Threepence 1916, Coin from Australia - detailed information

Threepence 1916, Coin from Australia (withdrawn 1966)
CoinThreepence 1916

The Australian Threepence (or three pence) is a small silver coin which was used in the Commonwealth of Australia prior to decimalisation. It has the same dimensions and composition as the British pre-decimal threepence, from which it is derived (for a time, the coins circulated in parallel and were interchangeable in Australia - but not in the United Kingdom). 3 pence were equal to one quarter of a shilling, or 1/80th of a pound.

The reverse of this first type of Australian threepence coins features the 1908 Coat of Arms. In 1938, a new design superseded this one - featuring three stalks of grain; the old type of coins remained in circulation.

Coins issued in 1916 were withdrawn at decimalisation in 1966 after 50 years in circulation, but have never been formally demonetised and are still legal tender.

MintMelbourne Mint Mint MarkLetter M Mintage1,913,525 (1.9 million)
Obverse
Australia / Threepence 1916 - obverse photo

Crowned and draped bust of King George V facing left (crowned effigy by Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal); the King is wearing the Imperial Crown and the ermine Robe of State, the Collar of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, and the Badge of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath.

The artist's initials BM are in relief on the bust truncation.

Around, the monarch's legend GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP:. Translated from Latin: George the Fifth, by the Grace of God, King of all the Britains, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India.

Obverse Inscription GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Reverse
Australia / Threepence 1916 - reverse photo

The reverse features the Ensigns Armorial of the Commonwealth of Australia, as authorised by Royal Warrant 7th May 1908.

At centre, simple shield enclosing a cross of Saint George on which are five six-pointed stars, around the outside of which are six small escutcheons (small shields). The shield is supported by a kangaroo and an emu standing on a grassy mound. Above the shield a crest, the seven-pointed star of Federation on a wreath and on a ribbon at the base the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA is inscribed.

Around above, the denomination THREEPENCE; below, between arrow heads, the date 1916; below that, the mint mark M of the Melbourne Mint.

Reverse Inscription THREEPENCE 1916
EdgePlainEdge InscriptionNone
Notes

1916 was the first year that silver coins were struck by the Melbourne Mint.

Krause catalogues list mintage of 1,913,000 plus 25 proofs.

The Australian Coin Chart 1965 and Renniks 1965 list circulation mintage of 1,913,500 and no proofs.

Threepence 1916: Known varieties
Variety Proof Australia / Threepence 1916 / Proof - obverse photo Australia / Threepence 1916 / Proof - reverse photo
Mintage 25 (included in total)
Threepence 1916: References to Information Used
All (47) Coins of Country: Australia, Type: Threepence
Coin NameMintageEffigyLegend
Threepence 1910 8,032,034 Portrait by George William de Saulles (Crowned Bust) EDWARDVS VII D: G: BRITT: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP: ·
Threepence 1911 2,000,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Threepence 1912 2,400,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Threepence 1914 1,600,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Threepence 1915 800,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Threepence 1916 1,913,525 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Threepence 1917 3,808,500 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Threepence 1918 3,119,500 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Threepence 1919 3,201,500 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Threepence 1920 4,196,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Threepence 1921 7,378,073 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Threepence 1922 5,531,500 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Threepence 1923 815,283 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Threepence 1924 2,014,044 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Threepence 1925 4,347,585 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Threepence 1926 6,158,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Threepence 1927 6,720,050 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Threepence 1928 5,008,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Threepence 1934 1,616,100 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Threepence 1935 2,800,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Threepence 1936 3,600,000 Portrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust) GEORGIVS V D. G. BRITT: OMN: REX F. D. IND: IMP: ·
Threepence 1937 (pattern) 15 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Threepence 1938 4,560,250 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Threepence 1939 3,856,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Threepence 1940 3,840,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Threepence 1941 7,584,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Threepence 1942 24,528,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Threepence 1943 48,912,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Threepence 1944 32,000,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Threepence 1947 4,176,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Threepence 1948 26,208,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX F : D : IND : IMP.
Threepence 1949 26,400,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Threepence 1950 35,456,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Threepence 1951 55,856,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Threepence 1952 21,560,000 King George VI by Thomas Humphrey Paget GEORGIVS VI D : G : BR : OMN : REX FIDEI DEF.
Threepence 1953 7,664,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Threepence 1954 2,672,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA
Threepence 1955 27,089,040 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Threepence 1956 14,089,500 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Threepence 1957 26,705,256 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Threepence 1958 11,249,506 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Threepence 1959 19,889,508 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Threepence 1960 19,601,509 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Threepence 1961 33,841,506 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Threepence 1962 15,969,500 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Threepence 1963 44,017,500 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
Threepence 1964 20,320,000 Portrait by Mary Gillick (First Portrait) + ELIZABETH · II · DEI · GRATIA · REGINA · F : D :
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Threepence 1916: Details
CountryAustralia
CurrencyAustralian Pound
Coin TypeThreepence - Coat of Arms
Issued1916
MonarchKing George V
EffigyPortrait by Bertram Mackennal (Crowned Bust)
ReverseCoat of Arms of Australia, 1908
Face Value3 (x Penny)
Mintage1,913,525 (1.9 million)
CurrentNo; withdrawn 1966
Material0.925 Silver
DesignerWilliam Henry James Blakemore
TechnologyMilled (machine-made)
ShapeRound
OrientationMedal Alignment (Axis 0)
Size (mm)16
Mass (g)1.4100
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Threepence 1916: Photos
ImageDetails
Proof Coin - Threepence, Specimen Strike, Australia, 1916
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof.
Source
Proof Coin - Threepence, Specimen Strike, Australia, 1916
Copyright: Museums Victoria / CC BY
Author:
Notes: Proof.
Source
Threepence 1916
Copyright: Downies
Source
Threepence 1916
Copyright: Downies
Source
Threepence 1916: Catalogue Reference IDs