total)
In Set 1997 United Kingdom Brilliant Uncirculated Coin Collection, mintage 109,557
9 coins: £2 Technology, £1 English Lions, 50p Large, 50p Small, 20p, 10p, 5p, 2p, 1p
- variety: 1997 Baby Gift Set - United Kingdom Brilliant Uncirculated Coin Collection, mintage unknown (included in the above set)
- variety: 1997 United Kingdom Wedding Coin Collection, mintage unknown (included in the above set)
Variety Proof FDC
Mintage 80,748 (included in total)
In Set 1997 United Kingdom Proof Coin Collection, mintage 48,761
10 coins: £5 Golden Wedding, £2 Technology, £1 English Lions, 50p Large, 50p Small, 20p, 10p, 5p, 2p, 1p
- variety: 1997 United Kingdom Proof Coin Collection (deluxe), mintage 31,987 (not included in the above set)
Variety Silver Proof FDC United Kingdom / Two Pounds 1997 Technology / Silver Proof FDC - obverse photo United Kingdom / Two Pounds 1997 Technology / Silver Proof FDC - reverse photo
Mintage 29,910
Material0.925 Silver
Details

15.98 g. Sterling Silver, 28.40 mm. The external silver ring is gold plated.

Variety Silver Proof Piedfort United Kingdom / Two Pounds 1997 Technology / Silver Proof Piedfort - obverse photo United Kingdom / Two Pounds 1997 Technology / Silver Proof Piedfort - reverse photo
Mintage 10,000
Material0.925 Silver
Details

As the silver proof but double the thickness and weight (31.96 g).

Variety Gold Proof FDC
Mintage 2,482
Material0.917 Gold
Details

15.98 g., 22-carat Gold, 28.40 mm. The centre is yellow gold while the outer ring is red gold.

Two Pounds 1997 Technology: References to Information Used
SourceEditionAboutLinkNotes
Royal Mint Mintage link Circulation mintage
Spink, Coins of England and the United Kingdom Mintage Proof mintage
All (69) Coins of Country: United Kingdom, Type: Two Pounds
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Two Pounds 1986 XIII Commonwealth Games 8,484,005 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 1989 Bill of Rights (English) 4,541,704 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 1989 Claim of Right (Scottish) 455,704 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 1994 Bank of England 1,687,808 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 1995 WW2 5,166,286 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 1995 United Nations 1,750,000 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 1996 Football 5,312,555 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 1997 Technology 13,924,930 Portrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F · D
Two Pounds 1998 Technology 91,270,237 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 1999 Technology 33,719,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 1999 Rugby World Cup 5,149,840 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2000 Technology 25,960,219 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2001 Technology 35,091,863 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2001 Marconi 4,665,113 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2002 Technology 13,146,059 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2002 Commonwealth Games - England 702,694 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2002 Commonwealth Games - Scotland 823,944 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2002 Commonwealth Games - Wales 640,694 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2002 Commonwealth Games - Northern Ireland 537,694 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2003 Technology 17,687,762 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2003 DNA 4,497,080 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2004 Technology 12,101,137 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2004 Trevithick 5,195,399 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2005 Technology 3,959,513 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2005 Gunpowder Plot 5,274,807 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2005 World War II 10,244,686 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2006 Technology 16,752,689 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2006 Brunel - Portrait 8,120,612 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2006 Brunel - Achievements 7,602,742 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2007 Technology 10,308,215 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2007 Act of Union 7,683,956 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2007 Slave Trade 8,583,781 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2008 Technology 30,222,451 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2008 London Olympic Games 1908 1,112,171 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2008 Olympic Games Handover 965,765 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2009 Technology 8,915,770 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2009 Burns 3,513,993 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · 2009 ·
Two Pounds 2009 Darwin 4,163,483 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2010 Technology 6,920,844 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2010 Florence Nightingale 6,279,004 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · 2010 ·
Two Pounds 2011 Technology 24,404,004 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2011 King James Bible 1,060,242 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2011 Mary Rose 1,121,987 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · 2011 ·
Two Pounds 2012 Technology 3,900,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2012 Charles Dickens 8,237,838 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS · 2012
Two Pounds 2012 Olympic Games Handover 873,356 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS · 2012
Two Pounds 2013 Technology 15,907,187 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2013 Anniversary of the Guinea 3,032,422 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2013 London Underground - The Roundel 1,612,979 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2013 London Underground - The Train 1,744,079 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2014 Technology 18,200,000 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2014 Trinity House 3,743,510 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2014 WW1 - Outbreak 5,798,836 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2015 Technology 35,405,820 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2015 Magna Carta (Fourth Portrait, in sets only) 66,636 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS · 2015
Two Pounds 2015 Royal Navy (Fourth Portrait, in sets only) 72,827 Queen Elizabeth II - Fourth Portrait, by Ian Rank-Broadley ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · FID · DEF · TWO POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2015 Magna Carta (Fifth Portrait) 1,495,000 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · TWO POUNDS · 2015
Two Pounds 2015 Royal Navy (Fifth Portrait) 650,000 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2 POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2015 Britannia 675,285 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2015 ·
Two Pounds 2016 Britannia 2,925,000 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2016 ·
Two Pounds 2016 Army 9,605,341 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2 POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2016 Shakespeare - Histories 5,719,676 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2 POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2016 Shakespeare - Comedies 4,416,835 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2 POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2016 Shakespeare - Tragedies 4,679,885 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH · II · D · G · REG · F · D · 2 POUNDS ·
Two Pounds 2016 Great Fire of London 1,689,347 Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REGINA · FID · DEF ·
Two Pounds 2017 Britannia (mint sets only) unknown Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2017 ·
Two Pounds 2018 Britannia (mint sets only) unknown Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2018 ·
Two Pounds 2019 Britannia (mint sets only) unknown Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2019 ·
Two Pounds 2020 Britannia (mint sets only) unknown Portrait by Jody Clark (Fifth Portrait) ELIZABETH II · DEI · GRA · REG · FID · DEF · 2020 ·
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Two Pounds 1997 Technology: Details
CountryUnited Kingdom
CurrencyPound Sterling
Coin TypeTwo Pounds, Technology
Issued1997
MonarchQueen Elizabeth II
EffigyPortrait by Raphael Maklouf (Third Portrait)
Face Value2 (x Pound)
Circulation Mintage13,734,625 (13.7 million)
Total Mintage13,924,930 (13.9 million)
CurrentYes
MaterialBimetallic
DesignerBruce Rushin
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size (mm)28.4000
Thickness (mm)2.5000
Mass (g)12
OCC IDDRMK-GEZA-CXLD-ONXQ
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Two Pounds 1997 Technology: Photos
ImageDetails
1997 UK Coin £2 Silver Proof Piedfort Bimetallic
Copyright: Chards
Notes: Silver Proof Piedfort.
Source
1997 UK Coin £2 Silver Proof Piedfort Bimetallic
Copyright: Chards
Notes: Silver Proof Piedfort.
Source
Coin, Great Britain, 2 Pounds 1997
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
Coin, Great Britain, 2 Pounds 1997
Copyright: NumisCorner.com
Source
1997 History of Technological Achievement £2
Copyright: Royal Mint
Source
Two Pounds 1997 Technology: Catalogue Reference IDs
SourceReference ID
Spink, Coins of England and the United KingdomK8 (was 4318)
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# 976, 976a (Silver), 976b (Gold)
Krause, Standard Catalog of World CoinsGreat Britain KM# P27 (Piedfort)